Category Archives: Illinois Administrative Law

Illinois Administrative Procedure Act – Contested Hearings

Illinois Legislative Page

(5 ILCS 100/1‑30) (from Ch. 127, par. 1001‑30)
Sec. 1‑30. “Contested case” means an adjudicatory proceeding (not including ratemaking, rulemaking, or quasi‑legislative, informational, or similar proceedings) in which the individual legal rights, duties, or privileges of a party are required by law to be determined by an agency only after an opportunity for a hearing.
(Source: P.A. 87‑823.)

(5 ILCS 100/1‑35) (from Ch. 127, par. 1001‑35)
Sec. 1‑35. “License” includes the whole or part of any agency permit, certificate, approval, registration, charter, or similar form of permission required by law, but it does not include a license required solely for revenue purposes.
(Source: P.A. 87‑823.)

(5 ILCS 100/1‑40) (from Ch. 127, par. 1001‑40)
Sec. 1‑40. “Licensing” includes the agency process respecting the grant, denial, renewal, revocation, suspension, annulment, withdrawal, or amendment of a license.
(Source: P.A. 87‑823.)

(5 ILCS 100/Art. 10 heading)

(5 ILCS 100/10‑5) (from Ch. 127, par. 1010‑5)
Sec. 10‑5. Rules required for hearings. All agencies shall adopt rules establishing procedures for contested case hearings.
(Source: P.A. 87‑823.)

(5 ILCS 100/10‑10) (from Ch. 127, par. 1010‑10)
Sec. 10‑10. Components of rules. All agency rules establishing procedures for contested cases shall at a minimum comply with the provisions of this Article 10. In addition, agency rules establishing procedures may include, but need not be limited to, the following components: pre‑hearing conferences, representation interview or deposition procedures, default procedures, selection of administrative law judges, the form of the final order, the standard of proof used, which agency official makes the final decision, representation of parties, subpoena request procedures, discovery and protective order procedures, and any review or appeal process within the agency.
(Source: P.A. 87‑823.)

(5 ILCS 100/10‑15) (from Ch. 127, par. 1010‑15)
Sec. 10‑15. Standard of proof. Unless otherwise provided by law or stated in the agency’s rules, the standard of proof in any contested case hearing conducted under this Act by an agency shall be the preponderance of the evidence.
(Source: P.A. 87‑823.)

(5 ILCS 100/10‑20) (from Ch. 127, par. 1010‑20)
Sec. 10‑20. Qualifications of administrative law judges. All agencies shall adopt rules concerning the minimum qualifications of administrative law judges for contested case hearings. The agency head or an attorney licensed to practice law in Illinois may act as an administrative law judge or panel for an agency without adopting any rules under this Section. These rules may be adopted using the procedures in either Section 5‑15 or 5‑35.
(Source: P.A. 87‑823.)

(5 ILCS 100/10‑25) (from Ch. 127, par. 1010‑25)
Sec. 10‑25. Contested cases; notice; hearing.
(a) In a contested case, all parties shall be afforded an opportunity for a hearing after reasonable notice. The notice shall be served personally or by certified or registered mail or as otherwise provided by law upon the parties or their agents appointed to receive service of process and shall include the following:
(1) A statement of the time, place, and nature of the hearing.
(2) A statement of the legal authority and jurisdiction under which the hearing is to be held.
(3) A reference to the particular Sections of the substantive and procedural statutes and rules involved.
(4) Except where a more detailed statement is otherwise provided for by law, a short and plain statement of the matters asserted, the consequences of a failure to respond, and the official file or other reference number.
(5) The names and mailing addresses of the administrative law judge, all parties, and all other persons to whom the agency gives notice of the hearing unless otherwise confidential by law.
(b) An opportunity shall be afforded all parties to be represented by legal counsel and to respond and present evidence and argument.
(c) Unless precluded by law, disposition may be made of any contested case by stipulation, agreed settlement, consent order, or default.
(Source: P.A. 87‑823.)

(5 ILCS 100/10‑30) (from Ch. 127, par. 1010‑30)
Sec. 10‑30. Disqualification of administrative law judge.
(a) The agency head, one or more members of the agency head, or any other person meeting the qualifications set forth by rule under Section 10‑20 may be the administrative law judge.
(b) The agency shall provide by rule for disqualification of an administrative law judge for bias or conflict of interest. An adverse ruling, in and of itself, shall not constitute bias or conflict of interest.
(Source: P.A. 87‑823.)

(5 ILCS 100/10‑35) (from Ch. 127, par. 1010‑35)
Sec. 10‑35. Record in contested cases.
(a) The record in a contested case shall include the following:
(1) All pleadings (including all notices and responses thereto), motions, and rulings.
(2) All evidence received.
(3) A statement of matters officially noticed.
(4) Any offers of proof, objections, and rulings thereon.
(5) Any proposed findings and exceptions.
(6) Any decision, opinion, or report by the administrative law judge.
(7) All staff memoranda or data submitted to the administrative law judge or members of the agency in connection with their consideration of the case that are inconsistent with Section 10‑60.
(8) Any communication prohibited by Section 10‑60. No such communication shall form the basis for any finding of fact.
(b) Oral proceedings or any part thereof shall be recorded stenographically or by other means that will adequately insure the preservation of the testimony or oral proceedings and shall be transcribed on the request of any party.
(c) Findings of fact shall be based exclusively on the evidence and on matters officially noticed.
(Source: P.A. 87‑823.)

(5 ILCS 100/10‑40) (from Ch. 127, par. 1010‑40)
Sec. 10‑40. Rules of evidence; official notice. In contested cases:
(a) Irrelevant, immaterial, or unduly repetitious evidence shall be excluded. The rules of evidence and privilege as applied in civil cases in the circuit courts of this State shall be followed. Evidence not admissible under those rules of evidence may be admitted, however, (except where precluded by statute) if it is of a type commonly relied upon by reasonably prudent men in the conduct of their affairs. Objections to evidentiary offers may be made and shall be noted in the record. Subject to these requirements, when a hearing will be expedited and the interests of the parties will not be prejudiced, any part of the evidence may be received in written form.
(b) Subject to the evidentiary requirements of subsection (a) of this Section a party may conduct cross‑examination required for a full and fair disclosure of the facts.
(c) Notice may be taken of matters of which the circuit courts of this State may take judicial notice. In addition, notice may be taken of generally recognized technical or scientific facts within the agency’s specialized knowledge. Parties shall be notified either before or during the hearing, or by reference in preliminary reports or otherwise, of the material noticed, including any staff memoranda or data, and they shall be afforded an opportunity to contest the material so noticed. The agency’s experience, technical competence, and specialized knowledge may be utilized in the evaluation of the evidence.
(Source: P.A. 87‑823.)

(5 ILCS 100/10‑45) (from Ch. 127, par. 1010‑45)
Sec. 10‑45. Proposal for decision. Except where otherwise expressly provided by law, when in a contested case a majority of the officials of the agency who are to render the final decision has not heard the case or read the record, the decision, if adverse to a party to the proceeding other than the agency, shall not be made until a proposal for decision is served upon the parties and an opportunity is afforded to each party adversely affected to file exceptions and to present a brief and, if the agency so permits, oral argument to the agency officials who are to render the decision. The proposal for decision shall contain a statement of the reasons therefor and of each issue of fact or law necessary to the proposed decision and shall be prepared by the persons who conducted the hearing or one who has read the record.
(Source: P.A. 87‑823.)

(5 ILCS 100/10‑50) (from Ch. 127, par. 1010‑50)
Sec. 10‑50. Decisions and orders.
(a) A final decision or order adverse to a party (other than the agency) in a contested case shall be in writing or stated in the record. A final decision shall include findings of fact and conclusions of law, separately stated. Findings of fact, if set forth in statutory language, shall be accompanied by a concise and explicit statement of the underlying facts supporting the findings. If, in accordance with agency rules, a party submitted proposed findings of fact, the decision shall include a ruling upon each proposed finding. Parties or their agents appointed to receive service of process shall be notified either personally or by registered or certified mail of any decision or order. Upon request a copy of the decision or order shall be delivered or mailed forthwith to each party and to his attorney of record.
(b) All agency orders shall specify whether they are final and subject to the Administrative Review Law.
(c) A decision by any agency in a contested case under this Act shall be void unless the proceedings are conducted in compliance with the provisions of this Act relating to contested cases, except to the extent those provisions are waived under Section 10‑70 and except to the extent the agency has adopted its own rules for contested cases as authorized in Section 1‑5.
(Source: P.A. 92‑16, eff. 6‑28‑01.)

(5 ILCS 100/10‑55) (from Ch. 127, par. 1010‑55)
Sec. 10‑55. Expenses and attorney’s fees.
(a) In any contested case initiated by any agency that does not proceed to court for judicial review and on any issue where a court does not have jurisdiction to make an award of litigation expenses under Section 2‑611 of the Civil Practice Law, any allegation made by the agency without reasonable cause and found to be untrue shall subject the agency making the allegation to the payment of the reasonable expenses, including reasonable attorney’s fees, actually incurred in defending against that allegation by the party against whom the case was initiated. A claimant may not recover litigation expenses when the parties have executed a settlement agreement that, while not stipulating liability or violation, requires the claimant to take correction action or pay a monetary sum.
(b) The claimant shall make a demand for litigation expenses to the agency. If the claimant is dissatisfied because of the agency’s failure to make any award or because of the insufficiency of the agency’s award, the claimant may petition the Court of Claims for the amount deemed owed. If allowed any recovery by the Court of Claims, the claimant shall also be entitled to reasonable attorney’s fees and the reasonable expenses incurred in making a claim for the expenses incurred in the administrative action. The Court of Claims may reduce the amount of the litigation expenses to be awarded under this Section, or deny an award, to the extent that the claimant engaged in conduct during the course of the proceeding that unduly and unreasonably protracted the final resolution of the matter in controversy.
(c) In any case in which a party has any administrative rule invalidated by a court for any reason, including but not limited to the agency’s exceeding its statutory authority or the agency’s failure to follow statutory procedures in the adoption of the rule, the court shall award the party bringing the action the reasonable expenses of the litigation, including reasonable attorney’s fees.
(Source: P.A. 87‑823.)

(5 ILCS 100/10‑60) (from Ch. 127, par. 1010‑60)
Sec. 10‑60. Ex parte communications.
(a) Except in the disposition of matters that agencies are authorized by law to entertain or dispose of on an ex parte basis, agency heads, agency employees, and administrative law judges shall not, after notice of hearing in a contested case or licensing to which the procedures of a contested case apply under this Act, communicate, directly or indirectly, in connection with any issue of fact, with any person or party, or in connection with any other issue with any party or the representative of any party, except upon notice and opportunity for all parties to participate.
(b) However, an agency member may communicate with other members of the agency, and an agency member or administrative law judge may have the aid and advice of one or more personal assistants.
(c) An ex parte communication received by any agency head, agency employee, or administrative law judge shall be made a part of the record of the pending matter, including all written communications, all written responses to the communications, and a memorandum stating the substance of all oral communications and all responses made and the identity of each person from whom the ex parte communication was received.
(d) Communications regarding matters of procedure and practice, such as the format of pleadings, number of copies required, manner of service, and status of proceedings, are not considered ex parte communications under this Section.
(Source: P.A. 87‑823.)

(5 ILCS 100/10‑65) (from Ch. 127, par. 1010‑65)
Sec. 10‑65. Licenses.
(a) When any licensing is required by law to be preceded by notice and an opportunity for a hearing, the provisions of this Act concerning contested cases shall apply.
(b) When a licensee has made timely and sufficient application for the renewal of a license or a new license with reference to any activity of a continuing nature, the existing license shall continue in full force and effect until the final agency decision on the application has been made unless a later date is fixed by order of a reviewing court.
(c) Except as provided in Section 1‑17 of the Department of Natural Resources Act, an application for the renewal of a license or a new license shall include the applicant’s social security number. Each agency shall require the licensee to certify on the application form, under penalty of perjury, that he or she is not more than 30 days delinquent in complying with a child support order. Every application shall state that failure to so certify shall result in disciplinary action, and that making a false statement may subject the licensee to contempt of court. The agency shall notify each applicant or licensee who acknowledges a delinquency or who, contrary to his or her certification, is found to be delinquent or who after receiving notice, fails to comply with a subpoena or warrant relating to a paternity or a child support proceeding, that the agency intends to take disciplinary action. Accordingly, the agency shall provide written notice of the facts or conduct upon which the agency will rely to support its proposed action and the applicant or licensee shall be given an opportunity for a hearing in accordance with the provisions of the Act concerning contested cases. Any delinquency in complying with a child support order can be remedied by arranging for payment of past due and current support. Any failure to comply with a subpoena or warrant relating to a paternity or child support proceeding can be remedied by complying with the subpoena or warrant. Upon a final finding of delinquency or failure to comply with a subpoena or warrant, the agency shall suspend, revoke, or refuse to issue or renew the license. In cases in which the Department of Healthcare and Family Services (formerly Department of Public Aid) has previously determined that an applicant or a licensee is more than 30 days delinquent in the payment of child support and has subsequently certified the delinquency to the licensing agency, and in cases in which a court has previously determined that an applicant or licensee has been in violation of the Non‑Support Punishment Act for more than 60 days, the licensing agency shall refuse to issue or renew or shall revoke or suspend that person’s license based solely upon the certification of delinquency made by the Department of Healthcare and Family Services (formerly Department of Public Aid) or the certification of violation made by the court. Further process, hearings, or redetermination of the delinquency or violation by the licensing agency shall not be required. The licensing agency may issue or renew a license if the licensee has arranged for payment of past and current child support obligations in a manner satisfactory to the Department of Healthcare and Family Services (formerly Department of Public Aid) or the court. The licensing agency may impose conditions, restrictions, or disciplinary action upon that license.
(d) Except as provided in subsection (c), no agency shall revoke, suspend, annul, withdraw, amend materially, or refuse to renew any valid license without first giving written notice to the licensee of the facts or conduct upon which the agency will rely to support its proposed action and an opportunity for a hearing in accordance with the provisions of this Act concerning contested cases. At the hearing, the licensee shall have the right to show compliance with all lawful requirements for the retention, continuation, or renewal of the license. If, however, the agency finds that the public interest, safety, or welfare imperatively requires emergency action, and if the agency incorporates a finding to that effect in its order, summary suspension of a license may be ordered pending proceedings for revocation or other action. Those proceedings shall be promptly instituted and determined.
(e) Any application for renewal of a license that contains required and relevant information, data, material, or circumstances that were not contained in an application for the existing license shall be subject to the provisions of subsection (a).
(Source: P.A. 95‑331, eff. 8‑21‑07; 96‑328, eff. 8‑11‑09.)

(5 ILCS 100/10‑70) (from Ch. 127, par. 1010‑70)
Sec. 10‑70. Waiver. Compliance with any or all of the provisions of this Act concerning contested cases may be waived by written stipulation of all parties.
(Source: P.A. 87‑823.)

(5 ILCS 100/Art. 15 heading)

(5 ILCS 100/15‑5) (from Ch. 127, par. 1015‑5)
Sec. 15‑5. Severability. If any provision of this Act or the application of any provision of this Act to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the invalidity does not affect other provisions or applications of the Act that can be given effect without the invalid provision or application, and for this purpose the provisions of this Act are severable.
(Source: P.A. 87‑823.)

(5 ILCS 100/15‑10) (from Ch. 127, par. 1015‑10)
Sec. 15‑10. Effective date. This Act takes effect upon becoming law.
(Source: P.A. 87‑823.)


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