A look at what constitutes "speeding"

An interesting look at what constitutes “speeding”, be it posted limit or reasonable and prudent. Original post is here.Speeding in Traffic (Florida)Prudent or Posted?

 

The Florida statute providing the penalty for speeding is at section 316.183 (FS). Subsection (1) directs that everyone shall drive at “reasonable and prudent” under the conditions. Subsection (3) directs school buses (not even the drivers of them, but the buses!) shall not exceed the posted speed limit. Subsection (4) is directed at every driver, for him to adhere to the requirements of subsection (1), being “reasonable and prudent.” At subsection (6) all drivers are directed to obey the speed limits signs in a work zone area.

So, school buses (!) are to obey the posted speed limits at all times. Drivers in general need only be “reasonable and prudent” except when in a work zone area where the posted speed limits also apply.

Looking at the cross reference for the FAC, it shows that 316.183 is implemented only by FAC 6-3.017; this section deals with school buses, and it implements specifically 316.183(3). The other subsections of 316.183 (FS) therefore are not implemented (barring a mistake in the online version in the FAC(section 6 is a 15MB PDF file)).

What is reasonable and prudent? It depends on road, weather, and other conditions. But travelling faster than the posted speed limit is not reckless per se; see the following Attorney General opinion, which is reproduced here as it is found on page 351 of the Biennial Report of the Attorney General for 1950:

May 10, 1950–050-236

MOTOR VEHICLES–SPEED LAWS–RECKLESS DRIVING–CHAPTER 317, FLORIDA STATUTES APPLICABLE

QUESTION: Does the operation of a motor vehicle at a rate of speed greater than the rate prescribed by Section 317.22, Florida Statutes, constitute reckless driving per se?

To: Honorable John D. Justice, County Judge, Sarasota County, Sarasota, Florida:
. . . . .

Your question is accordingly answered in the negative.

 

FS 317.22 of 1950 was similar to what FS 316.183 is today.

 


 

It appears that since the Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles, is an agency of the Executive Branch of government…

FS 20.24 Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles.–There is created a Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles.
(1) The head of the Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles is the Governor and Cabinet.
(2) The following divisions, and bureaus within the divisions, of the Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles are established:
(a) Division of the Florida Highway Patrol.
(b) Division of Driver Licenses.
(c) Division of Motor Vehicles.
1. Bureau of Motor Vehicle Inspection.

… the director of the DHSMV is responsible to comply with the rule adoption provisions of Chapter 120 (FS).

20.05 Heads of departments; powers and duties.–
(1) Each head of a department, except as otherwise provided by law, must:
* * *
(e) Subject to the requirements of chapter 120, exercise existing authority to adopt rules pursuant and limited to the powers, duties, and functions transferred to the department;

Rule making is required to implement to statute for the general public; see Rule Making.

As there are no rules bringing the general public within the operation of posted speed limits, it appears the general public (by this I mean those who hold driver’s licences but do not drive school buses) could argue (to a judge) that they have not been brought within the operation of the statute (FS 316.183) by an agency rule and therefore a (theoretical) speeding ticket charge should be dismissed. I don’t know if this argument will work as well if given for speeding in a “work zone area,” where one in theory endangered people working on or around the road. This is not legal advise – just a theory for some brave soul to try instead of paying a speeding fine.

 


 

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FLORIDA STATUTES

316 STATE UNIFORM TRAFFIC CONTROL

316.183 Unlawful speed.— [implemented by FAC 6-3.017]

(1) No person shall drive a vehicle on a highway at a speed greater than is reasonable and prudent under the conditions and having regard to the actual and potential hazards then existing. In every event, speed shall be controlled as may be necessary to avoid colliding with any person, vehicle, or other conveyance or object on or entering the highway in compliance with legal requirements and the duty of all persons to use due care.

(2) On all streets or highways, the maximum speed limits for all vehicles must be 30 miles per hour in business or residence districts, and 55 miles per hour at any time at all other locations. However, with respect to a residence district, a county or municipality may set a maximum speed limit of 20 or 25 miles per hour on local streets and highways after an investigation determines that such a limit is reasonable. It is not necessary to conduct a separate investigation for each residence district. The minimum speed limit on all highways that comprise a part of the National System of Interstate and Defense Highways and have not fewer than four lanes is 40 miles per hour.

(3) No school bus shall exceed the posted speed limits, not to exceed 55 miles per hour at any time.

(4) The driver of every vehicle shall, consistent with the requirements of subsection (1), drive at an appropriately reduced speed when:
(a) Approaching and crossing an intersection or railway grade crossing;
(b) Approaching and going around a curve;
(c) Approaching a hill crest;
(d) Traveling upon any narrow or winding roadway; and
(e) Any special hazard exists with respect to pedestrians or other traffic or by reason of weather or highway conditions.

(5) No person shall drive a motor vehicle at such a slow speed as to impede or block the normal and reasonable movement of traffic, except when reduced speed is necessary for safe operation or in compliance with law.

(6) No driver of a vehicle shall exceed the posted maximum speed limit in a work zone area.

(7) A violation of this section is a noncriminal traffic infraction, punishable as a moving violation as provided in chapter 318.

History.–s. 1, ch. 71-135; s. 1, ch. 76-159; s. 3, ch. 76-218; s. 3, ch. 76-286; s. 1, ch. 77-174; s. 6, ch. 87-161; s. 2, ch. 88-47; s. 5, ch. 88-91; s. 4, ch. 88-93; s. 21, ch. 90-227; s. 17, ch. 94-306; s. 20, ch. 96-350; s. 135, ch. 99-248.

 


 

316.185 Special hazards.–The fact that the speed of a vehicle is lower than the prescribed limits shall not relieve the driver from the duty to decrease speed when approaching and crossing an intersection, when approaching and going around a curve, when approaching a hill crest, when traveling upon any narrow or winding roadway, or when special hazards exist or may exist with respect to pedestrians or other traffic or by reason of weather or other roadway conditions, and speed shall be decreased as may be necessary to avoid colliding with any person, vehicle, or other conveyance on or entering the street in compliance with legal requirements and the duty of all persons to use due care. A violation of this section is a noncriminal traffic infraction, punishable as a moving violation as provided in chapter 318.

History.–s. 1, ch. 71-135; s. 136, ch. 99-248.

 


 

316.187 Establishment of state speed zones.— [implemented by FAC 14.15.012]

(1) Whenever the Department of Transportation determines, upon the basis of an engineering and traffic investigation, that any speed is greater or less than is reasonable or safe under the conditions found to exist at any intersection or other place, or upon any part of a highway outside of a municipality or upon any state roads, connecting links or extensions thereof within a municipality, the Department of Transportation may determine and declare a reasonable and safe speed limit thereat which shall be effective when appropriate signs giving notice thereof are erected at the intersection or other place or part of the highway.

(2)(a) The maximum allowable speed limit on limited access highways is 70 miles per hour.

(b) The maximum allowable speed limit on any other highway which is outside an urban area of 5,000 or more persons and which has at least four lanes divided by a median strip is 65 miles per hour.

(c) The Department of Transportation is authorized to set such maximum and minimum speed limits for travel over other roadways under its authority as it deems safe and advisable, not to exceed as a maximum limit 60 miles per hour.

(3) Violation of the speed limits established under this section must be cited as a moving violation, punishable as provided in chapter 318.

History.–s. 1, ch. 71-135; ss. 1, 18, ch. 76-31; s. 1, ch. 76-218; s. 1, ch. 77-174; s. 1, ch. 87-352; s. 9, ch. 93-164; s. 47, ch. 96-323; s. 21, ch. 96-350.

Note.–Former s. 316.181.

 


 

316.189 Establishment of municipal and county speed zones.— [implemented by FAC 6-3.017 & 14-15.012]

(1) MUNICIPAL SPEED.–The maximum speed within any municipality is 30 miles per hour. With respect to residence districts, a municipality may set a maximum speed limit of 20 or 25 miles per hour on local streets and highways after an investigation determines that such a limit is reasonable. It shall not be necessary to conduct a separate investigation for each residence district. A municipality may set speed zones altering the speed limit, both as to maximum, not to exceed 60 miles per hour, and minimum, after investigation determines such a change is reasonable and in conformity to criteria promulgated by the Department of Transportation, except that no changes shall be made on state highways or connecting links or extensions thereof, which shall be changed only by the Department of Transportation.

(2) SPEED ON COUNTY ROADS.–The maximum speed on any county-maintained road is:

(a) In any business or residence district, 30 miles per hour in the daytime or nighttime; provided that with respect to residence districts a county may set a maximum speed limit of 25 miles per hour after an investigation determines that such a limit is reasonable; and it shall not be necessary to conduct a separate investigation in each residence district.

(b) On any other part of a county road not a business or residence district, as set forth in s. 316.183.

However, the board of county commissioners may set speed zones altering such speeds, both as to maximum and minimum, after investigation determines such a change is reasonable and in conformity to criteria promulgated by the Department of Transportation, except that no such speed zone shall permit a speed of more than 60 miles per hour.

(3) POSTING OF SPEED LIMITS.–All speed zones shall be posted with clearly legible signs. No change in speeds from 30 miles per hour or from those established in s. 316.183 shall take effect until the zone is posted by the authority changing the speed pursuant to this section and s. 316.187. All signs which limit or establish speed limits, maximum and minimum, shall be so placed and so painted as to be plainly visible and legible in daylight or in darkness when illuminated by headlights.

(4) PENALTY.–Violation of the speed limits established under this section must be cited as a moving violation, punishable as provided in chapter 318.

History.–s. 1, ch. 71-135; ss. 1, 19, ch. 76-31; s. 2, ch. 76-218; s. 1, ch. 88-47; s. 22, ch. 90-227; s. 48, ch. 96-323; s. 22, ch. 96-350.

Note.–Former s. 316.182.

 


 

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

CHAPTER 6-3 TRANSPORTATION
6-3.017 Responsibilities of School Districts for Student Transportation.

Each school district shall exercise specific powers and responsibilities, as follows:
(1) Responsibilities of Superintendent. It shall be the duty of the superintendent, acting as executive officer for the school board to exercise functions and to perform duties listed below:
(a) To recommend to the school board such policies, rules and regulations, plans and procedures as the superintendent shall deem desirable or necessary for provisions of satisfactory transportation facilities and equipment in the district, and as executive officer of the board, to administer the transportation service and to make sure that all policies and actions approved by the board are properly executed.
(b) To recommend to the school board for employment such assistants as are, in his or her judgement, necessary to supervise transportation operation and maintenance and to provide essential records, maps and studies of the service.
(c) To recommend in writing to the school board for employment qualified bus drivers, attendants and mechanics as may be necessary for efficient functioning of the service.
(d) To develop safety regulations and promote proper safety practices for all drivers.
(e) To prepare and recommend to the school board plans for purchase of or contract for safe school buses to transport students to and from school or school activities.
(f) To organize or approve an inspection, maintenance and repair service for publicly owned or contracted buses designed to ensure that the condition of each bus is maintained to meet or exceed accepted school bus industry and state standards, and which will be adequate to provide for quick and economical repair of any bus, and to make sure that this service functions efficiently.
(g) To propose garages at which buses shall be inspected, when arrangements for this service have not been made to use school board employed mechanics, and to see that inspections are systematically made at least once each month at garages approved by the board.
(h) To make periodic, objective surveys of school bus and garage equipment, routes, safety practices, repair and operating costs, and when unsatisfactory conditions are discovered, to recommend corrective measures to the school board.
(i) To recommend a medical examiner or medical examiners to give physical examinations to bus drivers and to ascertain and ensure that all examinations are carried out as required. A medical examiner shall be defined as a medical physician or physician assistant licensed pursuant to Chapter 458, Florida Statutes; an osteopathic physician or physician assistant pursuant to Chapter 459, Florida Statutes, a chiropractic physician licensed pursuant to Chapter 460, Florida Statutes; and an Advanced Registered Nurse Practitioner licensed pursuant to Chapter 464, Florida Statutes.
(2) The school district shall exercise additional specific powers and responsibilities, as follows:
(a) Enforcement of law and rules and formulation of policies.
(b) To make sure that State Board rules are known, understood and observed by all who have responsibility for student transportation.
(c) To assure that all transportation rules and statements of policy are in harmony with rules of the State Board and are fully observed.
(d) To assure that no state funds for transportation are used for transportation of students to schools which cannot qualify for recognition by the Department under the provisions of State Board rules.
(e) To adopt, after considering recommendations of the superintendent statements of policy in harmony with law and with rules of the State Board necessary for maintaining the requirements of adequate transportation. Such policies shall include at least the following responsibilities of the director or supervisor of transportation, the school principal or other designated staff and the bus driver for uniform school bus operating procedures:
1. Responsibilities of the director or supervisor of transportation:
a. To counsel with school bus drivers regarding safety and efficiency of service to schools and to make recommendations to them for improvement in service.
b. To confer with the superintendent or the superintendent’s designee regarding drivers and to recommend such personnel for employment.
c. To instruct school bus drivers in procedures to be followed in conducting school bus emergency evacuation drills and to confer with each school principal regarding scheduling, conducting and documenting school bus evacuation drills.
d. To counsel with bus drivers regarding driver responsibility and authority.
2. Responsibilities of the school principal or other designated school staff:
a. To assume responsibility under the direction of the superintendent for all student disciplinary cases which arise in connection with transportation.
b. To plan the program of the school so that transported students who arrive early or remain late will be under school supervision at all times.
c. To plan and assign places for students to get on and off school buses at the school, and to ensure the safety of the loading/unloading zone and to provide supervision of students.
d. To direct school bus emergency evacuation drills on each bus serving the school during the first six (6) weeks of each semester, and to maintain documentation for all students.
e. To provide instruction for all transported students in safe practices on and off the bus during the first six (6) weeks of the first semester of the school year.
f. To request authority in writing for transportation of students on field trips and activity trips, or other special trips, and to plan such trips in accordance with policies approved by the school board.
3. Responsibilities of the school bus driver:
a. To pass all required physical examinations and meet such requirements as may be prescribed by law or rules.
b. To be clean and neat in appearance, and to refrain from wearing shoes which are not securely held on the foot.
c. To refrain from use of tobacco while operating the bus, and to use no profane language in the presence of the students.
Drivers shall not use or be under the influence of alcohol, illicit drugs, or any substance which may impair the driver’s alertness or performance while on duty. Drivers shall not carry firearms while on school board property.
d. To prescribe, in cooperation with the principals, the seating arrangements of students on all buses.
e. To report needed changes in school bus transportation to the director or supervisor of transportation including bus loads, bus deficiencies, road hazards, routes and schedules.
f. To study and observe all laws and rules of the State Board and the school board relating to the service of transportation.
g. To attend and participate in conferences and training classes for school bus drivers and to be prepared at any time to pass successfully a reasonable examination concerning traffic laws, state and local transportation rules and driving skills.
h. To ascertain and ensure that transported students observe all rules prescribed by law and by the state and local board.
i. To maintain order and discipline, under the direction of the school principal, on the part of every passenger.
j. To permit a student to leave the bus only at their assigned stop, except upon written authorization of the school principal or other district designee.
k. To observe all procedures incorporated in the Florida Department of Education Basic School Bus Driver’s Curriculum, as incorporated by reference in Rule 6A-3.0141(4)(b), FAC.
l. To instruct transported students in safe riding practices.
m. To require all passengers to remain seated and to keep aisles and exits clear.
n. To participate in emergency evacuation drills at least once each school semester under the direction of the school principal or the principal’s designee.
o. To use the bus, if it is publicly owned, only to transport students to and from school, except upon specific direction of the superintendent or from the principal upon written authorization by the superintendent.
p. To prepare immediately after every accident involving the bus or a school bus passenger an accident report to be filed with the director or supervisor of transportation.
q. To ascertain and ensure that all persons are off the bus before filling fuel tank.
r. To drive always at a safe speed and never in excess of the legally posted speed limit in business or residential districts or fifty-five (55) miles per hour outside business or residential districts.
s. To cooperate with duly authorized school officials, mechanics and other personnel in the mechanical maintenance and repair of bus in overcoming hazards which threaten the safety or efficiency of service.
t. To inspect the bus at least daily prior to the beginning of the first daily trip or more often as required by the school district and to report any defect affecting safety or economy of operation immediately to authorized service personnel. The inspection shall include all items identified in the procedures related to the mandatory daily inspection in the Basic School Bus Driver Curriculum.
u. To keep the bus clean and neat at all times and not affix any stickers or other unauthorized items to the interior or exterior of buses.
v. To prepare reports, keep all records required, and otherwise assist school officials in mapping bus routes, planning schedules and in obtaining information for a continuous study of all phases of transportation service.
w. To wear a seat belt at all times when the bus is in operation.
x. To use roof-mounted white flashing strobe lights (if equipped) at a minimum, whenever headlights are required to be used due to reduced visibility conditions pursuant to Section 316.217(1)(b), Florida Statutes, except that insufficient light due only to the time of day or night shall not require use of the strobe light.
y. To report immediately to the director or supervisor of transportation, school principal or other designated officials:
[1] Misconduct on the part of any student while on bus or under the driver’s immediate supervision,
[2] Complaints requiring attention of school authorities,
[3] Any hazards arising which would offer either an actual or a potential threat to the safety of students in the driver’s care,
[4] Causes for failure to maintain school bus time schedule, and
[5] Overloaded conditions on the bus which exceed the rated capacity of the bus.
z. To maintain as far as practicable by patient and considerate treatment of parents a feeling of security in the safety of students transported.
(3) Transportation personnel.
(a) To employ such assistants as may be recommended by the superintendent and as are necessary in the judgment of the board to supervise operation and maintenance of school buses and to provide records and maps for a continuous study of transportation routes and needs within the district.
(b) To employ or contract only for services of school bus drivers who meet the requirements of Rule 6A-3.0141, FAC., and who possess a valid Medical Examiner’s Certificate.
(c) To officially maintain, after considering recommendations of the superintendent, an approved, current list of properly licensed physicians or medical facilities staffed by licensed physicians other than members of the school board or superintendent, eligible to examine all school bus drivers and driver applicants, in accordance with Form ESE 479, Physical Examination for School Bus Drivers and Medical Examiners Certificate, and School Bus Driver Physical Standards: Medical Regulatory Criteria for Physical Examinations, as adopted by reference in Rule 6A-3.0151, FAC.
(4) Transported students.
(a) To consider, and as nearly as possible to provide for, the transit, safety, and comfort of each student who will be transported to and from school.
(b) To approve, after considering recommendations of the superintendent, policies relating to and governing the conduct of transported students during the time they are riding on the school bus, and during the time spent on the school grounds awaiting the opening of school or in the afternoon hours waiting for the school bus.
(c) To suspend for a period exceeding ten (10) days, upon recommendation of the superintendent, any student who willfully and persistently violates school board policies.
(5) Purchases, lease and use of school buses.
(a) To provide, by purchase or contract, safe, comfortable and adequate transportation facilities and school buses which meet minimum standards of law and State Board rules.
(b) To purchase transportation equipment in accordance with all provisions of law and State Board rules.
(c) To assure that contracts entered into by school boards for operation of school buses are in accordance with law and rules of the State Board.
(d) To adopt policies governing the use of publicly owned and contracted school buses for transportation of students to school and school activities, and to ascertain and ensure that buses and bus bodies are used only after policies have been adopted and upon written instructions signed by the superintendent or designee. Such district policies shall include the provision that any equipment carried in a school bus which could shift on impact or sudden stop shall be securely fastened and shall not block any aisle or exit at any time.
(6) Routes and schedules.
(a) To designate school bus routes, following consideration of data and recommendations presented by the superintendent, to provide for students eligible for transportation when transportation by school bus is economical and practicable.
(b) To propose minimum distances from school centers within which no bus stops will be scheduled except for students with special transportation needs; to propose minimum distances from transportation routes as residence zones within which students must arrange to meet the bus at regularly scheduled stops; and to plan and arrange routes, schedules, and student capacities in accordance with policies adopted by the school board.
(c) To plan routes, so far as practicable, so that no elementary student shall be on a bus more than fifty (50) minutes or secondary school student more than one (1) hour during the morning or evening, and so that no more than an hour and one-half will elapse between the time the student boards the bus and the time school begins, or the time school closes and the student leaves the bus in the afternoon, and to arrange proposed routes which, insofar as possible, are free from major hazards.
(d) To assure that county and city officials are advised of hazards on bus routes and hazards involving students walking to and from school.
(7) School bus operating principles. To assure that all buses are operated in accordance with municipal, county and state traffic requirements and that every precaution is taken to assure the safety of students.
(8) Inspection and maintenance of school buses.
(a) To provide, after considering recommendations of the superintendent, adequate storage, maintenance and inspection procedures for all buses owned by the school board, and to assure that all contract buses in use in the district are properly inspected and maintained in accordance with law and rules of the State Board.
(b) The inspection shall be conducted in accordance with procedures and include all items listed in the State of Florida School Bus Safety Inspection Manual, 2000 Edition which is hereby incorporated by reference and made a part of this rule. This document may be obtained from the Bureau of Career Development, Department of Education, 325 West Gaines Street, Tallahassee, Florida 32399, at a cost not to exceed actual production and distribution cost.
(c) Inspection of buses shall be scheduled and required every twenty (20) school days. Any bus that is removed from service or deadlined so as to disrupt the safety inspection schedule shall be inspected prior to being returned to service. All deficiencies discovered during the safety inspection shall be noted on the inspection form. Follow-up repairs of all safety related items shall be made before the bus is returned to service and shall be documented.
(d) School bus inspections shall be conducted by technicians certified as school bus inspectors in accordance with the State of Florida School Bus Safety Inspection Manual, 2000 Edition. The requirement that inspections be performed by a certified school bus inspector may be waived for a period not to exceed six (6) months when an emergency condition exists, upon written notification to the Commissioner by the district superintendent. This paragraph shall become effective January 1, 2001.
(e) No person shall knowingly render inoperative or reduce compliance of any school bus equipment required to meet Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards applicable at the time of manufacture.
(9) Transportation records, reports and accounting.
(a) To ascertain and ensure that all prescribed records are kept and reports made which are required by law, rules or the Commissioner.
(b) To assure that all records and reports prescribed by the Commissioner are properly completed and are furnished on the dates due to those designated to receive them.
1. To file with the Deputy Commissioner for Planning, Budgeting and Management after each accident in which a school bus or a transported student is involved or in which total damages to property exceeds five hundred (500) dollars a report on Form ESE 256, School Bus Accident Report Form which is hereby incorporated by reference in this rule to become effective April 1996. This form may be obtained from the Administrator of School Transportation Management Section or Information Services and Accountability, Division of Planning, Budgeting and Management, Department of Education, The Florida Education Center, Tallahassee, Florida 32399.
2. To file with the Deputy Commissioner for Planning, Budgeting and Management, Form ESE 422, Hazardous Walking Conditions Report for K-6 Living Within 2 Miles of Assigned School which is hereby incorporated by reference and made a part of this rule to become effective April 1996. This form may be obtained from the Administrator of School Transportation Management Section or Information Services and Accountability, Division of Planning, Budgeting and Management, Department of Education, The Florida Education Center, Tallahassee, Florida 32399.
(c) Keep a current file of all approved physical examination forms for bus drivers, each showing the date of examination.
(d) To maintain records of inspection of each school bus in accordance with requirements of Subsection (8) of this rule.
(e) To prepare maps of routes and attendance zones and conduct and carry on such studies of transportation as shall enable the superintendent to measure progress and recommend improvements in the transportation service.
(f) To prescribe and maintain, upon recommendation of the superintendent, such additional records, reports, accounts and accounting procedures as may be necessary to provide complete information regarding the transportation service.
(10) Inter-agency relationships. To cooperate with municipal, county, state, and federal agencies to promote the safety of the transportation service through correction of remediable road hazards.
(11) Transportation by other means than school buses including passenger cars as defined by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 49 C.F.R., Part 571, and which meet all applicable Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards.
(a) To share the expense, in unusual cases involving a small number of students living in isolated areas, or requiring specialized transportation services, of operating a vehicle of the type commonly called a passenger car or other conveyance for transporting eight (8) students or less to a public school:
1. Agreements to share the cost of operating such conveyance shall be set forth in the minutes of the board including the amount, mileage to bus route or school, names of students and school attended.
2. The board shall not expend funds to share in the expense of operating such vehicle to provide transportation to students whose houses are within a reasonable walking distance of the assigned school or bus routes.
3. Vehicles of the type commonly called passenger cars need not meet the requirements for specifications of school buses.
(b) To make such other arrangements, after considering recommendation of the superintendent, for the transportation of isolated, physically disabled or other students with special transportation needs as may be compatible with an adequate educational opportunity for such students and an economical administration of the service.
(c) To provide for transportation of students in vehicles owned or operated by a school board, other than school buses, when necessary or practical. Such transportation shall be provided in a passenger car or in a multipurpose passenger vehicle, as defined in 49 C.F.R., Part 571. Such multipurpose passenger vehicle shall meet all of the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards in 49 C.F.R., Part 571 applicable to passenger cars on the date of manufacture, except that window tinting, if equipped, shall meet requirements applicable to multipurpose passenger vehicles.

Specific Authority 232.25, 232.26, 234.01, 234.02, 234.051, 234.061 FS. Law Implemented 230.23(8), 230.33(10), 234.01, 234.02, 234.021, 234.051, 234.061, 316.183(3), 316.189 FS. History”œAmended 9-4-64, 3-25-66, 1-17-72, Revised 7-20-74, Repromulgated 12-5-74, Amended 11-24-76, 10-1-81, Formerly 6A-3.17, Amended 9-30-87, 6-26-89, 11-15-94, 8-28-95, 4-18-96, Formerly 6-3.017, Amended 6-11-00.

 


 

DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

CHAPTER 14-15 INCORPORATION BY REFERENCE

14-15.012 Manual on Speed Zoning for Highways, Roads, and Streets in Florida.

This manual, entitled Speed Zoning for Highways, Roads, and Streets in Florida, FDOT Manual Number 750-010-002, 1997 edition, is hereby incorporated by this rule and made a part of the rules of the Department of Transportation. Copies of this document are available from the Department of Transportation, Maps and Publications Sales, 605 Suwannee Street, Mail Station 12, Tallahassee, Florida 32399-0450, at no more than cost pursuant to s. 119.07(1)(a), Florida Statutes.

Specific Authority 316.006(1), 316.189, 344.044(2) FS. Law Implemented 316.187, 316.189 FS. History”œNew 5-25-80, Formerly 14-15.12, Amended 8-23-89, 10-14-97.

 

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