49 USC SUBCHAPTER I – TRANSPORTATION – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC SUBCHAPTER I – GENERAL‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER I – GENERAL

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER I – GENERAL‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 

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-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30101‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER I – GENERAL

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30101. Purpose and policy

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  The purpose of this chapter is to reduce traffic accidents and
‚ ‚ ‚  deaths and injuries resulting from traffic accidents. Therefore it
‚ ‚ ‚  is necessary –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) to prescribe motor vehicle safety standards for motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicles and motor vehicle equipment in interstate commerce; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) to carry out needed safety research and development.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 941.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30101‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1381.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 1, 80 Stat. 718.
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  The words “Congress hereby declares that”, “to persons”, and
‚ ‚ ‚  “Congress determines that” are omitted as surplus. The words “motor
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle” before “equipment” are added for consistency. The words
‚ ‚ ‚  “and to expand the national driver register” are omitted because
‚ ‚ ‚  section 401 of the National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act of
‚ ‚ ‚  1966 (Public Law 89-563, 80 Stat. 730), the only section in this
‚ ‚ ‚  law related to the national driver register, was superseded by the
‚ ‚ ‚  National Driver Register Act of 1982 (Public Law 97-364, 96 Stat.
‚ ‚ ‚  1740).

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  SHORT TITLE OF 2007 AMENDMENT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 110-140, title I, Sec. 101, Dec. 19, 2007, 121 Stat.
‚ ‚ ‚  1498, provided that: “This subtitle [subtitle A (Secs. 101-113) of
‚ ‚ ‚  title I of Pub. L. 110-140, enacting section 32304A of this title,
‚ ‚ ‚  amending sections 32308, 32901 to 32904, 32905, 32906, 32908, and
‚ ‚ ‚  32912 of this title, and enacting provisions set out as notes under
‚ ‚ ‚  sections 32902, 32904, and 32908 of this title] may be cited as the
‚ ‚ ‚  ‘Ten-in-Ten Fuel Economy Act’.”

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  SHORT TITLE OF 2005 AMENDMENT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 109-59, title IV, Sec. 4001, Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat.
‚ ‚ ‚  1714, provided that: “This title [see Tables for classification]
‚ ‚ ‚  may be cited as the ‘Motor Carrier Safety Reauthorization Act of
‚ ‚ ‚  2005’.”

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  SHORT TITLE OF 2000 AMENDMENT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 106-414, Sec. 1, Nov. 1, 2000, 114 Stat. 1800, provided
‚ ‚ ‚  that: “This Act [enacting section 30170 of this title, amending
‚ ‚ ‚  sections 30115, 30117, 30118, 30120, 30165, and 30166 of this
‚ ‚ ‚  title, and enacting provisions set out as notes under sections
‚ ‚ ‚  30111, 30115, 30118, 30123, and 30127 of this title] may be cited
‚ ‚ ‚  as the ‘Transportation Recall Enhancement, Accountability, and
‚ ‚ ‚  Documentation (TREAD) Act’.”

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  SHORT TITLE OF 1998 AMENDMENT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 105-178, title VII, Sec. 7101, June 9, 1998, 112 Stat.
‚ ‚ ‚  465, provided that: “This subtitle [subtitle A (Secs. 7101-7107) of
‚ ‚ ‚  title VII of Pub. L. 105-178, enacting section 30105 of this title,
‚ ‚ ‚  amending sections 30104, 30114, 30120, 30123, 30127, 32102, 32304,
‚ ‚ ‚  and 32705 of this title, and enacting provisions set out as notes
‚ ‚ ‚  under this section and sections 30114 and 30127 of this title] may
‚ ‚ ‚  be cited as the ‘National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
‚ ‚ ‚  Reauthorization Act of 1998’.”

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  SHORT TITLE OF 1996 AMENDMENT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 104-152, Sec. 1, July 2, 1996, 110 Stat. 1384, provided
‚ ‚ ‚  that: “This Act [amending sections 30501 to 30505 and 33109 of this
‚ ‚ ‚  title and enacting provisions set out as a note under section 30502
‚ ‚ ‚  of this title] may be cited as the ‘Anti-Car Theft Improvements Act
‚ ‚ ‚  of 1996’.”

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  SIDE-IMPACT CRASH PROTECTION RULEMAKING‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 109-59, title X, Sec. 10302, Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat.
‚ ‚ ‚  1940, provided that:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(a) Rulemaking. – The Secretary [of Transportation] shall
‚ ‚ ‚  complete a rulemaking proceeding under chapter 301 of title 49,
‚ ‚ ‚  United States Code, to establish a standard designed to enhance
‚ ‚ ‚  passenger motor vehicle occupant protection, in all seating
‚ ‚ ‚  positions, in side impact crashes. The Secretary shall issue a
‚ ‚ ‚  final rule by July 1, 2008.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(b) Deadlines. – If the Secretary determines that the deadline
‚ ‚ ‚  for a final rule under this section cannot be met, the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  shall –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) notify the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation and the House of Representatives Committee on
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Energy and Commerce and explain why that deadline cannot be met;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) establish a new deadline.”

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  VEHICLE BACKOVER AVOIDANCE TECHNOLOGY STUDY; NONTRAFFIC INCIDENT
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  DATA COLLECTION
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 109-59, title X, Secs. 10304, 10305, Aug. 10, 2005, 119
‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 1940, 1941, provided that:

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 10304. VEHICLE BACKOVER AVOIDANCE TECHNOLOGY STUDY.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(a) In General. – The Administrator of the National Highway
‚ ‚ ‚  Traffic Safety Administration shall conduct a study of effective
‚ ‚ ‚  methods for reducing the incidence of injury and death outside of
‚ ‚ ‚  parked passenger motor vehicles with a gross vehicle weight rating
‚ ‚ ‚  of not more than 10,000 pounds attributable to movement of such
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicles. The Administrator shall complete the study within 1 year
‚ ‚ ‚  after the date of enactment of this Act [Aug. 10, 2005] and report
‚ ‚ ‚  its findings to the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and
‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation and the House of Representatives Committee on Energy
‚ ‚ ‚  and Commerce not later than 15 months after the date of enactment
‚ ‚ ‚  of this Act.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(b) Specific Issues To Be Covered. – The study required by
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection (a) shall –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) include an analysis of backover prevention technology;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) identify, evaluate, and compare the available technologies
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  for detecting people or objects behind a motor vehicle with a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  gross vehicle weight rating of not more than 10,000 pounds for
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  their accuracy, effectiveness, cost, and feasibility for
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  installation; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(3) provide an estimate of cost savings that would result from
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  widespread use of backover prevention devices and technologies in
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicles with a gross vehicle weight rating of not more
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  than 10,000 pounds, including savings attributable to the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  prevention of –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(A) injuries and fatalities; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(B) damage to bumpers and other motor vehicle parts and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  damage to other objects.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 10305. NONTRAFFIC INCIDENT DATA COLLECTION.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(a) In General. – In conjunction with the study required in
‚ ‚ ‚  section 10304, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
‚ ‚ ‚  shall establish a method to collect and maintain data on the number
‚ ‚ ‚  and types of injuries and deaths involving motor vehicles with a
‚ ‚ ‚  gross vehicle weight rating of not more than 10,000 pounds in non-
‚ ‚ ‚  traffic incidents.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(b) Data Collection and Publication. – The Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation shall publish the data collected under subsection
‚ ‚ ‚  (a) no less frequently than biennially.”

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  STUDY ON INTERIOR DEVICE TO RELEASE TRUNK LID‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 105-178, title VII, Sec. 7106(e), June 9, 1998, 112 Stat.
‚ ‚ ‚  469, required the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration to
‚ ‚ ‚  conduct a study of the benefits to motor vehicle drivers of a
‚ ‚ ‚  regulation to require the installation in a motor vehicle of an
‚ ‚ ‚  interior device to release the trunk lid and to submit a report on
‚ ‚ ‚  the results of the study to the Committee on Commerce of the House
‚ ‚ ‚  of Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and
‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation of the Senate not later than 18 months after June 9,
‚ ‚ ‚  1998.

‚ ‚ ‚  NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION AUTHORIZATION ACT OF
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1991
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 102-240, title II, part B, Dec. 18, 1991, 105 Stat. 2081,
‚ ‚ ‚  as amended by Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 7(b), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat.
‚ ‚ ‚  1379, provided that:

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 2500. SHORT TITLE.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “This part may be cited as the ‘National Highway Traffic Safety
‚ ‚ ‚  Administration Authorization Act of 1991’.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “[SEC. 2501. Repealed. Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 7(b), July 5, 1994,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  108 Stat. 1379.]

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 2502. GENERAL PROVISIONS.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(a) Definitions. – As used in this part –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) the term ‘bus’ means a motor vehicle with motive power,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  except a trailer, designed for carrying more than 10 persons;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) the term ‘multipurpose passenger vehicle’ means a motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle with motive power (except a trailer), designed to carry
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  10 persons or fewer, which is constructed either on a truck
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  chassis or with special features for occasional off-road
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  operation;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(3) the term ‘passenger car’ means a motor vehicle with motive
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  power (except a multipurpose passenger vehicle, motorcycle, or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  trailer), designed for carrying 10 persons or fewer;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(4) the term ‘truck’ means a motor vehicle with motive power,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  except a trailer, designed primarily for the transportation of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  property or special purpose equipment; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(5) the term ‘Secretary’ means the Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(b) Procedure. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) In general. – Except as provided in paragraph (2), any
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  action taken under section 2503 shall be taken in accordance with
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the applicable provisions of the National Traffic and Motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Vehicle Safety Act of 1966 ([formerly] 15 U.S.C. 1381 et seq.).
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) Specific procedure. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(A) Initiation. – To initiate an action under section 2503,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary shall, not later than May 31, 1992, publish in
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the Federal Register an advance notice of proposed rulemaking
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  or a notice of proposed rulemaking, except that if the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary is unable to publish such a notice by such date, the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary shall by such date publish in the Federal Register a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  notice that the Secretary will begin such action by a certain
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  date which may not be later than January 31, 1993 and include
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  in such notice the reasons for the delay. A notice of delayed
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  action shall not be considered agency action subject to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  judicial review. If the Secretary publishes an advance notice
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of proposed rulemaking, the Secretary is not required to follow
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  such notice with a notice of proposed rulemaking if the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary determines on the basis of such advanced notice and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the comments received thereon that the contemplated action
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  should not be taken under the provisions of the National
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1966 ([formerly] 15
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  U.S.C. 1381 et seq.), including the provisions of section 103
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of such Act ([formerly] 15 U.S.C. 1392), and if the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  publishes the reasons for such determination consistent with
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  chapter 5 of title 5, United States Code.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(B) Completion. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(i) Period. – Action under paragraphs (1) through (4) of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  section 2503 which was begun under subparagraph (A) shall be
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  completed within 26 months of the date of publication of an
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  advance notice of proposed rulemaking or 18 months of the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  date of publication of a notice of proposed rulemaking. The
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary may extend for any reason the period for completion
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of a rulemaking initiated by the issuance of a notice of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  proposed rulemaking for not more than 6 months if the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary publishes the reasons for such extension. The
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  extension of such period shall not be considered agency
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  action subject to judicial review.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(ii) Action. – A rulemaking under paragraphs (1) through
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (4) of section 2503 shall be considered completed when the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary promulgates a final rule or when the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  decides not to promulgate a rule (which decision may include
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  deferral of the action or reinitiation of the action). The
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary may not decide against promulgation of a final rule
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  because of lack of time to complete rulemaking. Any such
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  rulemaking actions shall be published in the Federal
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Register, together with the reasons for such decisions,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  consistent with chapter 5 of title 5, United States Code, and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1966
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  [formerly 15 U.S.C. 1381 et seq.].
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(iii) Special rule. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(I) Period. – Action under paragraph (5) of section 2503
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  which was begun under subparagraph (A) shall be completed
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  within 24 months of the date of publication of an advance
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  notice of proposed rulemaking or a notice of proposed
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  rulemaking. If the Secretary determines that there is a need
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  for delay and if the public comment period is closed, the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary may extend the date for completion for not more
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  than 6 months and shall publish in the Federal Register a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  notice stating the reasons for the extension and setting a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  date certain for completion of the action. The extension of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the completion date shall not be considered agency action
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  subject to judicial review.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(II) Action. – A rulemaking under paragraph (5) of section
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  2503 shall be considered completed when the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  promulgates a final rule with standards on improved head
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  injury protection.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(C) Standard. – The Secretary may, as part of any action
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  taken under section 2503, amend any motor vehicle safety
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  standard or establish a new standard under the National Traffic
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  and Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1966 ([formerly] 15 U.S.C. 1381
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  et seq.).

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 2503. MATTERS BEFORE THE SECRETARY.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “The Secretary shall address the following matters in accordance
‚ ‚ ‚  with section 2502:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) Protection against unreasonable risk of rollovers of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  passenger cars, multipurpose passenger vehicles, and trucks with
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  a gross vehicle weight rating of 8,500 pounds or less and an
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  unloaded vehicle weight of 5,500 pounds or less.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) Extension of passenger car side impact protection to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  multipurpose passenger vehicles and trucks with a gross vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  weight rating of 8,500 pounds or less and an unloaded vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  weight of 5,500 pounds or less.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(3) Safety of child booster seats used in passenger cars and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  other appropriate motor vehicles.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(4) Improved design for safety belts.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(5) Improved head impact protection from interior components
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of passenger cars (i.e. roof rails, pillars, and front headers).

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “[SECS. 2504, 2505. Repealed. Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 7(b), July 5,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1994, 108 Stat. 1379.]

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 2506. REAR SEATBELTS.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “The Secretary shall expend such portion of the funds authorized
‚ ‚ ‚  to be appropriated under the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost
‚ ‚ ‚  Savings Act ([formerly] 15 U.S.C. 1901 et seq.), for fiscal year
‚ ‚ ‚  1993, as the Secretary deems necessary for the purpose of
‚ ‚ ‚  disseminating information to consumers regarding the manner in
‚ ‚ ‚  which passenger cars may be retrofitted with lap and shoulder rear
‚ ‚ ‚  seatbelts.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 2507. BRAKE PERFORMANCE STANDARDS FOR PASSENGER CARS.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “Not later than December 31, 1993, the Secretary, in accordance
‚ ‚ ‚  with the National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1966
‚ ‚ ‚  [formerly 15 U.S.C. 1381 et seq.], shall publish an advance notice
‚ ‚ ‚  of proposed rulemaking to consider the need for any additional
‚ ‚ ‚  brake performance standards for passenger cars, including antilock
‚ ‚ ‚  brake standards. The Secretary shall complete such rulemaking (in
‚ ‚ ‚  accordance with section 2502(b)(2)(B)(ii)) not later than 36 months
‚ ‚ ‚  from the date of initiation of such advance notice of proposed
‚ ‚ ‚  rulemaking. In order to facilitate and encourage innovation and
‚ ‚ ‚  early application of economical and effective antilock brake
‚ ‚ ‚  systems for all such vehicles, the Secretary shall, as part of the
‚ ‚ ‚  rulemaking, consider any such brake system adopted by a
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “[SEC. 2508. Repealed. Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 7(b), July 5, 1994,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  108 Stat. 1379.]

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 2509. HEAD INJURY IMPACT STUDY.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “The Secretary, in the case of any head injury protection matters
‚ ‚ ‚  not subject to section 2503(5) for which the Secretary is on the
‚ ‚ ‚  date of enactment of this Act [Dec. 18, 1991] examining the need
‚ ‚ ‚  for rulemaking and is conducting research, shall provide a report
‚ ‚ ‚  to Congress by the end of fiscal year 1993 identifying those
‚ ‚ ‚  matters and their status. The report shall include a statement of
‚ ‚ ‚  any actions planned toward initiating such rulemaking no later than
‚ ‚ ‚  fiscal year 1994 or 1995 through use of either an advance notice of
‚ ‚ ‚  proposed rulemaking or a notice of proposed rulemaking and
‚ ‚ ‚  completing such rulemaking as soon as possible thereafter.”

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  FUEL SYSTEM INTEGRITY STANDARD‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 93-492, title I, Sec. 108, Oct. 27, 1974, 88 Stat. 1482,
‚ ‚ ‚  provided that:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(a) Ratification of Standard. – Federal Motor Vehicle Safety
‚ ‚ ‚  Standard Number 301 (49 CFR 571.301-75; Docket No. 73-20, Notice 2)
‚ ‚ ‚  as published on March 21, 1974 (39 F.R. 10588-10590) shall take
‚ ‚ ‚  effect on the dates prescribed in such standard (as so published).
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(b) Amendment or Repeal of Standard. – The Secretary may amend
‚ ‚ ‚  the standard described in subsection (a) in order to correct
‚ ‚ ‚  technical errors in the standard, and may amend or repeal such
‚ ‚ ‚  standard if he determines such amendment or repeal will not
‚ ‚ ‚  diminish the level of motor vehicle safety.”
-EXEC-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  EX. ORD. NO. 11357. ADMINISTRATION OF TRAFFIC AND MOTOR VEHICLE
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  SAFETY THROUGH NATIONAL HIGHWAY SAFETY BUREAU AND ITS DIRECTOR
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Ex. Ord. No. 11357, June 6, 1967, 32 F.R. 8225, provided:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  By virtue of the authority vested in me as President of the
‚ ‚ ‚  United States by Section 201 of the Highway Safety Act of 1966, as
‚ ‚ ‚  amended (80 Stat. 735, 943) [set out as a note under section 401 of
‚ ‚ ‚  Title 23, Highways], and by Section 3(f)(3) of the Department of
‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation Act (80 Stat. 932) [former 49 U.S.C. 1652(f)(3)], it
‚ ‚ ‚  is hereby ordered that the provisions of the National Traffic and
‚ ‚ ‚  Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1966, as amended (80 Stat. 718, 943)
‚ ‚ ‚  [formerly 15 U.S.C. 1381 et seq.], shall be carried out through the
‚ ‚ ‚  National Highway Safety Bureau and the Director thereof.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Lyndon B. Johnson.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30102‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER I – GENERAL

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30102. Definitions

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) General Definitions. – In this chapter –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) “dealer” means a person selling and distributing new motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicles or motor vehicle equipment primarily to purchasers that
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  in good faith purchase the vehicles or equipment other than for
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  resale.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) “defect” includes any defect in performance, construction,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  a component, or material of a motor vehicle or motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  equipment.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) “distributor” means a person primarily selling and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  distributing motor vehicles or motor vehicle equipment for
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  resale.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (4) “interstate commerce” means commerce between a place in a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  State and a place in another State or between places in the same
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  State through another State.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (5) “manufacturer” means a person –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) manufacturing or assembling motor vehicles or motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle equipment; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) importing motor vehicles or motor vehicle equipment for
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  resale.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (6) “motor vehicle” means a vehicle driven or drawn by
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  mechanical power and manufactured primarily for use on public
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  streets, roads, and highways, but does not include a vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  operated only on a rail line.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (7) “motor vehicle equipment” means –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) any system, part, or component of a motor vehicle as
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  originally manufactured;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) any similar part or component manufactured or sold for
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  replacement or improvement of a system, part, or component, or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  as an accessory or addition to a motor vehicle; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (C) any device or an article or apparel (except medicine or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  eyeglasses prescribed by a licensed practitioner) that is not a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  system, part, or component of a motor vehicle and is
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  manufactured, sold, delivered, offered, or intended to be used
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  only to safeguard motor vehicles and highway users against risk
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of accident, injury, or death.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (8) “motor vehicle safety” means the performance of a motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle or motor vehicle equipment in a way that protects the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  public against unreasonable risk of accidents occurring because
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of the design, construction, or performance of a motor vehicle,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  and against unreasonable risk of death or injury in an accident,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  and includes nonoperational safety of a motor vehicle.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (9) “motor vehicle safety standard” means a minimum standard
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  for motor vehicle or motor vehicle equipment performance.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (10) “State” means a State of the United States, the District
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  American Samoa, and the Virgin Islands.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (11) “United States district court” means a district court of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the United States, a United States court for Guam, the Virgin
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Islands, and American Samoa, and the district court for the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Northern Mariana Islands.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Limited Definitions. – (1) In sections 30117(b), 30118-30121,
‚ ‚ ‚  and 30166(f) of this title –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) “adequate repair” does not include repair resulting in
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  substantially impaired operation of a motor vehicle or motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle equipment;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) “first purchaser” means the first purchaser of a motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle or motor vehicle equipment other than for resale;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (C) “original equipment” means motor vehicle equipment
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (including a tire) installed in or on a motor vehicle at the time
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of delivery to the first purchaser;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (D) “replacement equipment” means motor vehicle equipment
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (including a tire) that is not original equipment;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (E) a brand name owner of a tire marketed under a brand name
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  not owned by the manufacturer of the tire is deemed to be the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer of the tire;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (F) a defect in original equipment, or noncompliance of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  original equipment with a motor vehicle safety standard
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  prescribed under this chapter, is deemed to be a defect or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  noncompliance of the motor vehicle in or on which the equipment
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  was installed at the time of delivery to the first purchaser;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (G) a manufacturer of a motor vehicle in or on which original
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  equipment was installed when delivered to the first purchaser is
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  deemed to be the manufacturer of the equipment; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (H) a retreader of a tire is deemed to be the manufacturer of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the tire.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) The Secretary of Transportation may prescribe regulations
‚ ‚ ‚  changing paragraph (1)(C), (D), (F), or (G) of this subsection.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 941.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30102(a)(1)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1391(7).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 102(1)-(3),‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (5)-(9), (11), (12), 80‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 718, 719.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1391(10).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 102(10), 80‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 718; restated Oct.‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  27, 1974, Pub. L. 93-492,‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 110(a), 88 Stat. 1484.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  49‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Oct. 15, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  App.:1655(a)(6)(A).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-670, Sec. 6(a)(6)(A), 80
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 938.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30102(a)(2)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1391(11).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30102(a)(3)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1391(6).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30102(a)(4)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1391(9).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30102(a)(5)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1391(5).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30102(a)(6)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1391(3).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30102(a)(7)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1391(4).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 102(4), 80‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 718; restated May 22,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1970, Pub. L. 91-265, Sec.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  2, 84 Stat. 262.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30102(a)(8)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1391(1).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30102(a)(9)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1391(2).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30102(a)(10)‚ ‚ ‚  15:1391(8).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30102(a)(11)‚ ‚ ‚  15:1391(12).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30102(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1419.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  159; added Oct. 27, 1974,‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 93-492, Sec.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102(a), 88 Stat. 1476.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a), the definitions apply to the entire chapter
‚ ‚ ‚  because of references in 15:1421-1431 applying 15:1391-1420 to
‚ ‚ ‚  15:1421-1431. Before clause (1), the words “As used” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  surplus. In clause (1), the text of 15:1391(10) and 49
‚ ‚ ‚  App.:1655(a)(6)(A) is omitted as surplus because the complete name
‚ ‚ ‚  of the Secretary of Transportation is used the first time the term
‚ ‚ ‚  appears in a section. The words “selling and distributing” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “who is engaged in the sale and distribution of” to
‚ ‚ ‚  eliminate unnecessary words. The word “purposes” is omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  surplus. In clause (3), the words “selling and distributing” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “engaged in the sale and distribution of” to
‚ ‚ ‚  eliminate unnecessary words. In clause (5)(A), the words
‚ ‚ ‚  “manufacturing or assembling” are substituted for “engaged in the
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturing or assembling of” to eliminate unnecessary words. In
‚ ‚ ‚  clause (7), the words “physician or other duly” and “drivers,
‚ ‚ ‚  passengers, and other” are omitted as surplus. In clause (8), the
‚ ‚ ‚  words “is also protected” and “to persons” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  unnecessary. In clause (9), the words “which is practicable, which
‚ ‚ ‚  meets the need for motor vehicle safety and which provides
‚ ‚ ‚  objective criteria” are omitted as unnecessary because of
‚ ‚ ‚  15:1392(a) which is restated in section 30111 of the revised title.
‚ ‚ ‚  In clauses (10) and (11), the words “the Northern Mariana Islands”
‚ ‚ ‚  are added because of section 502(a)(2) of the Covenant to Establish
‚ ‚ ‚  a Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands in Political Union
‚ ‚ ‚  with the United States of America, as enacted by the Act of March
‚ ‚ ‚  24, 1976 (Public Law 94-241, 90 Stat. 268), and as proclaimed to be
‚ ‚ ‚  in effect by the President on January 9, 1978 (Proc. No. 4534, Oct.
‚ ‚ ‚  24, 1977, 42 F.R. 56593). The words “the Canal Zone” are omitted
‚ ‚ ‚  because of the Panama Canal Treaty of 1977. In clause (10), the
‚ ‚ ‚  word “means” is substituted for “includes” as being more
‚ ‚ ‚  appropriate. The words “a State of the United States” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “each of the several States” for consistency. The
‚ ‚ ‚  words “the Commonwealth of” are omitted as surplus. In clause (11),
‚ ‚ ‚  the word “Federal” is omitted as surplus. The words “of the
‚ ‚ ‚  Commonwealth of Puerto Rico” are omitted as unnecessary because the
‚ ‚ ‚  district court of Puerto Rico is a district court of the United
‚ ‚ ‚  States under 28:119.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(1), before clause (A), the words “The term” and
‚ ‚ ‚  “the term” are omitted as surplus. In clause (B), the words “of a
‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicle or motor vehicle equipment” are added for clarity. In
‚ ‚ ‚  clause (E), the words “to be” are added for consistency. The words
‚ ‚ ‚  “marketed under such brand name” are omitted as surplus. In clause
‚ ‚ ‚  (F), the words “a motor vehicle safety standard prescribed under
‚ ‚ ‚  this chapter” are added for clarity and consistency. The word
‚ ‚ ‚  “noncompliance” is substituted for “failure to comply” for
‚ ‚ ‚  consistency in the chapter. In clause (G), the words “(rather than
‚ ‚ ‚  the manufacturer of such equipment)” are omitted as surplus. The
‚ ‚ ‚  words “deemed to be” are substituted for “considered” for
‚ ‚ ‚  consistency. In clause (H), the words “which have been” are omitted
‚ ‚ ‚  as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsection (b)(2) is substituted for “Except as otherwise
‚ ‚ ‚  provided in regulations of the Secretary” for clarity and because
‚ ‚ ‚  of the restatement.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  LOW-SPEED ELECTRIC BICYCLES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 107-319, Sec. 2, Dec. 4, 2002, 116 Stat. 2776, provided
‚ ‚ ‚  that: “For purposes of motor vehicle safety standards issued and
‚ ‚ ‚  enforced pursuant to chapter 301 of title 49, United States Code, a
‚ ‚ ‚  low-speed electric bicycle (as defined in section 38(b) of the
‚ ‚ ‚  Consumer Product Safety Act [15 U.S.C. 2085(b)]) shall not be
‚ ‚ ‚  considered a motor vehicle as defined by section 30102(6) of title
‚ ‚ ‚  49, United States Code.”

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30103‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER I – GENERAL

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30103. Relationship to other laws

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Uniformity of Regulations. – The Secretary of Transportation
‚ ‚ ‚  may not prescribe a safety regulation related to a motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚  subject to subchapter I of chapter 135 of this title that differs
‚ ‚ ‚  from a motor vehicle safety standard prescribed under this chapter.
‚ ‚ ‚  However, the Secretary may prescribe, for a motor vehicle operated
‚ ‚ ‚  by a carrier subject to subchapter I of chapter 135, a safety
‚ ‚ ‚  regulation that imposes a higher standard of performance after
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacture than that required by an applicable standard in effect
‚ ‚ ‚  at the time of manufacture.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Preemption. – (1) When a motor vehicle safety standard is in
‚ ‚ ‚  effect under this chapter, a State or a political subdivision of a
‚ ‚ ‚  State may prescribe or continue in effect a standard applicable to
‚ ‚ ‚  the same aspect of performance of a motor vehicle or motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚  equipment only if the standard is identical to the standard
‚ ‚ ‚  prescribed under this chapter. However, the United States
‚ ‚ ‚  Government, a State, or a political subdivision of a State may
‚ ‚ ‚  prescribe a standard for a motor vehicle or motor vehicle equipment
‚ ‚ ‚  obtained for its own use that imposes a higher performance
‚ ‚ ‚  requirement than that required by the otherwise applicable standard
‚ ‚ ‚  under this chapter.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) A State may enforce a standard that is identical to a
‚ ‚ ‚  standard prescribed under this chapter.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Antitrust Laws. – This chapter does not –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) exempt from the antitrust laws conduct that is unlawful
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  under those laws; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) prohibit under the antitrust laws conduct that is lawful
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  under those laws.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d) Warranty Obligations and Additional Legal Rights and
‚ ‚ ‚  Remedies. – Sections 30117(b), 30118-30121, 30166(f), and 30167(a)
‚ ‚ ‚  and (b) of this title do not establish or affect a warranty
‚ ‚ ‚  obligation under a law of the United States or a State. A remedy
‚ ‚ ‚  under those sections and sections 30161 and 30162 of this title is
‚ ‚ ‚  in addition to other rights and remedies under other laws of the
‚ ‚ ‚  United States or a State.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (e) Common Law Liability. – Compliance with a motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚  safety standard prescribed under this chapter does not exempt a
‚ ‚ ‚  person from liability at common law.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 943; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  104-88, title III, Sec. 308(j), Dec. 29, 1995, 109 Stat. 947.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30103(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1392(g).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Secs. 103(g),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  105(a)(6), 116, 80 Stat.‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  720, 721, 727.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30103(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1392(d).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 103(d), 80‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 719; Oct. 15, 1982,‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 97-331, Sec. 3, 96‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 1619.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30103(c)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1405.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30103(d)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1394(a)(6).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1410a(e).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Secs.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  124(e), 160; added Oct. 27,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1974, Pub. L. 93-492, Secs.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102(a), 106, 88 Stat. 1477,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1481.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1420.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30103(e)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(k).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 108(k), 80‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 723; Oct. 31, 1988,‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 100-562, Sec. 2(b),
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102 Stat. 2818.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a), the words “or the Transportation of Explosives
‚ ‚ ‚  Act, as amended (18 U.S.C. 831-835)” are omitted as obsolete
‚ ‚ ‚  because 18:831-835 have been repealed. The word “prescribe” is
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “adopt” for consistency. The words “or continue in
‚ ‚ ‚  effect” and “In prescribing safety regulations” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  surplus. The word “prescribed” is substituted for “issued” for
‚ ‚ ‚  consistency. The words “to comply” and “Federal” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  surplus. The words “in effect” are added for clarity.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(1), the word “Federal” is omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚  The word “prescribe” is substituted for “either to establish, or to
‚ ‚ ‚  continue in effect” for consistency and to eliminate unnecessary
‚ ‚ ‚  words. The words “standard prescribed under this chapter” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “Federal standard” for clarity. The words “However,
‚ ‚ ‚  the United States . . . may prescribe” are substituted for “Nothing
‚ ‚ ‚  in this section shall be construed to prevent the Federal . . .
‚ ‚ ‚  from establishing” for consistency. The words “of a State” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “thereof” for clarity. The word “standard” is
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “safety requirement” for consistency. The words
‚ ‚ ‚  “performance requirement” are substituted for “standard of
‚ ‚ ‚  performance” to avoid using “standard” in 2 different ways.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsection (b)(2) is substituted for 15:1392(d) (2d sentence) for
‚ ‚ ‚  consistency and to eliminate unnecessary words.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c), the words “be deemed to” and “of the United
‚ ‚ ‚  States” are omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (d), the words “United States” are substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “Federal” in 15:1420 for consistency. The words “Consumer” in
‚ ‚ ‚  15:1420, “not in lieu of” in 15:1410a(e) and 1420, and “not in
‚ ‚ ‚  substitution for” in 15:1394(a)(6) are omitted as surplus. The word
‚ ‚ ‚  “other” is added for clarity.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  AMENDMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1995 – Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104-88 substituted “subchapter I of
‚ ‚ ‚  chapter 135” for “subchapter II of chapter 105” in two places.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1995 AMENDMENT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Amendment by Pub. L. 104-88 effective Jan. 1, 1996, see section 2
‚ ‚ ‚  of Pub. L. 104-88, set out as an Effective Date note under section
‚ ‚ ‚  701 of this title.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30104‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER I – GENERAL

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30104. Authorization of appropriations

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  There is authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  $98,313,500 for the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
‚ ‚ ‚  to carry out this part in each fiscal year beginning in fiscal year
‚ ‚ ‚  1999 and ending in fiscal year 2001.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 944; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  105-178, title VII, Sec. 7102(a), June 9, 1998, 112 Stat. 465; Pub.
‚ ‚ ‚  L. 106-39, Sec. 1(a), July 28, 1999, 113 Stat. 206.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30104‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1392 (note).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Dec. 18, 1991, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102-240, Sec. 2501(a), 105‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 2081.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In this section, before clause (1), the words “to the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  of Transportation for the National Highway Traffic Safety
‚ ‚ ‚  Administration” are substituted for “For the National Highway
‚ ‚ ‚  Traffic Safety Administration” for clarity and consistency in the
‚ ‚ ‚  revised title and with other titles of the United States Code. The
‚ ‚ ‚  reference to fiscal year 1992 is omitted as obsolete.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  AMENDMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1999 – Pub. L. 106-39 substituted “$98,313,500” for
‚ ‚ ‚  “$81,200,000”.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1998 – Pub. L. 105-178 reenacted section catchline without change
‚ ‚ ‚  and amended text generally. Prior to amendment, text read as
‚ ‚ ‚  follows: “The following amounts may be appropriated to the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary of Transportation for the National Highway Traffic Safety
‚ ‚ ‚  Administration to carry out this chapter:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) $71,333,436 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1993.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) $74,044,106 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1994.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(3) $76,857,782 for the fiscal year ending September 30,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1995.”

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30105‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER I – GENERAL

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30105. Restriction on lobbying activities

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) In General. – No funds appropriated to the Secretary for the
‚ ‚ ‚  National Highway Traffic Safety Administration shall be available
‚ ‚ ‚  for any activity specifically designed to urge a State or local
‚ ‚ ‚  legislator to favor or oppose the adoption of any specific
‚ ‚ ‚  legislative proposal pending before any State or local legislative
‚ ‚ ‚  body.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Appearance as Witness Not Barred. – Subsection (a) does not
‚ ‚ ‚  prohibit officers or employees of the United States from testifying
‚ ‚ ‚  before any State or local legislative body in response to the
‚ ‚ ‚  invitation of any member of that legislative body or a State
‚ ‚ ‚  executive office.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Added and amended Pub. L. 105-178, title VII, Sec. 7104(a), (c),
‚ ‚ ‚  June 9, 1998, 112 Stat. 466; Pub. L. 105-206, title IX, Sec.
‚ ‚ ‚  9012(a), July 22, 1998, 112 Stat. 864.)
-MISC1-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  AMENDMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1998 – Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 105-178, Sec. 7104(c), as added by
‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 105-206, inserted “for the National Highway Traffic Safety
‚ ‚ ‚  Administration” after “Secretary”.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1998 AMENDMENT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Title IX of Pub. L. 105-206 effective simultaneously with
‚ ‚ ‚  enactment of Pub. L. 105-178 and to be treated as included in Pub.
‚ ‚ ‚  L. 105-178 at time of enactment, and provisions of Pub. L. 105-178,
‚ ‚ ‚  as in effect on day before July 22, 1998, that are amended by title
‚ ‚ ‚  IX of Pub. L. 105-206 to be treated as not enacted, see section
‚ ‚ ‚  9016 of Pub. L. 105-206, set out as a note under section 101 of
‚ ‚ ‚  Title 23, Highways.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30106‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER I – GENERAL

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30106. Rented or leased motor vehicle safety and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  responsibility

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) In General. – An owner of a motor vehicle that rents or
‚ ‚ ‚  leases the vehicle to a person (or an affiliate of the owner) shall
‚ ‚ ‚  not be liable under the law of any State or political subdivision
‚ ‚ ‚  thereof, by reason of being the owner of the vehicle (or an
‚ ‚ ‚  affiliate of the owner), for harm to persons or property that
‚ ‚ ‚  results or arises out of the use, operation, or possession of the
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle during the period of the rental or lease, if –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) the owner (or an affiliate of the owner) is engaged in the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  trade or business of renting or leasing motor vehicles; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) there is no negligence or criminal wrongdoing on the part
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of the owner (or an affiliate of the owner).

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Financial Responsibility Laws. – Nothing in this section
‚ ‚ ‚  supersedes the law of any State or political subdivision thereof –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) imposing financial responsibility or insurance standards on
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the owner of a motor vehicle for the privilege of registering and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  operating a motor vehicle; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) imposing liability on business entities engaged in the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  trade or business of renting or leasing motor vehicles for
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  failure to meet the financial responsibility or liability
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  insurance requirements under State law.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Applicability and Effective Date. – Notwithstanding any other
‚ ‚ ‚  provision of law, this section shall apply with respect to any
‚ ‚ ‚  action commenced on or after the date of enactment of this section
‚ ‚ ‚  without regard to whether the harm that is the subject of the
‚ ‚ ‚  action, or the conduct that caused the harm, occurred before such
‚ ‚ ‚  date of enactment.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d) Definitions. – In this section, the following definitions
‚ ‚ ‚  apply:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) Affiliate. – The term “affiliate” means a person other than
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the owner that directly or indirectly controls, is controlled by,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  or is under common control with the owner. In the preceding
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence, the term “control” means the power to direct the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  management and policies of a person whether through ownership of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  voting securities or otherwise.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) Owner. – The term “owner” means a person who is –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) a record or beneficial owner, holder of title, lessor, or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  lessee of a motor vehicle;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) entitled to the use and possession of a motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  subject to a security interest in another person; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (C) a lessor, lessee, or a bailee of a motor vehicle, in the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  trade or business of renting or leasing motor vehicles, having
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the use or possession thereof, under a lease, bailment, or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  otherwise.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) Person. – The term “person” means any individual,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  corporation, company, limited liability company, trust,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  association, firm, partnership, society, joint stock company, or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  any other entity.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Added Pub. L. 109-59, title X, Sec. 10208(a), Aug. 10, 2005, 119
‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 1935.)

-REFTEXT-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  REFERENCES IN TEXT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  The date of enactment of this section, referred to in subsec.
‚ ‚ ‚  (c), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 109-59, which was approved
‚ ‚ ‚  Aug. 10, 2005.

-End-
-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC SUBCHAPTER II – STANDARDS AND COMPLIANCE‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER II – STANDARDS AND COMPLIANCE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER II – STANDARDS AND COMPLIANCE‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30111‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER II – STANDARDS AND COMPLIANCE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30111. Standards

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) General Requirements. – The Secretary of Transportation shall
‚ ‚ ‚  prescribe motor vehicle safety standards. Each standard shall be
‚ ‚ ‚  practicable, meet the need for motor vehicle safety, and be stated
‚ ‚ ‚  in objective terms.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Considerations and Consultation. – When prescribing a motor
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle safety standard under this chapter, the Secretary shall –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) consider relevant available motor vehicle safety
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  information;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) consult with the agency established under the Act of August
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  20, 1958 (Public Law 85-684, 72 Stat. 635), and other appropriate
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  State or interstate authorities (including legislative
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  committees);
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) consider whether a proposed standard is reasonable,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  practicable, and appropriate for the particular type of motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle or motor vehicle equipment for which it is prescribed;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (4) consider the extent to which the standard will carry out
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  section 30101 of this title.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Cooperation. – The Secretary may advise, assist, and
‚ ‚ ‚  cooperate with departments, agencies, and instrumentalities of the
‚ ‚ ‚  United States Government, States, and other public and private
‚ ‚ ‚  agencies in developing motor vehicle safety standards.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d) Effective Dates of Standards. – The Secretary shall specify
‚ ‚ ‚  the effective date of a motor vehicle safety standard prescribed
‚ ‚ ‚  under this chapter in the order prescribing the standard. A
‚ ‚ ‚  standard may not become effective before the 180th day after the
‚ ‚ ‚  standard is prescribed or later than one year after it is
‚ ‚ ‚  prescribed. However, the Secretary may prescribe a different
‚ ‚ ‚  effective date after finding, for good cause shown, that a
‚ ‚ ‚  different effective date is in the public interest and publishing
‚ ‚ ‚  the reasons for the finding.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (e) 5-Year Plan for Testing Standards. – The Secretary shall
‚ ‚ ‚  establish and periodically review and update on a continuing basis
‚ ‚ ‚  a 5-year plan for testing motor vehicle safety standards prescribed
‚ ‚ ‚  under this chapter that the Secretary considers capable of being
‚ ‚ ‚  tested. In developing the plan and establishing testing priorities,
‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary shall consider factors the Secretary considers
‚ ‚ ‚  appropriate, consistent with section 30101 of this title and the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary’s other duties and powers under this chapter. The
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary may change at any time those priorities to address
‚ ‚ ‚  matters the Secretary considers of greater priority. The initial
‚ ‚ ‚  plan may be the 5-year plan for compliance testing in effect on
‚ ‚ ‚  December 18, 1991.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 944.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30111(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1392(a), (b),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (e) (1st sentence).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Secs. 102(13),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  103(a)-(c), (e), (f), 107‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to standards), 80‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 719, 721.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30111(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1391(13).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1392(f).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30111(c)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1396 (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  standards).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30111(d)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1392(c), (e)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (last sentence).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30111(e)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1392(j).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  103(j); added Dec. 18, 1991,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 102-240, Sec. 2505,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  105 Stat. 2084.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a), the words “shall prescribe” are substituted
‚ ‚ ‚  for “shall establish by order” in 15:1392(a) and “may by order” in
‚ ‚ ‚  15:1392(e) (1st sentence) for consistency. The words “amend or
‚ ‚ ‚  revoke” in 15:1392(e) (1st sentence) and 1397(b)(1) (last sentence)
‚ ‚ ‚  are omitted because they are included in “prescribe”. The words
‚ ‚ ‚  “appropriate Federal” in 15:1392(a) and “Federal” in 15:1392(e)
‚ ‚ ‚  (1st sentence) are omitted as surplus. The words “established under
‚ ‚ ‚  this section” are omitted because of the restatement. The text of
‚ ‚ ‚  15:1392(b) is omitted as surplus because 5:chs. 5, subch. II, and 7
‚ ‚ ‚  apply unless otherwise stated.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(1), the words “including the results of
‚ ‚ ‚  research, development, testing and evaluation activities conducted
‚ ‚ ‚  pursuant to this chapter” are omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(2), the words “agency established under the Act
‚ ‚ ‚  of August 20, 1958 (Public Law 85-684, 72 Stat. 635)” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for 15:1391(13) and “the Vehicle Equipment Safety
‚ ‚ ‚  Commission” in 15:1392(f) because of the restatement. The citation
‚ ‚ ‚  in parenthesis is included only for information purposes.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(4), the words “contribute to” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c), the words “departments, agencies, and
‚ ‚ ‚  instrumentalities of the United States Government, States, and
‚ ‚ ‚  other public and private agencies” are substituted for “other
‚ ‚ ‚  Federal departments and agencies, and State and other interested
‚ ‚ ‚  public and private agencies” for consistency. The words “planning
‚ ‚ ‚  and” are omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (d), the words “The Secretary” are added for
‚ ‚ ‚  clarity. The words “effective date” are substituted for “the date .
‚ ‚ ‚  . . is to take effect” to eliminate unnecessary words. The words
‚ ‚ ‚  “under this chapter” are added for clarity. The words “However, the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary may prescribe a different effective date” are substituted
‚ ‚ ‚  for “unless the Secretary” for clarity. The word “different” is
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “earlier or later” to eliminate unnecessary words.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (e), the words “duties and powers” are substituted
‚ ‚ ‚  for “responsibilities”, and the word “change” is substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “adjust”, and for clarity and consistency in the revised title.

-REFTEXT-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  REFERENCES IN TEXT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Act of August 20, 1958, referred to in subsec. (b)(2), is set out
‚ ‚ ‚  as a note under former section 313 of Title 23, Highways.
-MISC2-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  PEDESTRIAN SAFETY ENHANCEMENT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 111-373, Jan. 4, 2011, 124 Stat. 4086, provided that:

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “This Act may be cited as the ‘Pedestrian Safety Enhancement Act
‚ ‚ ‚  of 2010’.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 2. DEFINITIONS.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “As used in this Act –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) the term ‘Secretary’ means the Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) the term ‘alert sound’ (herein referred to as the ‘sound’)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  means a vehicle-emitted sound to enable pedestrians to discern
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle presence, direction, location, and operation;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(3) the term ‘cross-over speed’ means the speed at which tire
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  noise, wind resistance, or other factors eliminate the need for a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  separate alert sound as determined by the Secretary;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(4) the term ‘motor vehicle’ has the meaning given such term
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  in section 30102(a)(6) of title 49, United States Code, except
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  that such term shall not include a trailer (as such term is
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  defined in section 571.3 of title 49, Code of Federal
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Regulations);
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(5) the term ‘conventional motor vehicle’ means a motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle powered by a gasoline, diesel, or alternative fueled
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  internal combustion engine as its sole means of propulsion;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(6) the term ‘manufacturer’ has the meaning given such term in
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  section 30102(a)(5) of title 49, United States Code;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(7) the term ‘dealer’ has the meaning given such term in
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  section 30102(a)(1) of title 49, United States Code;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(8) the term ‘defect’ has the meaning given such term in
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  section 30102(a)(2) of title 49, United States Code;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(9) the term ‘hybrid vehicle’ means a motor vehicle which has
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  more than one means of propulsion; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(10) the term ‘electric vehicle’ means a motor vehicle with an
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  electric motor as its sole means of propulsion.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 3. MINIMUM SOUND REQUIREMENT FOR MOTOR VEHICLES.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(a) Rulemaking Required. – Not later than 18 months after the
‚ ‚ ‚  date of enactment of this Act [Jan. 4, 2011] the Secretary shall
‚ ‚ ‚  initiate rulemaking, under section 30111 of title 49, United States
‚ ‚ ‚  Code, to promulgate a motor vehicle safety standard –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) establishing performance requirements for an alert sound
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  that allows blind and other pedestrians to reasonably detect a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  nearby electric or hybrid vehicle operating below the cross-over
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  speed, if any; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) requiring new electric or hybrid vehicles to provide an
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  alert sound conforming to the requirements of the motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  safety standard established under this subsection.
‚ ‚ ‚  “The motor vehicle safety standard established under this
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection shall not require either driver or pedestrian activation
‚ ‚ ‚  of the alert sound and shall allow the pedestrian to reasonably
‚ ‚ ‚  detect a nearby electric or hybrid vehicle in critical operating
‚ ‚ ‚  scenarios including, but not limited to, constant speed,
‚ ‚ ‚  accelerating, or decelerating. The Secretary shall allow
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturers to provide each vehicle with one or more sounds that
‚ ‚ ‚  comply with the motor vehicle safety standard at the time of
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacture. Further, the Secretary shall require manufacturers to
‚ ‚ ‚  provide, within reasonable manufacturing tolerances, the same sound
‚ ‚ ‚  or set of sounds for all vehicles of the same make and model and
‚ ‚ ‚  shall prohibit manufacturers from providing any mechanism for
‚ ‚ ‚  anyone other than the manufacturer or the dealer to disable, alter,
‚ ‚ ‚  replace, or modify the sound or set of sounds, except that the
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer or dealer may alter, replace, or modify the sound or
‚ ‚ ‚  set of sounds in order to remedy a defect or non-compliance with
‚ ‚ ‚  the motor vehicle safety standard. The Secretary shall promulgate
‚ ‚ ‚  the required motor vehicle safety standard pursuant to this
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection not later than 36 months after the date of enactment of
‚ ‚ ‚  this Act.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(b) Consideration. – When conducting the required rulemaking,
‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary shall –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) determine the minimum level of sound emitted from a motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle that is necessary to provide blind and other pedestrians
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  with the information needed to reasonably detect a nearby
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  electric or hybrid vehicle operating at or below the cross-over
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  speed, if any;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) determine the performance requirements for an alert sound
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  that is recognizable to a pedestrian as a motor vehicle in
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  operation; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(3) consider the overall community noise impact.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(c) Phase-in Required. – The motor vehicle safety standard
‚ ‚ ‚  prescribed pursuant to subsection (a) of this section shall
‚ ‚ ‚  establish a phase-in period for compliance, as determined by the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary, and shall require full compliance with the required
‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicle safety standard for motor vehicles manufactured on or
‚ ‚ ‚  after September 1st of the calendar year that begins 3 years after
‚ ‚ ‚  the date on which the final rule is issued.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(d) Required Consultation. – When conducting the required study
‚ ‚ ‚  and rulemaking, the Secretary shall –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) consult with the Environmental Protection Agency to assure
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  that the motor vehicle safety standard is consistent with
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  existing noise requirements overseen by the Agency;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) consult consumer groups representing individuals who are
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  blind;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(3) consult with automobile manufacturers and professional
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  organizations representing them;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(4) consult technical standardization organizations
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  responsible for measurement methods such as the Society of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Automotive Engineers, the International Organization for
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Standardization, and the United Nations Economic Commission for
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Europe, World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(e) Required Study and Report to Congress. – Not later than 48
‚ ‚ ‚  months after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall
‚ ‚ ‚  complete a study and report to Congress as to whether there exists
‚ ‚ ‚  a safety need to apply the motor vehicle safety standard required
‚ ‚ ‚  by subsection (a) to conventional motor vehicles. In the event that
‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary determines there exists a safety need, the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  shall initiate rulemaking under section 30111 of title 49, United
‚ ‚ ‚  States Code, to extend the standard to conventional motor vehicles.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 4. FUNDING.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “Notwithstanding any other provision of law, $2,000,000 of any
‚ ‚ ‚  amounts made available to the Secretary of Transportation under
‚ ‚ ‚  under section 406 of title 23, United States Code, shall be made
‚ ‚ ‚  available to the Administrator of the National Highway
‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation Safety Administration for carrying out section 3 of
‚ ‚ ‚  this Act.”

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  CHILD SAFETY STANDARDS FOR MOTOR VEHICLES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 110-189, Feb. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 639, provided that:

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “This Act may be cited as the ‘Cameron Gulbransen Kids
‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation Safety Act of 2007’ or the ‘K.T. Safety Act of
‚ ‚ ‚  2007’.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 2. RULEMAKING REGARDING CHILD SAFETY.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(a) Power Window Safety. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) Consideration of rule. – Not later than 18 months after
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the date of the enactment of this Act [Feb. 28, 2008], the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary of Transportation (referred to in this Act as the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  ‘Secretary’) shall initiate a rulemaking to consider prescribing
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  or amending Federal motor vehicle safety standards to require
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  power windows and panels on motor vehicles to automatically
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  reverse direction when such power windows and panels detect an
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  obstruction to prevent children and others from being trapped,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  injured, or killed.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) Deadline for decision. – If the Secretary determines such
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  safety standards are reasonable, practicable, and appropriate,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary shall prescribe, under section 30111 of title 49,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  United States Code, the safety standards described in paragraph
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) not later than 30 months after the date of enactment of this
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Act. If the Secretary determines that no additional safety
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  standards are reasonable, practicable, and appropriate, the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary shall –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(A) not later than 30 months after the date of enactment of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  this Act, transmit a report to the Committee on Energy and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Commerce of the House of Representatives and the Committee on
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate describing
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the reasons such standards were not prescribed; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(B) publish and otherwise make available to the public
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  through the Internet and other means (such as the ‘Buying a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Safer Car’ brochure) information regarding which vehicles are
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  or are not equipped with power windows and panels that
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  automatically reverse direction when an obstruction is
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  detected.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(b) Rearward Visibility. – Not later than 12 months after the
‚ ‚ ‚  date of the enactment of this Act [Feb. 28, 2008], the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  shall initiate a rulemaking to revise Federal Motor Vehicle Safety
‚ ‚ ‚  Standard 111 (FMVSS 111) to expand the required field of view to
‚ ‚ ‚  enable the driver of a motor vehicle to detect areas behind the
‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicle to reduce death and injury resulting from backing
‚ ‚ ‚  incidents, particularly incidents involving small children and
‚ ‚ ‚  disabled persons. The Secretary may prescribe different
‚ ‚ ‚  requirements for different types of motor vehicles to expand the
‚ ‚ ‚  required field of view to enable the driver of a motor vehicle to
‚ ‚ ‚  detect areas behind the motor vehicle to reduce death and injury
‚ ‚ ‚  resulting from backing incidents, particularly incidents involving
‚ ‚ ‚  small children and disabled persons. Such standard may be met by
‚ ‚ ‚  the provision of additional mirrors, sensors, cameras, or other
‚ ‚ ‚  technology to expand the driver’s field of view. The Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  shall prescribe final standards pursuant to this subsection not
‚ ‚ ‚  later than 36 months after the date of enactment of this Act.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(c) Phase-In Period. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) Phase-in period required. – The safety standards
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  prescribed pursuant to subsections (a) and (b) shall establish a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  phase-in period for compliance, as determined by the Secretary,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  and require full compliance with the safety standards not later
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  than 48 months after the date on which the final rule is issued.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) Phase-in priorities. – In establishing the phase-in period
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of the rearward visibility safety standards required under
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  subsection (b), the Secretary shall consider whether to require
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the phase-in according to different types of motor vehicles based
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  on data demonstrating the frequency by which various types of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicles have been involved in backing incidents resulting
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  in injury or death. If the Secretary determines that any type of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicle should be given priority, the Secretary shall issue
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  regulations that specify –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(A) which type or types of motor vehicles shall be phased-in
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  first; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(B) the percentages by which such motor vehicles shall be
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  phased-in.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(d) Preventing Motor Vehicles From Rolling Away. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) Requirement. – Each motor vehicle with an automatic
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  transmission that includes a ‘park’ position manufactured for
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sale after September 1, 2010, shall be equipped with a system
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  that requires the service brake to be depressed before the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  transmission can be shifted out of ‘park’. This system shall
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  function in any starting system key position in which the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  transmission can be shifted out of ‘park’.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) Treatment as motor vehicle safety standard. – A violation
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of paragraph (1) shall be treated as a violation of a motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle safety standard prescribed under section 30111 of title
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  49, United States Code, and shall be subject to enforcement by
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary under chapter 301 of such title.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(3) Publication of noncompliant vehicles. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(A) Information submission. – Not later than 60 days after
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the date of the enactment of this Act [Feb. 28, 2008], for the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  current model year and annually thereafter through 2010, each
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicle manufacturer shall transmit to the Secretary the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  make and model of motor vehicles with automatic transmissions
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  that include a ‘park’ position that do not comply with the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  requirements of paragraph (1).
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(B) Publication. – Not later than 30 days after receiving
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the information submitted under subparagraph (A), the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  shall publish and otherwise make available to the public
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  through the Internet and other means the make and model of the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  applicable motor vehicles that do not comply with the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  requirements of paragraph (1). Any motor vehicle not included
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  in the publication under this subparagraph shall be presumed to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  comply with such requirements.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(e) Definition of Motor Vehicle. – As used in this Act and for
‚ ‚ ‚  purposes of the motor vehicle safety standards described in
‚ ‚ ‚  subsections (a) and (b), the term ‘motor vehicle’ has the meaning
‚ ‚ ‚  given such term in section 30102(a)(6) of title 49, United States
‚ ‚ ‚  Code, except that such term shall not include –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) a motorcycle or trailer (as such terms are defined in
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  section 571.3 of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations); or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) any motor vehicle that is rated at more than 10,000 pounds
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  gross vehicular weight.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(f) Database on Injuries and Deaths in Nontraffic, Noncrash
‚ ‚ ‚  Events. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) In general. – Not later than 12 months after the date of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the enactment of this Act [Feb. 28, 2008], the Secretary shall
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  establish and maintain a database of injuries and deaths in
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  nontraffic, noncrash events involving motor vehicles.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) Contents. – The database established pursuant to paragraph
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) shall include information regarding –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(A) the number, types, and causes of injuries and deaths
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  resulting from the events described in paragraph (1);
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(B) the make, model, and model year of motor vehicles
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  involved in such events, when practicable; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(C) other variables that the Secretary determines will
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  enhance the value of the database.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(3) Availability. – The Secretary shall make the information
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  contained in the database established pursuant to paragraph (1)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  available to the public through the Internet and other means.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 3. CHILD SAFETY INFORMATION PROGRAM.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(a) In General. – Not later than 9 months after the date of the
‚ ‚ ‚  enactment of this Act [Feb. 28, 2008], the Secretary shall provide
‚ ‚ ‚  information about hazards to children in nontraffic, noncrash
‚ ‚ ‚  incident situations by –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) supplementing an existing consumer information program
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  relating to child safety; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) creating a new consumer information program relating to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  child safety.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(b) Program Requirements. – In carrying out the program under
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection (a), the Secretary shall –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) utilize information collected pursuant to section 2(f)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  regarding nontraffic, noncrash injuries, and other relevant data
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary considers appropriate, to establish priorities for
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the program;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) address ways in which parents and caregivers can reduce
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  risks to small children arising from back over incidents,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  hyperthermia in closed motor vehicles, accidental actuation of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  power windows, and any other risks the Secretary determines
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  should be addressed; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(3) make information related to the program available to the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  public through the Internet and other means.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 4. DEADLINES.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “If the Secretary determines that the deadlines applicable under
‚ ‚ ‚  this Act cannot be met, the Secretary shall –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) establish new deadlines; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) notify the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation of the Senate of the new deadlines and describing
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the reasons the deadlines specified under this Act could not be
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  met.”

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  IMPROVING CRITERIA USED IN A RECALL‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 106-414, Sec. 15, Nov. 1, 2000, 114 Stat. 1808, provided
‚ ‚ ‚  that:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(a) Review of Standards and Criteria Used in Opening a Defect or
‚ ‚ ‚  Noncompliance Investigation. – The Secretary shall, not later than
‚ ‚ ‚  30 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 1, 2000],
‚ ‚ ‚  undertake a comprehensive review of all standards, criteria,
‚ ‚ ‚  procedures, and methods, including data management and analysis
‚ ‚ ‚  used by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration in
‚ ‚ ‚  determining whether to open a defect or noncompliance investigation
‚ ‚ ‚  pursuant to subchapter II or IV of chapter 301 of title 49, United
‚ ‚ ‚  States Code, and shall undertake such steps as may be necessary to
‚ ‚ ‚  update and improve such standards, criteria, procedures, or
‚ ‚ ‚  methods, including data management and analysis.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(b) Report to Congress. – Not later than 1 year after the date
‚ ‚ ‚  of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 1, 2000], the Secretary shall
‚ ‚ ‚  transmit to the Committee on Commerce [now Committee on Energy and
‚ ‚ ‚  Commerce] of the House of Representatives and the Committee on
‚ ‚ ‚  Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate a report
‚ ‚ ‚  describing the Secretary’s findings and actions under subsection
‚ ‚ ‚  (a).”

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30112‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER II – STANDARDS AND COMPLIANCE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30112. Prohibitions on manufacturing, selling, and importing
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  noncomplying motor vehicles and equipment

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) General. – (1) Except as provided in this section, sections
‚ ‚ ‚  30113 and 30114 of this title, and subchapter III of this chapter,
‚ ‚ ‚  a person may not manufacture for sale, sell, offer for sale,
‚ ‚ ‚  introduce or deliver for introduction in interstate commerce, or
‚ ‚ ‚  import into the United States, any motor vehicle or motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚  equipment manufactured on or after the date an applicable motor
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle safety standard prescribed under this chapter takes effect
‚ ‚ ‚  unless the vehicle or equipment complies with the standard and is
‚ ‚ ‚  covered by a certification issued under section 30115 of this
‚ ‚ ‚  title.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) Except as provided in this section, sections 30113 and 30114
‚ ‚ ‚  of this title, and subchapter III of this chapter, a school or
‚ ‚ ‚  school system may not purchase or lease a new 15-passenger van if
‚ ‚ ‚  it will be used significantly by, or on behalf of, the school or
‚ ‚ ‚  school system to transport preprimary, primary, or secondary school
‚ ‚ ‚  students to or from school or an event related to school, unless
‚ ‚ ‚  the 15-passenger van complies with the motor vehicle standards
‚ ‚ ‚  prescribed for school buses and multifunction school activity buses
‚ ‚ ‚  under this title. This paragraph does not apply to the purchase or
‚ ‚ ‚  lease of a 15-passenger van under a contract executed before the
‚ ‚ ‚  date of enactment of this paragraph.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Nonapplication. – This section does not apply to –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) the sale, offer for sale, or introduction or delivery for
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  introduction in interstate commerce of a motor vehicle or motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle equipment after the first purchase of the vehicle or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  equipment in good faith other than for resale;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) a person –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) establishing that the person had no reason to know,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  despite exercising reasonable care, that a motor vehicle or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicle equipment does not comply with applicable motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle safety standards prescribed under this chapter; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) holding, without knowing about the noncompliance and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  before the vehicle or equipment is first purchased in good
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  faith other than for resale, a certificate issued by a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer or importer stating the vehicle or equipment
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  complies with applicable standards prescribed under this
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  chapter;

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) a motor vehicle or motor vehicle equipment intended only
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  for export, labeled for export on the vehicle or equipment and on
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the outside of any container of the vehicle or equipment, and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  exported;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (4) a motor vehicle the Secretary of Transportation decides
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  under section 30141 of this title is capable of complying with
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  applicable standards prescribed under this chapter;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (5) a motor vehicle imported for personal use by an individual
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  who receives an exemption under section 30142 of this title;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (6) a motor vehicle under section 30143 of this title imported
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  by an individual employed outside the United States;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (7) a motor vehicle under section 30144 of this title imported
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  on a temporary basis;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (8) a motor vehicle or item of motor vehicle equipment under
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  section 30145 of this title requiring further manufacturing; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (9) a motor vehicle that is at least 25 years old.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 945; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  109-59, title X, Sec. 10309(b), Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1942.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30112(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(A).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 108(a)(1)(A),‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  80 Stat. 722; Oct. 27, 1974,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 93-492, Sec.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  103(a)(1), 88 Stat. 1477;‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Oct. 31, 1988, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  100-562, Sec. 2(c), (d), 102
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 2824.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(c)(1).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  108(c)(1), (i); added Oct.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  31, 1988, Pub. L. 100-562,‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 2(b), 102 Stat. 2818,‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  2823.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30112(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(2)(D),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1)-(3)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b)(1) (1st‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 108(a)(2)(D),‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence), (2).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b)(1) (1st sentence), (2),
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  80 Stat. 722; Oct. 27, 1974,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 93-492, Sec.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  103(a)(1), 88 Stat. 1477,‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1478.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(b)(3).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 108(b)(3), 80‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 723; Oct. 27, 1974,‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 93-492, Sec.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  103(a)(1)(B), 88 Stat. 1478;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Oct. 31, 1988, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  100-562, Sec. 2(a), 102‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 2818.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30112(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (no source).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (4)-(8)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30112(b)(9)‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(i).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a), the words “Except as provided in this section
‚ ‚ ‚  . . . and subchapter III of this chapter” are substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(c)(1) to eliminate unnecessary words and because of the
‚ ‚ ‚  restatement. The reference to section 30113 is added for clarity.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b), before clause (1), the text of
‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(2)(D) is omitted as obsolete because under section 30124
‚ ‚ ‚  of the revised title a standard prescribed under this chapter may
‚ ‚ ‚  not allow compliance by use of a safety belt interlock or a
‚ ‚ ‚  continuous buzzer. In clause (2)(A), the words “despite exercising
‚ ‚ ‚  reasonable care” are substituted for “in the exercise of due care”
‚ ‚ ‚  for clarity and consistency in the revised title. The words “motor
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle safety standards prescribed under this chapter” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “Federal motor vehicle safety standards” for
‚ ‚ ‚  clarity and consistency in this chapter. In clause (2)(B), the
‚ ‚ ‚  words “without knowing about the noncompliance” are substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “unless such person knows that such vehicle or equipment does not
‚ ‚ ‚  so conform” to eliminate unnecessary words and for consistency in
‚ ‚ ‚  the revised title. Clauses (4)-(8) are added to provide cross-
‚ ‚ ‚  references to sections restating exceptions to the general rule
‚ ‚ ‚  restated in subsection (a) of this section.

-REFTEXT-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  REFERENCES IN TEXT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  The date of enactment of this paragraph, referred to in subsec.
‚ ‚ ‚  (a)(2), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 109-59, which was
‚ ‚ ‚  approved Aug. 10, 2005.
-MISC2-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  AMENDMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  2005 – Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 109-59, which directed amendment of
‚ ‚ ‚  section 30112(a), without specifying the title to be amended, by
‚ ‚ ‚  designating existing provisions as par. (1) and adding par. (2),
‚ ‚ ‚  was executed to this section, to reflect the probable intent of
‚ ‚ ‚  Congress.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30113‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER II – STANDARDS AND COMPLIANCE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30113. General exemptions

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Definition. – In this section, “low-emission motor vehicle”
‚ ‚ ‚  means a motor vehicle meeting the standards for new motor vehicles
‚ ‚ ‚  applicable to the vehicle under section 202 of the Clean Air Act
‚ ‚ ‚  (42 U.S.C. 7521) when the vehicle is manufactured and emitting an
‚ ‚ ‚  air pollutant in an amount significantly below one of those
‚ ‚ ‚  standards.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Authority To Exempt and Procedures. – (1) The Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation may exempt, on a temporary basis, motor vehicles
‚ ‚ ‚  from a motor vehicle safety standard prescribed under this chapter
‚ ‚ ‚  or passenger motor vehicles from a bumper standard prescribed under
‚ ‚ ‚  chapter 325 of this title, on terms the Secretary considers
‚ ‚ ‚  appropriate. An exemption may be renewed. A renewal may be granted
‚ ‚ ‚  only on reapplication and must conform to the requirements of this
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) The Secretary may begin a proceeding under this subsection
‚ ‚ ‚  when a manufacturer applies for an exemption or a renewal of an
‚ ‚ ‚  exemption. The Secretary shall publish notice of the application
‚ ‚ ‚  and provide an opportunity to comment. An application for an
‚ ‚ ‚  exemption or for a renewal of an exemption shall be filed at a time
‚ ‚ ‚  and in the way, and contain information, this section and the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary require.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) The Secretary may act under this subsection on finding that –
‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) an exemption is consistent with the public interest and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  this chapter or chapter 325 of this title (as applicable); and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B)(i) compliance with the standard would cause substantial
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  economic hardship to a manufacturer that has tried to comply with
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the standard in good faith;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (ii) the exemption would make easier the development or field
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  evaluation of a new motor vehicle safety feature providing a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  safety level at least equal to the safety level of the standard;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (iii) the exemption would make the development or field
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  evaluation of a low-emission motor vehicle easier and would not
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  unreasonably lower the safety level of that vehicle; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (iv) compliance with the standard would prevent the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer from selling a motor vehicle with an overall safety
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  level at least equal to the overall safety level of nonexempt
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicles.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Contents of Applications. – A manufacturer applying for an
‚ ‚ ‚  exemption under subsection (b) of this section shall include the
‚ ‚ ‚  following information in the application:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) if the application is made under subsection (b)(3)(B)(i) of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  this section, a complete financial statement describing the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  economic hardship and a complete description of the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer’s good faith effort to comply with each motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle safety standard prescribed under this chapter, or a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  bumper standard prescribed under chapter 325 of this title, from
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  which the manufacturer is requesting an exemption.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) if the application is made under subsection (b)(3)(B)(ii)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of this section, a record of the research, development, and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  testing establishing the innovative nature of the safety feature
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  and a detailed analysis establishing that the safety level of the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  feature at least equals the safety level of the standard.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) if the application is made under subsection (b)(3)(B)(iii)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of this section, a record of the research, development, and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  testing establishing that the motor vehicle is a low-emission
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicle and that the safety level of the vehicle is not
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  lowered unreasonably by exemption from the standard.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (4) if the application is made under subsection (b)(3)(B)(iv)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of this section, a detailed analysis showing how the vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  provides an overall safety level at least equal to the overall
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  safety level of nonexempt vehicles.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d) Eligibility. – A manufacturer is eligible for an exemption
‚ ‚ ‚  under subsection (b)(3)(B)(i) of this section (including an
‚ ‚ ‚  exemption under subsection (b)(3)(B)(i) relating to a bumper
‚ ‚ ‚  standard referred to in subsection (b)(1)) only if the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  determines that the manufacturer’s total motor vehicle production
‚ ‚ ‚  in the most recent year of production is not more than 10,000. A
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer is eligible for an exemption under subsection
‚ ‚ ‚  (b)(3)(B)(ii), (iii), or (iv) of this section only if the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  determines the exemption is for not more than 2,500 vehicles to be
‚ ‚ ‚  sold in the United States in any 12-month period.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (e) Maximum Period. – An exemption or renewal under subsection
‚ ‚ ‚  (b)(3)(B)(i) of this section may be granted for not more than 3
‚ ‚ ‚  years. An exemption or renewal under subsection (b)(3)(B)(ii),
‚ ‚ ‚  (iii), or (iv) of this section may be granted for not more than 2
‚ ‚ ‚  years.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (f) Disclosure. – The Secretary may make public, by the 10th day
‚ ‚ ‚  after an application is filed, information contained in the
‚ ‚ ‚  application or relevant to the application unless the information
‚ ‚ ‚  concerns or is related to a trade secret or other confidential
‚ ‚ ‚  information not relevant to the application.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (g) Notice of Decision. – The Secretary shall publish in the
‚ ‚ ‚  Federal Register a notice of each decision granting an exemption
‚ ‚ ‚  under this section and the reasons for granting it.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (h) Permanent Label Requirement. – The Secretary shall require a
‚ ‚ ‚  permanent label to be fixed to a motor vehicle granted an exemption
‚ ‚ ‚  under this section. The label shall either name or describe each
‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicle safety standard prescribed under this chapter or
‚ ‚ ‚  bumper standard prescribed under chapter 325 of this title from
‚ ‚ ‚  which the vehicle is exempt. The Secretary may require that written
‚ ‚ ‚  notice of an exemption be delivered by appropriate means to the
‚ ‚ ‚  dealer and the first purchaser of the vehicle other than for
‚ ‚ ‚  resale.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 945; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  105-277, div. A, Sec. 101(g) [title III, Sec. 351(a)], Oct. 21,
‚ ‚ ‚  1998, 112 Stat. 2681-439, 2681-475.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30113(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1410(g).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  123; added Apr. 10, 1968,‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 90-283, 82 Stat. 72;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  restated Oct. 25, 1972, Pub.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  L. 92-548, Sec. 3, 86 Stat.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1159.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30113(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1410(a) (1st‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence), (c)(1)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (23d-last words),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) (23d-last‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  words).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30113(c)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1410(e).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30113(d)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1410(d).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30113(e)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1410(c)(1)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1st-22d words),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) (1st-22d words).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30113(f)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1410(f).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30113(g)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1410(a) (last‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30113(h)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1410(b).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a), the words “the term” and “type of” are omitted
‚ ‚ ‚  as surplus. The words “when the vehicle is manufactured” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “at the time of manufacture” for consistency.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(1), the words “Except as provided in subsection
‚ ‚ ‚  (d) of this section” are omitted as surplus. The words “to such
‚ ‚ ‚  extent” are omitted as being included in “on terms the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  considers appropriate”.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(2), the words “The Secretary may begin a
‚ ‚ ‚  proceeding under this subsection . . . for an exemption or a
‚ ‚ ‚  renewal of an exemption” are added because of the restatement. The
‚ ‚ ‚  words “of the application” are added for clarity. The words “An
‚ ‚ ‚  application for an exemption or for a renewal of an exemption shall
‚ ‚ ‚  be filed” are added because of the restatement.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(3)(A), the words “such temporary” and “the
‚ ‚ ‚  objectives of” are omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(3)(B)(i), the words “to a manufacturer that”
‚ ‚ ‚  are substituted for “such manufacturer . . . and that the
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer” to eliminate unnecessary words. The words “from which
‚ ‚ ‚  it requests to be exempted” are omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(3)(B)(ii), the words “from which an exemption
‚ ‚ ‚  is sought” are omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(3)(B)(iii), the words “lower the safety level”
‚ ‚ ‚  are substituted for “degrade the safety” for clarity.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(3)(B)(iv), the word “requiring” is omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c), before clause (1), the words “the following
‚ ‚ ‚  information” are added for clarity. In clause (1), the word
‚ ‚ ‚  “describing” is substituted for “the basis of showing” to eliminate
‚ ‚ ‚  unnecessary words. The words “each motor vehicle safety standard
‚ ‚ ‚  prescribed under this chapter from which the manufacturer is
‚ ‚ ‚  requesting an exemption” are substituted for “the standards” for
‚ ‚ ‚  clarity. In clauses (2) and (3), the words “a record” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “documentation” for consistency in the revised
‚ ‚ ‚  title. In clause (2), the words “establishing that the safety level
‚ ‚ ‚  of the feature at least equals the safety level of the standard”
‚ ‚ ‚  are substituted for “establishing that the level of safety of the
‚ ‚ ‚  new safety feature is equivalent to or exceeds the level of safety
‚ ‚ ‚  established in the standard from which the exemption is sought”
‚ ‚ ‚  because of the restatement. In clause (3), the word “level” is
‚ ‚ ‚  added, and the words “lowered . . . by exemption from the standard”
‚ ‚ ‚  are substituted for “degraded”, for consistency in this section. In
‚ ‚ ‚  clause (4), the words “at least equal to” are substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “equivalent to or exceeding” for consistency.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (f), the text of 15:1410(f) (1st sentence) is
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted as executed. The words “under this section all” and “other
‚ ‚ ‚  information” are omitted as surplus. The words “to the application”
‚ ‚ ‚  are substituted for “thereto” for clarity. The words “business” and
‚ ‚ ‚  “for exemption” are omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (g), the words “The Secretary” are added for
‚ ‚ ‚  clarity. The word “temporary” is omitted as surplus. The words
‚ ‚ ‚  “under this section” are added for clarity.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (h), the words “a . . . label to be fixed to a
‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicle granted an exemption under this section” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “labeling of each exempted motor vehicle . . . and
‚ ‚ ‚  be affixed to such exempted vehicles” for clarity. The words “of
‚ ‚ ‚  such exempted motor vehicle in such manner as he deems” are omitted
‚ ‚ ‚  as surplus. The words “motor vehicle safety standard prescribed
‚ ‚ ‚  under this chapter” are substituted for “the standards” for clarity
‚ ‚ ‚  and consistency in this chapter.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  AMENDMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1998 – Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 101(g) [title III,
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 351(a)(1)(A)], inserted “or passenger motor vehicles from a
‚ ‚ ‚  bumper standard prescribed under chapter 325 of this title,” after
‚ ‚ ‚  “a motor vehicle safety standard prescribed under this chapter”.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsec. (b)(3)(A). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 101(g) [title III, Sec.
‚ ‚ ‚  351(a)(1)(B)], inserted “or chapter 325 of this title (as
‚ ‚ ‚  applicable)” after “this chapter”.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 101(g) [title III, Sec.
‚ ‚ ‚  351(a)(2)], inserted “, or a bumper standard prescribed under
‚ ‚ ‚  chapter 325 of this title,” after “motor vehicle safety standard
‚ ‚ ‚  prescribed under this chapter”.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 101(g) [title III, Sec.
‚ ‚ ‚  351(a)(3)], inserted “(including an exemption under subsection
‚ ‚ ‚  (b)(3)(B)(i) relating to a bumper standard referred to in
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection (b)(1))” after “subsection (b)(3)(B)(i) of this
‚ ‚ ‚  section”.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 101(g) [title III, Sec.
‚ ‚ ‚  351(a)(4)], inserted “or bumper standard prescribed under chapter
‚ ‚ ‚  325 of this title” after “each motor vehicle safety standard
‚ ‚ ‚  prescribed under this chapter”.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30114‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER II – STANDARDS AND COMPLIANCE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30114. Special exemptions

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  The Secretary of Transportation may exempt a motor vehicle or
‚ ‚ ‚  item of motor vehicle equipment from section 30112(a) of this title
‚ ‚ ‚  on terms the Secretary decides are necessary for research,
‚ ‚ ‚  investigations, demonstrations, training, competitive racing
‚ ‚ ‚  events, show, or display.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 947; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  105-178, title VII, Sec. 7107(a), June 9, 1998, 112 Stat. 469.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30114‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(j).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  108(j); added Oct. 31, 1988,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 100-562, Sec. 2(b),
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102 Stat. 2824.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  The word “conditions” is omitted as being included in “terms”,
‚ ‚ ‚  and the word “studies” is omitted as being included in “research”.
‚ ‚ ‚  The word “solely” is omitted as unnecessary.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  AMENDMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1998 – Pub. L. 105-178 substituted “competitive racing events,
‚ ‚ ‚  show, or display” for “or competitive racing events”.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  TRANSITION RULE‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 105-178, title VII, Sec. 7107(b), June 9, 1998, 112 Stat.
‚ ‚ ‚  469, provided that: “A person who is the owner of a motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚  located in the United States on the date of enactment of this Act
‚ ‚ ‚  [June 9, 1998] may seek an exemption under section 30114 of title
‚ ‚ ‚  49, United States Code, as amended by subsection (a) of this
‚ ‚ ‚  section, for a period of 6 months after the date regulations of the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary of Transportation promulgated in response to such
‚ ‚ ‚  amendment take effect.”

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30115‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER II – STANDARDS AND COMPLIANCE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30115. Certification of compliance

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) In General. – A manufacturer or distributor of a motor
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle or motor vehicle equipment shall certify to the distributor
‚ ‚ ‚  or dealer at delivery that the vehicle or equipment complies with
‚ ‚ ‚  applicable motor vehicle safety standards prescribed under this
‚ ‚ ‚  chapter. A person may not issue the certificate if, in exercising
‚ ‚ ‚  reasonable care, the person has reason to know the certificate is
‚ ‚ ‚  false or misleading in a material respect. Certification of a
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle must be shown by a label or tag permanently fixed to the
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle. Certification of equipment may be shown by a label or tag
‚ ‚ ‚  on the equipment or on the outside of the container in which the
‚ ‚ ‚  equipment is delivered.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Certification Label. – In the case of the certification label
‚ ‚ ‚  affixed by an intermediate or final stage manufacturer of a motor
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle built in more than 1 stage, each intermediate or final
‚ ‚ ‚  stage manufacturer shall certify with respect to each applicable
‚ ‚ ‚  Federal motor vehicle safety standard –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) that it has complied with the specifications set forth in
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the compliance documentation provided by the incomplete motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle manufacturer in accordance with regulations prescribed by
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) that it has elected to assume responsibility for compliance
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  with that standard.

‚ ‚ ‚  If the intermediate or final stage manufacturer elects to assume
‚ ‚ ‚  responsibility for compliance with the standard covered by the
‚ ‚ ‚  documentation provided by an incomplete motor vehicle manufacturer,
‚ ‚ ‚  the intermediate or final stage manufacturer shall notify the
‚ ‚ ‚  incomplete motor vehicle manufacturer in writing within a
‚ ‚ ‚  reasonable time of affixing the certification label. A violation of
‚ ‚ ‚  this subsection shall not be subject to a civil penalty under
‚ ‚ ‚  section 30165.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 947; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  106-414, Sec. 9, Nov. 1, 2000, 114 Stat. 1805.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30115‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(C),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (E) (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 108(a)(1)(C),‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1403).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (E) (related to Sec. 114),‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  80 Stat. 722; Oct. 27, 1974,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 93-492, Sec.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  103(a)(1)(A), (2)(B), 88‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 1477, 1478.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1403.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 114, 80 Stat.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  726.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  The words “fail to issue a certificate required by section 1403
‚ ‚ ‚  of this title” in 15:1397(a)(1)(C) and the text of 15:1397(a)(1)(E)
‚ ‚ ‚  (related to 15:1403) are omitted as surplus. The word “certify” is
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “furnish . . . the certification” in 15:1403 to
‚ ‚ ‚  eliminate unnecessary words. The words “the time of” and “of such
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle or equipment by such manufacturer or distributor” are
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted as surplus. The words “prescribed under this chapter” are
‚ ‚ ‚  added for clarity. The word “reasonable” is substituted for “due”
‚ ‚ ‚  in 15:1397(a)(1)(C) for consistency in the revised title. The words
‚ ‚ ‚  “to the effect that a motor vehicle or item of motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚  equipment conforms to all applicable Federal motor vehicle safety
‚ ‚ ‚  standards” are omitted because of the restatement. The words “shown
‚ ‚ ‚  by” are substituted for “in the form of” in 15:1403 for clarity.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  AMENDMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  2000 – Pub. L. 106-414 designated existing provisions as subsec.
‚ ‚ ‚  (a), inserted heading, and added subsec. (b).

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  FOLLOW-UP REPORT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 106-414, Sec. 16, Nov. 1, 2000, 114 Stat. 1808, provided
‚ ‚ ‚  that: “One year after the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov.
‚ ‚ ‚  1, 2000], the Secretary of Transportation shall report to the
‚ ‚ ‚  Congress on the implementation of the amendments made by this Act
‚ ‚ ‚  [see Short Title of 2000 Amendment note set out under section 30101
‚ ‚ ‚  of this title] and any recommendations for additional amendments
‚ ‚ ‚  for consumer safety.”

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30116‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER II – STANDARDS AND COMPLIANCE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30116. Defects and noncompliance found before sale to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  purchaser

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Actions Required of Manufacturers and Distributors. – If,
‚ ‚ ‚  after a manufacturer or distributor sells a motor vehicle or motor
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle equipment to a distributor or dealer and before the
‚ ‚ ‚  distributor or dealer sells the vehicle or equipment, it is decided
‚ ‚ ‚  that the vehicle or equipment contains a defect related to motor
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle safety or does not comply with applicable motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚  safety standards prescribed under this chapter –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) the manufacturer or distributor immediately shall
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  repurchase the vehicle or equipment at the price paid by the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  distributor or dealer, plus transportation charges and reasonable
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  reimbursement of at least one percent a month of the price paid
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  prorated from the date of notice of noncompliance or defect to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the date of repurchase; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) if a vehicle, the manufacturer or distributor immediately
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  shall give to the distributor or dealer at the manufacturer’s or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  distributor’s own expense, the part or equipment needed to make
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the vehicle comply with the standards or correct the defect.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Distributor or Dealer Installation. – The distributor or
‚ ‚ ‚  dealer shall install the part or equipment referred to in
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection (a)(2) of this section. If the distributor or dealer
‚ ‚ ‚  installs the part or equipment with reasonable diligence after it
‚ ‚ ‚  is received, the manufacturer shall reimburse the distributor or
‚ ‚ ‚  dealer for the reasonable value of the installation and a
‚ ‚ ‚  reasonable reimbursement of at least one percent a month of the
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer’s or distributor’s selling price prorated from the
‚ ‚ ‚  date of notice of noncompliance or defect to the date the motor
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle complies with applicable motor vehicle safety standards
‚ ‚ ‚  prescribed under this chapter or the defect is corrected.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Establishing Amount Due and Civil Actions. – The parties
‚ ‚ ‚  shall establish the value of installation and the amount of
‚ ‚ ‚  reimbursement under this section. If the parties do not agree, or
‚ ‚ ‚  if a manufacturer or distributor refuses to comply with subsection
‚ ‚ ‚  (a) or (b) of this section, the distributor or dealer purchasing
‚ ‚ ‚  the motor vehicle or motor vehicle equipment may bring a civil
‚ ‚ ‚  action. The action may be brought in a United States district court
‚ ‚ ‚  for the judicial district in which the manufacturer or distributor
‚ ‚ ‚  resides, is found, or has an agent, to recover damages, court
‚ ‚ ‚  costs, and a reasonable attorney’s fee. An action under this
‚ ‚ ‚  section must be brought not later than 3 years after the claim
‚ ‚ ‚  accrues.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 947.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30116(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1400(a) (less‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) (last 97‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 111, 80 Stat.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  words)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  724.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30116(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1400(a)(2) (last‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  97 words).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30116(c)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1400(b), (c).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a)(1), the words “as the case may be”, “from such
‚ ‚ ‚  distributor or dealer”, “all . . . involved”, and “by the
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer or distributor” are omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a)(2), the words “manufacturer’s or distributor’s”
‚ ‚ ‚  are substituted for “his” for clarity. The words “or parts” are
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted because of 1:1. The words “the vehicle comply with the
‚ ‚ ‚  standards or correct the defect” are substituted for “conforming”
‚ ‚ ‚  for clarity.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b), the words “the part or equipment referred to
‚ ‚ ‚  in subsection (a)(2) of this section” are added because of the
‚ ‚ ‚  restatement. The words “If the distributor or dealer installs the
‚ ‚ ‚  part or equipment with reasonable diligence after it is received,
‚ ‚ ‚  the manufacturer shall reimburse the distributor or dealer” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “and for the installation involved the manufacturer
‚ ‚ ‚  shall reimburse such distributor or dealer . . . Provided, however,
‚ ‚ ‚  That the distributor or dealer proceeds with reasonable diligence
‚ ‚ ‚  with the installation after the required part, parts or equipment
‚ ‚ ‚  are received” to eliminate unnecessary words. The words “on or in
‚ ‚ ‚  such vehicle” are omitted as surplus. The words “notice of
‚ ‚ ‚  noncompliance or defect” are substituted for “notice of such
‚ ‚ ‚  nonconformance”, and the words “complies with applicable motor
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle safety standards prescribed under this chapter or the
‚ ‚ ‚  defect is corrected” are substituted for “is brought into
‚ ‚ ‚  conformance with applicable Federal standards”, to eliminate
‚ ‚ ‚  unnecessary words and for consistency in the revised title.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c), the words “the amount of reimbursement” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “such reasonable reimbursements” for clarity and
‚ ‚ ‚  because of the restatement. The words “by mutual agreement” are
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted as surplus. The words “If the parties do not agree” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “or failing such agreement”, and the words “by the
‚ ‚ ‚  court pursuant to the provisions of subsection (b) of this section”
‚ ‚ ‚  are omitted, because of the restatement. The words “the
‚ ‚ ‚  requirements of”, “then”, “as the case may be”, and “without
‚ ‚ ‚  respect to the amount in controversy” are omitted as surplus. The
‚ ‚ ‚  words “civil action” are substituted for “suit” because of rule 2
‚ ‚ ‚  of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure (28 App. U.S.C.). The words
‚ ‚ ‚  “against such manufacturer or distributor” are omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚  The word “judicial” is added for consistency. The words “to recover
‚ ‚ ‚  damages, court costs, and a reasonable attorney’s fee” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “and shall recover the damage by him sustained, as
‚ ‚ ‚  well as all court costs plus reasonable attorneys’ fees”, and the
‚ ‚ ‚  words “must be brought” are substituted for “shall be forever
‚ ‚ ‚  barred unless commenced”, to eliminate unnecessary words. The word
‚ ‚ ‚  “claim” is substituted for “cause of action” for consistency.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30117‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER II – STANDARDS AND COMPLIANCE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30117. Providing information to, and maintaining records on,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  purchasers

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Providing Information and Notice. – The Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation may require that each manufacturer of a motor
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle or motor vehicle equipment provide technical information
‚ ‚ ‚  related to performance and safety required to carry out this
‚ ‚ ‚  chapter. The Secretary may require the manufacturer to give the
‚ ‚ ‚  following notice of that information when the Secretary decides it
‚ ‚ ‚  is necessary:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) to each prospective purchaser of a vehicle or equipment
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  before the first sale other than for resale at each location at
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  which the vehicle or equipment is offered for sale by a person
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  having a legal relationship with the manufacturer, in a way the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary decides is appropriate.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) to the first purchaser of a vehicle or equipment other than
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  for resale when the vehicle or equipment is bought, in printed
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  matter placed in the vehicle or attached to or accompanying the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  equipment.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Maintaining Purchaser Records and Procedures. – (1) A
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer of a motor vehicle or tire (except a retreaded tire)
‚ ‚ ‚  shall cause to be maintained a record of the name and address of
‚ ‚ ‚  the first purchaser of each vehicle or tire it produces and, to the
‚ ‚ ‚  extent prescribed by regulations of the Secretary, shall cause to
‚ ‚ ‚  be maintained a record of the name and address of the first
‚ ‚ ‚  purchaser of replacement equipment (except a tire) that the
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer produces. The Secretary may prescribe by regulation
‚ ‚ ‚  the records to be maintained and reasonable procedures for
‚ ‚ ‚  maintaining the records under this subsection, including procedures
‚ ‚ ‚  to be followed by distributors and dealers to assist the
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer in obtaining the information required by this
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection. A procedure shall be reasonable for the type of vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚  or tire involved, and shall provide reasonable assurance that a
‚ ‚ ‚  customer list of a distributor or dealer, or similar information,
‚ ‚ ‚  will be made available to a person (except the distributor or
‚ ‚ ‚  dealer) only when necessary to carry out this subsection and
‚ ‚ ‚  sections 30118-30121, 30166(f), and 30167(a) and (b) of this title.
‚ ‚ ‚  Availability of assistance from a distributor or dealer does not
‚ ‚ ‚  affect an obligation of a manufacturer under this subsection.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2)(A) Except as provided in paragraph (3) of this subsection,
‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary may require a distributor or dealer to maintain a
‚ ‚ ‚  record under paragraph (1) of this subsection only if the business
‚ ‚ ‚  of the distributor or dealer is owned or controlled by a
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer of tires.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) The Secretary shall require each distributor and dealer whose
‚ ‚ ‚  business is not owned or controlled by a manufacturer of tires to
‚ ‚ ‚  give a registration form (containing the tire identification
‚ ‚ ‚  number) to the first purchaser of a tire. The Secretary shall
‚ ‚ ‚  prescribe the form, which shall be standardized for all tires and
‚ ‚ ‚  designed to allow the purchaser to complete and return it directly
‚ ‚ ‚  to the manufacturer of the tire. The manufacturer shall give
‚ ‚ ‚  sufficient copies of forms to distributors and dealers.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3)(A) The Secretary shall evaluate from time to time how
‚ ‚ ‚  successful the procedures under paragraph (2) of this subsection
‚ ‚ ‚  have been in helping to maintain records about first purchasers of
‚ ‚ ‚  tires. After each evaluation, the Secretary shall decide –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (i) the extent to which distributors and dealers have complied
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  with the procedures;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (ii) the extent to which distributors and dealers have
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  encouraged first purchasers of tires to register the tires; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (iii) whether to prescribe for manufacturers, distributors, or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  dealers other requirements that the Secretary decides will
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  increase significantly the percentage of first purchasers of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  tires about whom records are maintained.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) The Secretary may prescribe a requirement under subparagraph
‚ ‚ ‚  (A) of this paragraph only if the Secretary decides it is necessary
‚ ‚ ‚  to reduce the risk to motor vehicle safety, after considering –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (i) the cost of the requirement to manufacturers and the burden
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of the requirement on distributors and dealers, compared to the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  increase in the percentage of first purchasers of tires about
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  whom records would be maintained as a result of the requirement;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (ii) the extent to which distributors and dealers have complied
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  with the procedures in paragraph (2) of this subsection; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (iii) the extent to which distributors and dealers have
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  encouraged first purchasers of tires to register the tires.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (C) A manufacturer of tires shall reimburse distributors and
‚ ‚ ‚  dealers of that manufacturer’s tires for all reasonable costs
‚ ‚ ‚  incurred by the distributors and dealers in complying with a
‚ ‚ ‚  requirement prescribed by the Secretary under subparagraph (A) of
‚ ‚ ‚  this paragraph.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (D) After making a decision under subparagraph (A) of this
‚ ‚ ‚  paragraph, the Secretary shall submit to each House of Congress a
‚ ‚ ‚  report containing a detailed statement of the decision and an
‚ ‚ ‚  explanation of the reasons for the decision.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Rollover Tests. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) Development. – Not later than 2 years from the date of the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  enactment of this subsection, the Secretary shall –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) develop a dynamic test on rollovers by motor vehicles for
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the purposes of a consumer information program; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) carry out a program of conducting such tests.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) Test results. – As the Secretary develops a test under
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  paragraph (1)(A), the Secretary shall conduct a rulemaking to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  determine how best to disseminate test results to the public.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) Motor vehicles covered. – This subsection applies to motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicles, including passenger cars, multipurpose passenger
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicles, and trucks, with a gross vehicle weight rating of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  10,000 pounds or less. A motor vehicle designed to provide
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  temporary residential accommodations is not covered.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 948; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  106-414, Sec. 12, Nov. 1, 2000, 114 Stat. 1806.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30117(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(B),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (E) (as‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 108(a)(1)(B)‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1397(a)(1)(B), (E)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to Sec. 112(d)),‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  relates to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (D) (related to Sec.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(d)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  158(b)), (E) (related to‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 112(d)), 80 Stat. 722;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Oct. 27, 1974, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  93-492, Sec. 103(a)(1)(A),‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2), (3), 88 Stat. 1477,‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1478.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(d).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 112(d), 80‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 725; May 22, 1970,‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 91-265, Sec. 3, 84‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 262.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30117(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1418(b)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1418(b)(1).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  158(b)(1); added Oct. 27,‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1974, Pub. L. 93-492, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102(a), 88 Stat. 1476; Nov.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  6, 1978, Pub. L. 95-599,‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 317, 92 Stat. 2752;‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Oct. 15, 1982, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  97-331, Sec. 4(a)(1), 96‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 1619.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1418(b)(2), (3).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  158(b)(2), (3); added Oct.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15, 1982, Pub. L. 97-331,‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 4(a)(2), 96 Stat. 1620.
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In this section, the text of 15:1397(a)(1)(B) (related to
‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(d)), (D) (related to 15:1418(b)), and (E) (related to
‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(d)) is omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a), before clause (1), the words “such performance
‚ ‚ ‚  data and other”, “as may be”, “the purposes of”, “performance and
‚ ‚ ‚  technical”, and “to carry out the purposes of this chapter” the 2d
‚ ‚ ‚  time they appear are omitted as surplus. In clause (1), the words
‚ ‚ ‚  “such manufacturer’s” and “which may include, but is not limited
‚ ‚ ‚  to, printed matter (A) available for retention by such prospective
‚ ‚ ‚  purchaser and (B) sent by mail to such prospective purchaser upon
‚ ‚ ‚  his request” are omitted as surplus. The words “legal relationship”
‚ ‚ ‚  are substituted for “contractual, proprietary, or other legal
‚ ‚ ‚  relationship” to eliminate unnecessary words.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(1), the word “cause to be maintained” is
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “cause the establishment and maintenance of” to
‚ ‚ ‚  eliminate unnecessary words. The words “prescribe by regulation”
‚ ‚ ‚  are substituted for “by rule, specify” for consistency and because
‚ ‚ ‚  “rule” and “regulation” are synonymous. The words “under this
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection” are added for clarity. The word “involved” is
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “for which they are prescribed” to eliminate
‚ ‚ ‚  unnecessary words. The words “the purpose of” and “except that . .
‚ ‚ ‚  . or not” are omitted as surplus. The words “from a distributor or
‚ ‚ ‚  dealer” are added for clarity.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(3)(A), before clause (i), the words “At the end
‚ ‚ ‚  of the two-year period following the effective date of this
‚ ‚ ‚  paragraph” are omitted as expired. In clause (iii), the words “(or
‚ ‚ ‚  any combination of such groups)” are omitted as unnecessary.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(3)(B), before clause (i), the words “may
‚ ‚ ‚  prescribe a requirement” are substituted for “may order by rule the
‚ ‚ ‚  imposition of requirements” for consistency and to eliminate
‚ ‚ ‚  unnecessary words.

-REFTEXT-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  REFERENCES IN TEXT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  The date of the enactment of this subsection, referred to in
‚ ‚ ‚  subsec. (c)(1), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 106-414, which
‚ ‚ ‚  was approved Nov. 1, 2000.
-MISC2-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  AMENDMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  2000 – Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 106-414 added subsec. (c).

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15-PASSENGER VAN SAFETY‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 109-59, title X, Sec. 10309(a), Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat.
‚ ‚ ‚  1942, provided that:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) In general. – The Secretary of Transportation shall require
‚ ‚ ‚  the testing of 15-passenger vans as part of the rollover resistance
‚ ‚ ‚  program of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration’s new
‚ ‚ ‚  car assessment program.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) 15-passenger van defined. – In this subsection, the term ’15-
‚ ‚ ‚  passenger van’ means a vehicle that seats 10 to 14 passengers, not
‚ ‚ ‚  including the driver.”

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30118‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER II – STANDARDS AND COMPLIANCE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30118. Notification of defects and noncompliance

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Notification by Secretary. – The Secretary of Transportation
‚ ‚ ‚  shall notify the manufacturer of a motor vehicle or replacement
‚ ‚ ‚  equipment immediately after making an initial decision (through
‚ ‚ ‚  testing, inspection, investigation, or research carried out under
‚ ‚ ‚  this chapter, examining communications under section 30166(f) of
‚ ‚ ‚  this title, or otherwise) that the vehicle or equipment contains a
‚ ‚ ‚  defect related to motor vehicle safety or does not comply with an
‚ ‚ ‚  applicable motor vehicle safety standard prescribed under this
‚ ‚ ‚  chapter. The notification shall include the information on which
‚ ‚ ‚  the decision is based. The Secretary shall publish a notice of each
‚ ‚ ‚  decision under this subsection in the Federal Register. Subject to
‚ ‚ ‚  section 30167(a) of this title, the notification and information
‚ ‚ ‚  are available to any interested person.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Defect and Noncompliance Proceedings and Orders. – (1) The
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary may make a final decision that a motor vehicle or
‚ ‚ ‚  replacement equipment contains a defect related to motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚  safety or does not comply with an applicable motor vehicle safety
‚ ‚ ‚  standard prescribed under this chapter only after giving the
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer an opportunity to present information, views, and
‚ ‚ ‚  arguments showing that there is no defect or noncompliance or that
‚ ‚ ‚  the defect does not affect motor vehicle safety. Any interested
‚ ‚ ‚  person also shall be given an opportunity to present information,
‚ ‚ ‚  views, and arguments.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) If the Secretary decides under paragraph (1) of this
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection that the vehicle or equipment contains the defect or
‚ ‚ ‚  does not comply, the Secretary shall order the manufacturer to –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) give notification under section 30119 of this title to the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  owners, purchasers, and dealers of the vehicle or equipment of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the defect or noncompliance; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) remedy the defect or noncompliance under section 30120 of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  this title.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Notification by Manufacturer. – A manufacturer of a motor
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle or replacement equipment shall notify the Secretary by
‚ ‚ ‚  certified mail, and the owners, purchasers, and dealers of the
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle or equipment as provided in section 30119(d) of this
‚ ‚ ‚  section, if the manufacturer –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) learns the vehicle or equipment contains a defect and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  decides in good faith that the defect is related to motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  safety; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) decides in good faith that the vehicle or equipment does
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  not comply with an applicable motor vehicle safety standard
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  prescribed under this chapter.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d) Exemptions. – On application of a manufacturer, the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  shall exempt the manufacturer from this section if the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  decides a defect or noncompliance is inconsequential to motor
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle safety. The Secretary may take action under this subsection
‚ ‚ ‚  only after notice in the Federal Register and an opportunity for
‚ ‚ ‚  any interested person to present information, views, and arguments.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (e) Hearings About Meeting Notification Requirements. – On the
‚ ‚ ‚  motion of the Secretary or on petition of any interested person,
‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary may conduct a hearing to decide whether the
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer has reasonably met the notification requirements under
‚ ‚ ‚  this section. Any interested person may make written and oral
‚ ‚ ‚  presentations of information, views, and arguments on whether the
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer has reasonably met the notification requirements. If
‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary decides that the manufacturer has not reasonably met
‚ ‚ ‚  the notification requirements, the Secretary shall order the
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer to take specified action to meet those requirements
‚ ‚ ‚  and may take any other action authorized under this chapter.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 950; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  106-346, Sec. 101(a) [title III, Sec. 364], Oct. 23, 2000, 114
‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 1356, 1356A-37; Pub. L. 106-414, Sec. 2, Nov. 1, 2000, 114
‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 1800.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30118(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 108(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1412(a) (1st-3d ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to Secs. 151, 152,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentences)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  153(c) (1st sentence cl.‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (6)), 156, 157), 80 Stat.‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  722; restated Oct. 27, 1974,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 93-492, Sec.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  103(a)(1)(A), (3), 88 Stat.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1477, 1478.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1412(a) (1st-3d ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentences).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Secs.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  151, 152, 156 (related to‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  notice), 157 (related to‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  notice); added Oct. 27,‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1974, Pub. L. 93-492, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102(a), 88 Stat. 1470, 1475.
‚ ‚ ‚  30118(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1412(a) (last‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence), (b)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1412(a) (last‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence), (b).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30118(c)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1411, 1413(c)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1st sentence cl.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (6))).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1411.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1413(c) (1st‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence cl. (6)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  153(c) (1st sentence cl.‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (6)); added Oct. 27, 1974,‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 93-492, Sec. 102(a),
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  88 Stat. 1472; Oct. 15,‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1982, Pub. L. 97-331, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  4(b)(2), 96 Stat. 1620.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30118(d)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1417).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1417 (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  notice).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30118(e)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1416).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1416 (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  notice).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In this section, the text of 15:1397(a)(1)(D) (related to
‚ ‚ ‚  15:1411, 1412, 1413(c) (1st sentence cl. (6)), and 1417) is omitted
‚ ‚ ‚  as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a), the words “making an initial decision” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “determines” to distinguish the decision from the
‚ ‚ ‚  decision made under subsection (b) of this section. The words “of
‚ ‚ ‚  such determination”, “to the manufacturer”, and “of the Secretary”
‚ ‚ ‚  are omitted as surplus. The words “under this subsection” are added
‚ ‚ ‚  for clarity.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(1), the words “may make a final decision” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “determines”, and the words “prescribed under this
‚ ‚ ‚  chapter” are added, for clarity and consistency in this chapter.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(2), before clause (A), the words “If the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary decides under paragraph (1) of this subsection that the
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle or equipment contains a defect or does not comply” are
‚ ‚ ‚  added for clarity and because of the restatement. The words “after
‚ ‚ ‚  such presentations by the manufacturer and interested persons” are
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted as surplus. In clause (A), the words “of the defect or
‚ ‚ ‚  noncompliance” are added for clarity.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c), before clause (1), the words “A manufacturer
‚ ‚ ‚  of a motor vehicle or replacement equipment” are substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “manufactured by him” in 15:1411 for clarity. The words “shall
‚ ‚ ‚  notify” are substituted for “he shall furnish notification to” to
‚ ‚ ‚  eliminate unnecessary words. The words “to the Secretary, if
‚ ‚ ‚  section 1411 of this title applies” in 15:1413(c) (1st sentence cl.
‚ ‚ ‚  (6)) are omitted because of the restatement. The words “of the
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle or equipment” are added for clarity. The words “and he
‚ ‚ ‚  shall remedy the defect or failure to comply in accordance with
‚ ‚ ‚  section 1414 of this title” in 15:1411 are omitted as unnecessary
‚ ‚ ‚  because of the source provisions restated in section 30120 of the
‚ ‚ ‚  revised title.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (d), the words “any requirement under”, “to give
‚ ‚ ‚  notice with respect to”, and “as it relates” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  surplus. The words “The Secretary may take action under this
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection only” are added because of the restatement.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (e), the words “(including a manufacturer)” are
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted as surplus. The word “information” is substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “data” for consistency in the revised title.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  AMENDMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  2000 – Pub. L. 106-346, Sec. 101(a) [title III, Sec. 364], which
‚ ‚ ‚  directed amendment of this section in subsecs. (a), (b)(1), and
‚ ‚ ‚  (c), by inserting “, original equipment,” before “or replacement
‚ ‚ ‚  equipment” wherever appearing, and in subsec. (c), by redesignating
‚ ‚ ‚  pars. (1) and (2) as subpars. (A) and (B), respectively, and
‚ ‚ ‚  realigning margins, by substituting “(1) In general. – A
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer” for “A manufacturer”, and by adding a new par (2)
‚ ‚ ‚  relating to duty of manufacturers, was repealed by Pub. L. 106-414,
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 2. See Construction of 2000 Amendment note below.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  CONSTRUCTION OF 2000 AMENDMENT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 106-414, Sec. 2, Nov. 1, 2000, 114 Stat. 1800, provided
‚ ‚ ‚  that: “The amendments made to section 30118 of title 49, United
‚ ‚ ‚  States Code, by section 364 of the Department of Transportation and
‚ ‚ ‚  Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2001 [Pub. L. 106-346, Sec.
‚ ‚ ‚  101(a) [title III, Sec. 364], Oct. 23, 2000, 114 Stat. 1356, 1356A-
‚ ‚ ‚  37] are repealed and such section shall be effective as if such
‚ ‚ ‚  amending section had not been enacted.”

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30119‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER II – STANDARDS AND COMPLIANCE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30119. Notification procedures

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Contents of Notification. – Notification by a manufacturer
‚ ‚ ‚  required under section 30118 of this title of a defect or
‚ ‚ ‚  noncompliance shall contain –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) a clear description of the defect or noncompliance;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) an evaluation of the risk to motor vehicle safety
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  reasonably related to the defect or noncompliance;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) the measures to be taken to obtain a remedy of the defect
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  or noncompliance;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (4) a statement that the manufacturer giving notice will remedy
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the defect or noncompliance without charge under section 30120 of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  this title;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (5) the earliest date on which the defect or noncompliance will
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  be remedied without charge, and for tires, the period during
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  which the defect or noncompliance will be remedied without charge
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  under section 30120 of this title;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (6) the procedure the recipient of a notice is to follow to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  inform the Secretary of Transportation when a manufacturer,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  distributor, or dealer does not remedy the defect or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  noncompliance without charge under section 30120 of this title;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (7) other information the Secretary prescribes by regulation.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Earliest Remedy Date. – The date specified by a manufacturer
‚ ‚ ‚  in a notification under subsection (a)(5) of this section or
‚ ‚ ‚  section 30121(c)(2) of this title is the earliest date that parts
‚ ‚ ‚  and facilities reasonably can be expected to be available to remedy
‚ ‚ ‚  the defect or noncompliance. The Secretary may disapprove the date.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Time for Notification. – Notification required under section
‚ ‚ ‚  30118 of this title shall be given within a reasonable time –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) prescribed by the Secretary, after the manufacturer
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  receives notice of a final decision under section 30118(b) of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  this title; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) after the manufacturer first decides that a safety-related
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  defect or noncompliance exists under section 30118(c) of this
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  title.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d) Means of Providing Notification. – (1) Notification required
‚ ‚ ‚  under section 30118 of this title about a motor vehicle shall be
‚ ‚ ‚  sent by first class mail –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) to each person registered under State law as the owner and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  whose name and address are reasonably ascertainable by the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer through State records or other available sources; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) if a registered owner is not notified under clause (A) of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  this paragraph, to the most recent purchaser known to the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) Notification required under section 30118 of this title about
‚ ‚ ‚  replacement equipment (except a tire) shall be sent by first class
‚ ‚ ‚  mail to the most recent purchaser known to the manufacturer. In
‚ ‚ ‚  addition, if the Secretary decides that public notice is required
‚ ‚ ‚  for motor vehicle safety, public notice shall be given in the way
‚ ‚ ‚  required by the Secretary after consulting with the manufacturer.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) Notification required under section 30118 of this title about
‚ ‚ ‚  a tire shall be sent by first class mail (or, if the manufacturer
‚ ‚ ‚  prefers, by certified mail) to the most recent purchaser known to
‚ ‚ ‚  the manufacturer. In addition, if the Secretary decides that public
‚ ‚ ‚  notice is required for motor vehicle safety, public notice shall be
‚ ‚ ‚  given in the way required by the Secretary after consulting with
‚ ‚ ‚  the manufacturer. In deciding whether public notice is required,
‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary shall consider –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) the magnitude of the risk to motor vehicle safety caused by
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the defect or noncompliance; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) the cost of public notice compared to the additional number
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of owners the notice may reach.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (4) A dealer to whom a motor vehicle or replacement equipment was
‚ ‚ ‚  delivered shall be notified by certified mail or quicker means if
‚ ‚ ‚  available.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (e) Second Notification. – If the Secretary decides that a
‚ ‚ ‚  notification sent by a manufacturer under this section has not
‚ ‚ ‚  resulted in an adequate number of motor vehicles or items of
‚ ‚ ‚  replacement equipment being returned for remedy, the Secretary may
‚ ‚ ‚  order the manufacturer to send a 2d notification in the way the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary prescribes by regulation.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (f) Notification by Lessor to Lessee. – (1) In this subsection,
‚ ‚ ‚  “leased motor vehicle” means a motor vehicle that is leased to a
‚ ‚ ‚  person for at least 4 months by a lessor that has leased at least 5
‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicles in the 12 months before the date of the
‚ ‚ ‚  notification.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) A lessor that receives a notification required by section
‚ ‚ ‚  30118 of this title about a leased motor vehicle shall provide a
‚ ‚ ‚  copy of the notification to the lessee in the way the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  prescribes by regulation.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 951.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30119(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 108(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1413(a)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to Secs. 153(a)-(c)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1st sentence cls. (1)-(5),
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  last sentence), 154(b)(2)‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2d, last sentences)), 80‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 722; restated Oct. 27,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1974, Pub. L. 93-492, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  103(a)(1)(A), (3), 88 Stat.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1477, 1478.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1413(a).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Secs.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  153(a), (b), 154(b)(2) (2d,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  last sentences); added Oct.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  27, 1974, Pub. L. 93-492,‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 102(a), 88 Stat. 1471,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1473.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30119(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1414(b)(2) (2d,‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  last sentences)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1414(b)(2) (2d,‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  last sentences).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30119(c)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1413(b)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1413(b).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30119(d)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1413(c) (1st‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence cls.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1)-(5), last‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1413(c) (1st‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence cls.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1)-(5), last‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  153(c) (1st sentence cls.‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1)-(5), last sentence);‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  added Oct. 27, 1974, Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  93-492, Sec. 102(a), 88‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 1471, 1472; Oct. 15,‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1982, Pub. L. 97-331, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  4(b), 96 Stat. 1620.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30119(e)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1413(d).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  153(d), (e); added Dec. 18,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1991, Pub. L. 102-240, Sec.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  2504(a), 105 Stat. 2083.‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30119(f)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1413(e).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In this section, the text of 15:1397(a)(1)(D) (related to
‚ ‚ ‚  15:1413(a)-(c) (1st sentence cls. (1)-(5), last sentence),
‚ ‚ ‚  1414(b)(2) (2d, last sentences), and 1416) is omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a), before clause (1), the words “a motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚  or item of replacement equipment” are omitted as surplus. The words
‚ ‚ ‚  “by a manufacturer” are added for clarity. In clause (3), the words
‚ ‚ ‚  “a statement of” are omitted as surplus. In clause (4), the word
‚ ‚ ‚  “remedy” is substituted for “cause . . . to be remedied” to
‚ ‚ ‚  eliminate unnecessary words. In clause (5), the words “(specified
‚ ‚ ‚  in accordance with the second and third sentences of section
‚ ‚ ‚  1414(b)(2) of this title)” are omitted as surplus. In clause (6),
‚ ‚ ‚  the words “a description of” are omitted as surplus. The words
‚ ‚ ‚  “under section 30120 of this title” are added for consistency with
‚ ‚ ‚  the source provisions restated in this subsection. In clause (7),
‚ ‚ ‚  the words “in addition to such . . . as” are omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b), the words “in a notification under subsection
‚ ‚ ‚  (a)(5) of this section or section 30121(c) of this title” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “In either case” because of the restatement. The
‚ ‚ ‚  words “may disapprove” are substituted for “shall be subject to
‚ ‚ ‚  disapproval by” to eliminate unnecessary words.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c)(1), the words “Secretary’s” and “that there is
‚ ‚ ‚  a defect or failure to comply” are omitted as surplus. The word
‚ ‚ ‚  “final” is added for clarity.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c)(2), the words “decides that a safety-related
‚ ‚ ‚  defect or noncompliance exists” are substituted for “makes a
‚ ‚ ‚  determination with respect to a defect or failure to comply” for
‚ ‚ ‚  clarity.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (d), the text of 15:1413(c) (1st sentence words
‚ ‚ ‚  before cl. (1)) is incorporated into each paragraph as appropriate.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (d)(1)(A), the words “who is” and “of such vehicle”
‚ ‚ ‚  are omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (d)(1)(B), the words “if a registered owner is not
‚ ‚ ‚  notified” are substituted for “unless the registered owner (if any)
‚ ‚ ‚  of such vehicle was notified” for clarity. The words “most recent
‚ ‚ ‚  purchaser” are substituted for “first purchaser (or if a more
‚ ‚ ‚  recent purchaser is” for clarity and to eliminate unnecessary
‚ ‚ ‚  words. The words “of each such vehicle containing such defect or
‚ ‚ ‚  failure to comply” are omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (d)(3), the words “(or, if the manufacturer
‚ ‚ ‚  prefers, by certified mail)” are substituted for 15:1413(c) (last
‚ ‚ ‚  sentence) to eliminate unnecessary words.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (d)(4), the words “or dealers” are omitted because
‚ ‚ ‚  of 1:1. The words “of such manufacturer” are omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (e), the word “replacement” is added for clarity
‚ ‚ ‚  and consistency with the source provisions being restated in
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection (d) of this section.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30120‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER II – STANDARDS AND COMPLIANCE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30120. Remedies for defects and noncompliance

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Ways To Remedy. – (1) Subject to subsections (f) and (g) of
‚ ‚ ‚  this section, when notification of a defect or noncompliance is
‚ ‚ ‚  required under section 30118(b) or (c) of this title, the
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer of the defective or noncomplying motor vehicle or
‚ ‚ ‚  replacement equipment shall remedy the defect or noncompliance
‚ ‚ ‚  without charge when the vehicle or equipment is presented for
‚ ‚ ‚  remedy. Subject to subsections (b) and (c) of this section, the
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer shall remedy the defect or noncompliance in any of the
‚ ‚ ‚  following ways the manufacturer chooses:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) if a vehicle –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (i) by repairing the vehicle;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (ii) by replacing the vehicle with an identical or reasonably
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  equivalent vehicle; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (iii) by refunding the purchase price, less a reasonable
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  allowance for depreciation.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) if replacement equipment, by repairing the equipment or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  replacing the equipment with identical or reasonably equivalent
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  equipment.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) The Secretary of Transportation may prescribe regulations to
‚ ‚ ‚  allow the manufacturer to impose conditions on the replacement of a
‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicle or refund of its price.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Tire Remedies. – (1) A manufacturer of a tire, including an
‚ ‚ ‚  original equipment tire, shall remedy a defective or noncomplying
‚ ‚ ‚  tire if the owner or purchaser presents the tire for remedy not
‚ ‚ ‚  later than 60 days after the later of –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) the day the owner or purchaser receives notification under
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  section 30119 of this title; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) if the manufacturer decides to replace the tire, the day
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the owner or purchaser receives notification that a replacement
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  is available.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) If the manufacturer decides to replace the tire and the
‚ ‚ ‚  replacement is not available during the 60-day period, the owner or
‚ ‚ ‚  purchaser must present the tire for remedy during a subsequent 60-
‚ ‚ ‚  day period that begins only after the owner or purchaser receives
‚ ‚ ‚  notification that a replacement will be available during the
‚ ‚ ‚  subsequent period. If tires are available during the subsequent
‚ ‚ ‚  period, only a tire presented for remedy during that period must be
‚ ‚ ‚  remedied.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Adequacy of Repairs. – (1) If a manufacturer decides to
‚ ‚ ‚  repair a defective or noncomplying motor vehicle or replacement
‚ ‚ ‚  equipment and the repair is not done adequately within a reasonable
‚ ‚ ‚  time, the manufacturer shall –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) replace the vehicle or equipment without charge with an
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  identical or reasonably equivalent vehicle or equipment; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) for a vehicle, refund the purchase price, less a reasonable
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  allowance for depreciation.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) Failure to repair a motor vehicle or replacement equipment
‚ ‚ ‚  adequately not later than 60 days after its presentation is prima
‚ ‚ ‚  facie evidence of failure to repair within a reasonable time.
‚ ‚ ‚  However, the Secretary may extend, by order, the 60-day period if
‚ ‚ ‚  good cause for an extension is shown and the reason is published in
‚ ‚ ‚  the Federal Register before the period ends. Presentation of a
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle or equipment for repair before the date specified by a
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer in a notice under section 30119(a)(5) or 30121(c)(2)
‚ ‚ ‚  of this title is not a presentation under this subsection.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) If the Secretary determines that a manufacturer’s remedy
‚ ‚ ‚  program is not likely to be capable of completion within a
‚ ‚ ‚  reasonable time, the Secretary may require the manufacturer to
‚ ‚ ‚  accelerate the remedy program if the Secretary finds –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) that there is a risk of serious injury or death if the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  remedy program is not accelerated; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) that acceleration of the remedy program can be reasonably
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  achieved by expanding the sources of replacement parts, expanding
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the number of authorized repair facilities, or both.

‚ ‚ ‚  The Secretary may prescribe regulations to carry out this
‚ ‚ ‚  paragraph.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d) Filing Manufacturer’s Remedy Program. – A manufacturer shall
‚ ‚ ‚  file with the Secretary a copy of the manufacturer’s program under
‚ ‚ ‚  this section for remedying a defect or noncompliance. The Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  shall make the program available to the public and publish a notice
‚ ‚ ‚  of availability in the Federal Register. A manufacturer’s remedy
‚ ‚ ‚  program shall include a plan for reimbursing an owner or purchaser
‚ ‚ ‚  who incurred the cost of the remedy within a reasonable time in
‚ ‚ ‚  advance of the manufacturer’s notification under subsection (b) or
‚ ‚ ‚  (c) of section 30118. The Secretary may prescribe regulations
‚ ‚ ‚  establishing what constitutes a reasonable time for purposes of the
‚ ‚ ‚  preceding sentence and other reasonable conditions for the
‚ ‚ ‚  reimbursement plan. In the case of a remedy program involving the
‚ ‚ ‚  replacement of tires, the manufacturer shall include a plan
‚ ‚ ‚  addressing how to prevent, to the extent reasonably within the
‚ ‚ ‚  control of the manufacturer, replaced tires from being resold for
‚ ‚ ‚  installation on a motor vehicle, and how to limit, to the extent
‚ ‚ ‚  reasonably within the control of the manufacturer, the disposal of
‚ ‚ ‚  replaced tires in landfills, particularly through shredding,
‚ ‚ ‚  crumbling, recycling, recovery, and other alternative beneficial
‚ ‚ ‚  non-vehicular uses. The manufacturer shall include information
‚ ‚ ‚  about the implementation of such plan with each quarterly report to
‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary regarding the progress of any notification or remedy
‚ ‚ ‚  campaigns.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (e) Hearings About Meeting Remedy Requirements. – On the motion
‚ ‚ ‚  of the Secretary or on application by any interested person, the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary may conduct a hearing to decide whether the manufacturer
‚ ‚ ‚  has reasonably met the remedy requirements under this section. Any
‚ ‚ ‚  interested person may make written and oral presentations of
‚ ‚ ‚  information, views, and arguments on whether the manufacturer has
‚ ‚ ‚  reasonably met the remedy requirements. If the Secretary decides a
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer has not reasonably met the remedy requirements, the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary shall order the manufacturer to take specified action to
‚ ‚ ‚  meet those requirements and may take any other action authorized
‚ ‚ ‚  under this chapter.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (f) Fair Reimbursement to Dealers. – A manufacturer shall pay
‚ ‚ ‚  fair reimbursement to a dealer providing a remedy without charge
‚ ‚ ‚  under this section.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (g) Nonapplication. – (1) The requirement that a remedy be
‚ ‚ ‚  provided without charge does not apply if the motor vehicle or
‚ ‚ ‚  replacement equipment was bought by the first purchaser more than
‚ ‚ ‚  10 calendar years, or the tire, including an original equipment
‚ ‚ ‚  tire, was bought by the first purchaser more than 5 calendar years,
‚ ‚ ‚  before notice is given under section 30118(c) of this title or an
‚ ‚ ‚  order is issued under section 30118(b) of this title, whichever is
‚ ‚ ‚  earlier.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) This section does not apply during any period in which
‚ ‚ ‚  enforcement of an order under section 30118(b) of this title is
‚ ‚ ‚  restrained or the order is set aside in a civil action to which
‚ ‚ ‚  section 30121(d) of this title applies.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (h) Exemptions. – On application of a manufacturer, the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  shall exempt the manufacturer from this section if the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  decides a defect or noncompliance is inconsequential to motor
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle safety. The Secretary may take action under this subsection
‚ ‚ ‚  only after notice in the Federal Register and an opportunity for
‚ ‚ ‚  any interested person to present information, views, and arguments.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (i) Limitation on Sale or Lease. – (1) If notification is
‚ ‚ ‚  required by an order under section 30118(b) of this title or is
‚ ‚ ‚  required under section 30118(c) of this title and the manufacturer
‚ ‚ ‚  has provided to a dealer (including retailers of motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚  equipment) notification about a new motor vehicle or new item of
‚ ‚ ‚  replacement equipment in the dealer’s possession at the time of
‚ ‚ ‚  notification that contains a defect related to motor vehicle safety
‚ ‚ ‚  or does not comply with an applicable motor vehicle safety standard
‚ ‚ ‚  prescribed under this chapter, the dealer may sell or lease the
‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicle or item of replacement equipment only if –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) the defect or noncompliance is remedied as required by this
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  section before delivery under the sale or lease; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) when the notification is required by an order under section
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  30118(b) of this title, enforcement of the order is restrained or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the order is set aside in a civil action to which section
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  30121(d) of this title applies.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) This subsection does not prohibit a dealer from offering for
‚ ‚ ‚  sale or lease the vehicle or equipment.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (j) Prohibition on Sales of Replaced Equipment. – No person may
‚ ‚ ‚  sell or lease any motor vehicle equipment (including a tire), for
‚ ‚ ‚  installation on a motor vehicle, that is the subject of a decision
‚ ‚ ‚  under section 30118(b) or a notice required under section 30118(c)
‚ ‚ ‚  in a condition that it may be reasonably used for its original
‚ ‚ ‚  purpose unless –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) the defect or noncompliance is remedied as required by this
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  section before delivery under the sale or lease; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) notification of the defect or noncompliance is required
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  under section 30118(b) but enforcement of the order is set aside
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  in a civil action to which section 30121(d) applies.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 952; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  105-178, title VII, Sec. 7106(a), June 9, 1998, 112 Stat. 467; Pub.
‚ ‚ ‚  L. 106-414, Secs. 4, 6-8, Nov. 1, 2000, 114 Stat. 1803-1805.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30120(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 108(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1414(a)(1) (1st‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to Secs. 154(a),‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence), (2)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b)(1), (2) (1st sentence),
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c), 156, 157), 80 Stat.‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  722; restated Oct. 27, 1974,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 93-492, Sec.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  103(a)(1)(A), (3), 88 Stat.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1477, 1478.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1414(a)(1) (1st‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence), (2).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Secs.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  154(a), (b)(1), (2) (1st‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence), (c), 156 (related
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  to remedy), 157 (related to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  remedy); added Oct. 27,‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1974, Pub. L. 93-492, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102(a), 88 Stat. 1472, 1474,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1475.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30120(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1414(a)(5)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1414(a)(5).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30120(c)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1414(b)(1), (2)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1st sentence)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1414(b)(1), (2)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1st sentence).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30120(d)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1414(c)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1414(c).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30120(e)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1416).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1416 (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  remedy).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30120(f)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1414(a)(3)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1414(a)(3).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30120(g)(1)‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1414(a)(4)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1414(a)(4).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30120(g)(2)‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1414(a)(1) (last‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1414(a)(1) (last‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30120(h)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1417).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1417 (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  remedy).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30120(i)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1414(d).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  154(d); added Dec. 18, 1991,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 102-240, Sec.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  2504(b), 105 Stat. 2083.‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In this section, the text of 15:1397(a)(1)(D) (related to
‚ ‚ ‚  15:1414(a), (b)(1), (2) (1st sentence), and (c), and 1416) is
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a)(1), before clause (A), the words “Subject to
‚ ‚ ‚  subsections (f) and (g) of this section” are added for clarity. The
‚ ‚ ‚  words “with an applicable Federal motor vehicle safety standard . .
‚ ‚ ‚  . which relates to motor vehicle safety” and “pursuant to such
‚ ‚ ‚  notification” are omitted as surplus. The words “shall remedy” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “shall cause such defect or failure to comply in
‚ ‚ ‚  such motor vehicle or such item of replacement equipment to be
‚ ‚ ‚  remedied” to eliminate unnecessary words. The words “the defect or
‚ ‚ ‚  noncompliance” are added for clarity. In clauses (A) and (B), the
‚ ‚ ‚  words “without charge” are omitted as unnecessary because of the
‚ ‚ ‚  words “without charge” in this subsection before this clause (A).
‚ ‚ ‚  In clause (A), the words “presented for remedy pursuant to such
‚ ‚ ‚  notification” and “of such motor vehicle in full” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsection (a)(2) is substituted for 15:1414(a)(2)(A) (last
‚ ‚ ‚  sentence) for clarity.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(1), before clause (A), the words “shall remedy
‚ ‚ ‚  a defective or noncomplying tire if” are substituted for “shall not
‚ ‚ ‚  be obligated to remedy such tire if such tire is not” to eliminate
‚ ‚ ‚  unnecessary words and for consistency. The words “pursuant to
‚ ‚ ‚  notification” are omitted as surplus. In clause (B), the words
‚ ‚ ‚  “decides to replace the tire” are substituted for “elects
‚ ‚ ‚  replacement” for clarity.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsection (b)(2) is substituted for 15:1414(a)(5)(B) to
‚ ‚ ‚  eliminate unnecessary words.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c)(1), the words before clause (A) are substituted
‚ ‚ ‚  for “Whenever a manufacturer has elected under subsection (a) of
‚ ‚ ‚  this section to cause the repair of a defect in a motor vehicle or
‚ ‚ ‚  item of replacement equipment or of a failure of such vehicle or
‚ ‚ ‚  item of replacement equipment to comply with a motor vehicle safety
‚ ‚ ‚  standard, and he has failed to cause such defect or failure to
‚ ‚ ‚  comply to be adequately repaired within a reasonable time, then (A)
‚ ‚ ‚  he shall” to eliminate unnecessary words. In clause (A), the word
‚ ‚ ‚  “replace” is substituted for “cause . . . to be replaced” for
‚ ‚ ‚  consistency. In clause (B), the word “refund” is substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “shall cause . . . to be refunded” for consistency. The words “in
‚ ‚ ‚  full” and “and if the manufacturer so elects)” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c)(2), the word “presentation” is substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “tender” for clarity. The words “for repair” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  surplus. The last sentence is substituted for 15:1414(b)(2) (1st
‚ ‚ ‚  sentence) because of the restatement.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (e), the words “(including a manufacturer)” are
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted as surplus. The word “information” is substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “data” for consistency in the revised title.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (f), the word “fair” is substituted for “fair and
‚ ‚ ‚  equitable” to eliminate unnecessary words. The words “for such
‚ ‚ ‚  remedy” are omitted as surplus. The words “providing a” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “who effects” for consistency.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (g)(2), the words “In the case of notification
‚ ‚ ‚  required by an order” are omitted as unnecessary. The word “civil”
‚ ‚ ‚  is added because of rule 2 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure
‚ ‚ ‚  (28 App. U.S.C.).
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (h), the words “any requirement under”, “or to
‚ ‚ ‚  remedy”, and “as it relates” are omitted as surplus. The words “The
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary may take action under this subsection only” are added
‚ ‚ ‚  because of the restatement.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  AMENDMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  2000 – Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 106-414, Sec. 6(a), added par.
‚ ‚ ‚  (3).
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 106-414, Sec. 7, inserted at end “In the
‚ ‚ ‚  case of a remedy program involving the replacement of tires, the
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer shall include a plan addressing how to prevent, to the
‚ ‚ ‚  extent reasonably within the control of the manufacturer, replaced
‚ ‚ ‚  tires from being resold for installation on a motor vehicle, and
‚ ‚ ‚  how to limit, to the extent reasonably within the control of the
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer, the disposal of replaced tires in landfills,
‚ ‚ ‚  particularly through shredding, crumbling, recycling, recovery, and
‚ ‚ ‚  other alternative beneficial non-vehicular uses. The manufacturer
‚ ‚ ‚  shall include information about the implementation of such plan
‚ ‚ ‚  with each quarterly report to the Secretary regarding the progress
‚ ‚ ‚  of any notification or remedy campaigns.”
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 106-414, Sec. 6(b), inserted at end “A manufacturer’s
‚ ‚ ‚  remedy program shall include a plan for reimbursing an owner or
‚ ‚ ‚  purchaser who incurred the cost of the remedy within a reasonable
‚ ‚ ‚  time in advance of the manufacturer’s notification under subsection
‚ ‚ ‚  (b) or (c) of section 30118. The Secretary may prescribe
‚ ‚ ‚  regulations establishing what constitutes a reasonable time for
‚ ‚ ‚  purposes of the preceding sentence and other reasonable conditions
‚ ‚ ‚  for the reimbursement plan.”
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsec. (g)(1). Pub. L. 106-414, Sec. 4, substituted “10 calendar
‚ ‚ ‚  years” for “8 calendar years” and “5 calendar years” for “3
‚ ‚ ‚  calendar years”.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsec. (j). Pub. L. 106-414, Sec. 8, added subsec. (j).
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1998 – Subsec. (i)(1). Pub. L. 105-178 inserted “(including
‚ ‚ ‚  retailers of motor vehicle equipment)” after “provided to a dealer”
‚ ‚ ‚  in introductory provisions.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30121‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER II – STANDARDS AND COMPLIANCE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30121. Provisional notification and civil actions to enforce

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Provisional Notification. – (1) The Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation may order a manufacturer to issue a provisional
‚ ‚ ‚  notification if a civil action about an order issued under section
‚ ‚ ‚  30118(b) of this title has been brought under section 30163 of this
‚ ‚ ‚  title. The provisional notification shall contain –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) a statement that the Secretary has decided that a defect
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  related to motor vehicle safety or noncompliance with a motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle safety standard prescribed under this chapter exists and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  that the manufacturer is contesting the decision in a civil
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  action in a United States district court;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) a clear description of the Secretary’s stated basis for the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  decision;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (C) the Secretary’s evaluation of the risk to motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  safety reasonably related to the defect or noncompliance;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (D) measures the Secretary considers necessary to avoid an
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  unreasonable risk to motor vehicle safety resulting from the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  defect or noncompliance;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (E) a statement that the manufacturer will remedy the defect or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  noncompliance without charge under section 30120 of this title,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  but that the requirement to remedy without charge is conditioned
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  on the outcome of the civil action; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (F) other information the Secretary prescribes by regulation or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  includes in the order requiring the notice.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) A notification under this subsection does not relieve a
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer of liability for not giving notification required by
‚ ‚ ‚  an order under section 30118(b) of this title.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Civil Actions for Not Notifying. – (1) A manufacturer that
‚ ‚ ‚  does not notify owners and purchasers under section 30119(c) and
‚ ‚ ‚  (d) of this title is liable to the United States Government for a
‚ ‚ ‚  civil penalty, unless the manufacturer prevails in a civil action
‚ ‚ ‚  referred to in subsection (a) of this section or the court in that
‚ ‚ ‚  action enjoins enforcement of the order. Enforcement may be
‚ ‚ ‚  enjoined only if the court decides that the failure to notify is
‚ ‚ ‚  reasonable and that the manufacturer has demonstrated the
‚ ‚ ‚  likelihood of prevailing on the merits. If enforcement is enjoined,
‚ ‚ ‚  the manufacturer is not liable during the time the order is stayed.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) A manufacturer that does not notify owners and purchasers as
‚ ‚ ‚  required under subsection (a) of this section is liable for a civil
‚ ‚ ‚  penalty regardless of whether the manufacturer prevails in an
‚ ‚ ‚  action on the validity of the order issued under section 30118(b)
‚ ‚ ‚  of this title.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Orders to Manufacturers. – If the Secretary prevails in a
‚ ‚ ‚  civil action referred to in subsection (a) of this section, the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary shall order the manufacturer –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) to notify each owner, purchaser, and dealer described in
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  section 30119(d) of this title of the outcome of the action and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  other information the Secretary requires, and notification under
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  this clause may be combined with notification required under
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  section 30118(b) of this title;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) to specify the earliest date under section 30119(b) of this
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  title on which the defect or noncompliance will be remedied
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  without charge under section 30120 of this title; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) if notification was required under subsection (a) of this
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  section, to reimburse an owner or purchaser for reasonable and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  necessary expenses (in an amount that is not more than the amount
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  specified in the order of the Secretary under subsection (a))
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  incurred for repairing the defect or noncompliance during the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  period beginning on the date that notification was required to be
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  issued and ending on the date the owner or purchaser receives the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  notification under this subsection.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d) Venue. – Notwithstanding section 30163(c) of this title, a
‚ ‚ ‚  civil action about an order issued under section 30118(b) of this
‚ ‚ ‚  title must be brought in the United States district court for a
‚ ‚ ‚  judicial district in the State in which the manufacturer is
‚ ‚ ‚  incorporated or the District of Columbia. On motion of a party, the
‚ ‚ ‚  court may transfer the action to another district court if good
‚ ‚ ‚  cause is shown. All actions related to the same order under section
‚ ‚ ‚  30118(b) shall be consolidated in an action in one judicial
‚ ‚ ‚  district under an order of the court in which the first action was
‚ ‚ ‚  brought. If the first action is transferred to another court, that
‚ ‚ ‚  court shall issue the consolidation order.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 954.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30121(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 108(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1415(b)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to Sec. 155), 80‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 722; restated Oct. 27,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1974, Pub. L. 93-492, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  103(a)(1)(A), (3), 88 Stat.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1477, 1478.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1415(b).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  155(b)-(d); added Oct. 27,‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1974, Pub. L. 93-492, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102(a), 88 Stat. 1474.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30121(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1415(c)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1415(c).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30121(c)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1415(d)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1415(d).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30121(d)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1415(a)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1415(a).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  155(a); added Oct. 27, 1974,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 93-492, Sec. 102(a),
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  88 Stat. 1474; Nov. 8, 1984,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 98-620, Sec.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  402(17), 98 Stat. 3358.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In this section, the text of 15:1397(a)(1)(D) (related to
‚ ‚ ‚  15:1415) is omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a)(1), before clause (A), the words “and to which
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection (a) of this section applies” are omitted because of the
‚ ‚ ‚  restatement. In clause (A), the words “prescribed under this
‚ ‚ ‚  chapter” are substituted for “Federal”, and the words “civil
‚ ‚ ‚  action” are substituted for “proceeding”, for consistency. In
‚ ‚ ‚  clause (B), the words “that there is such a defect or failure” are
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted as surplus. In clause (D), the word “considers” is
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “which in the judgment of . . . are” to eliminate
‚ ‚ ‚  unnecessary words. In clause (E), the word “remedy” is substituted
‚ ‚ ‚  for “cause . . . to be remedied” to eliminate unnecessary words.
‚ ‚ ‚  The words “civil action” are substituted for “court proceeding” for
‚ ‚ ‚  consistency.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(1), the words “with respect to such failure to
‚ ‚ ‚  notify” are omitted as surplus. The word “enjoins” is substituted
‚ ‚ ‚  for “restrains” for consistency. The words “of such an order” and
‚ ‚ ‚  “for which the effectiveness of” are omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(2), the words “by an order”, “or not”, and “(to
‚ ‚ ‚  which subsection (a) of the section applies)” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c), before clause (1), the words “a civil action
‚ ‚ ‚  referred to in subsection (a) of this section” are substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “(i) a manufacturer fails within the period specified in section
‚ ‚ ‚  1413(b) of this title to comply with an order under section 1412(b)
‚ ‚ ‚  of this title to afford notification to owners and purchasers, (ii)
‚ ‚ ‚  a civil action to which subsection (a) of this section applies is
‚ ‚ ‚  commenced with respect to such order, and (iii) . . . in such
‚ ‚ ‚  action” to eliminate unnecessary words. In clause (1), the word
‚ ‚ ‚  “action” is substituted for “proceeding” for consistency. The words
‚ ‚ ‚  “containing” and “by an order” are omitted as surplus. In clause
‚ ‚ ‚  (2), the words “under section 30119(b) of this title” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “(in accordance with the second and third sentences
‚ ‚ ‚  of section 1414(b) of this title)” for clarity. The words “under
‚ ‚ ‚  section 30120 of this title” are added for clarity. In clause (3),
‚ ‚ ‚  the words “which are . . . by such owner or purchaser”, “the
‚ ‚ ‚  purpose of”, and “to which the order relates” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (d), the words “Notwithstanding section 30163(c) of
‚ ‚ ‚  this title” are added for clarity. The words “An action under
‚ ‚ ‚  section 1399(a) of this title to restrain a violation of an order .
‚ ‚ ‚  . . or under section 1398 of this title to collect a civil penalty
‚ ‚ ‚  with respect to a violation of such an order” and “to which the
‚ ‚ ‚  order applies” are omitted as surplus. The words “may transfer the
‚ ‚ ‚  action” are substituted for “orders a change of venue” for
‚ ‚ ‚  consistency with 28:1404. The words “(including enforcement
‚ ‚ ‚  actions)” are omitted as surplus. The words “that court shall issue
‚ ‚ ‚  the consolidation order” are substituted for “by order of such
‚ ‚ ‚  other court” for clarity.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30122‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER II – STANDARDS AND COMPLIANCE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30122. Making safety devices and elements inoperative

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Definition. – In this section, “motor vehicle repair
‚ ‚ ‚  business” means a person holding itself out to the public to repair
‚ ‚ ‚  for compensation a motor vehicle or motor vehicle equipment.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Prohibition. – A manufacturer, distributor, dealer, or motor
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle repair business may not knowingly make inoperative any part
‚ ‚ ‚  of a device or element of design installed on or in a motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚  or motor vehicle equipment in compliance with an applicable motor
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle safety standard prescribed under this chapter unless the
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer, distributor, dealer, or repair business reasonably
‚ ‚ ‚  believes the vehicle or equipment will not be used (except for
‚ ‚ ‚  testing or a similar purpose during maintenance or repair) when the
‚ ‚ ‚  device or element is inoperative.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Regulations. – The Secretary of Transportation may prescribe
‚ ‚ ‚  regulations –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) to exempt a person from this section if the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  decides the exemption is consistent with motor vehicle safety and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  section 30101 of this title; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) to define “make inoperative”.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d) Nonapplication. – This section does not apply to a safety
‚ ‚ ‚  belt interlock or buzzer designed to indicate a safety belt is not
‚ ‚ ‚  in use as described in section 30124 of this title.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 956.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30122(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(2)(A)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (last sentence).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  108(a)(2)(A)- (C); added ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Oct. 27, 1974, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  93-492, Sec. 103(a) (1)(A),
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  88 Stat. 1477.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30122(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(2)(A)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1st sentence).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30122(c)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(2)(B).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30122(d)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(2)(C).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsections (a) and (c), the words “the term” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a), the words “in the business of” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b), the words “an applicable motor vehicle safety
‚ ‚ ‚  standard prescribed under this chapter” are substituted for “an
‚ ‚ ‚  applicable Federal motor vehicle safety standard” for consistency.
‚ ‚ ‚  The words “of design” the 2d time they appear and “rendered” are
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c)(1), the words “section 30101 of this title” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “the purposes of this chapter” as being more
‚ ‚ ‚  precise.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (d), the words “with respect . . . the rendering
‚ ‚ ‚  inoperative of” are omitted as surplus.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30123‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER II – STANDARDS AND COMPLIANCE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30123. Tires

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Regrooved Tire Limitations. – (1) In this subsection,
‚ ‚ ‚  “regrooved tire” means a tire with a new tread produced by cutting
‚ ‚ ‚  into the tread of a worn tire.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) The Secretary may authorize the sale, offer for sale,
‚ ‚ ‚  introduction for sale, or delivery for introduction in interstate
‚ ‚ ‚  commerce, of a regrooved tire or a motor vehicle equipped with
‚ ‚ ‚  regrooved tires if the Secretary decides the tires are designed and
‚ ‚ ‚  made in a way consistent with section 30101 of this title. A person
‚ ‚ ‚  may not sell, offer for sale, introduce for sale, or deliver for
‚ ‚ ‚  introduction in interstate commerce, a regrooved tire or a vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚  equipped with regrooved tires unless authorized by the Secretary.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Uniform Quality Grading System, Nomenclature, and Marketing
‚ ‚ ‚  Practices. – The Secretary shall prescribe through standards a
‚ ‚ ‚  uniform quality grading system for motor vehicle tires to help
‚ ‚ ‚  consumers make an informed choice when purchasing tires. The
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary also shall cooperate with industry and the Federal Trade
‚ ‚ ‚  Commission to the greatest extent practicable to eliminate
‚ ‚ ‚  deceptive and confusing tire nomenclature and marketing practices.
‚ ‚ ‚  A tire standard or regulation prescribed under this chapter
‚ ‚ ‚  supersedes an order or administrative interpretation of the
‚ ‚ ‚  Commission.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Maximum Load Standards. – The Secretary shall require a motor
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle to be equipped with tires that meet maximum load standards
‚ ‚ ‚  when the vehicle is loaded with a reasonable amount of luggage and
‚ ‚ ‚  the total number of passengers the vehicle is designed to carry.
‚ ‚ ‚  The vehicle shall be equipped with those tires by the manufacturer
‚ ‚ ‚  or by the first purchaser when the vehicle is first bought in good
‚ ‚ ‚  faith other than for resale.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 956; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  105-178, title VII, Sec. 7106(b), June 9, 1998, 112 Stat. 467.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30123(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1421 (1st‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Secs. 201-203,‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  204(c), 205, 80 Stat. 728,‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  729.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30123(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1421 (2d ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30123(c)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1421 (last‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30123(d)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1424(a).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 204(a), 80‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 729; restated Oct. 27,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1974, Pub. L. 93-492, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  110(c), 88 Stat. 1484.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1424(c).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30123(e)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1423.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1425.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30123(f)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1422.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsections (a) and (d)(2), the words “section 30101 of this
‚ ‚ ‚  title” are substituted for “the purposes of this chapter” as being
‚ ‚ ‚  more precise.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a), the words “to a motor vehicle safety standard
‚ ‚ ‚  prescribed under this chapter” are substituted for “In all
‚ ‚ ‚  standards for . . . established under subchapter I of this chapter
‚ ‚ ‚  . . . thereto” for consistency and because of the restatement.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(1)(A) and (B), the word “suitable” is omitted
‚ ‚ ‚  as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(1)(C), the words “for a tire containing” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “unless the tire contains . . . in which case it
‚ ‚ ‚  shall also contain” to eliminate unnecessary words. The word
‚ ‚ ‚  “allowing” is substituted for “which would permit” for consistency.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(3), the word “actual” is omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(5)(A), the word “statement” is substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “recital” for clarity. The words “complies with” are substituted
‚ ‚ ‚  for “conforms to”, the words “prescribed under this chapter” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “Federal”, and the word “or” is substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “except that in lieu of such recital”, for consistency.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(5)(B), the word “appropriate” is omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (d)(2), the words “by order” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  surplus. The words “a regrooved tire or a motor vehicle equipped
‚ ‚ ‚  with regrooved tires” are substituted for “any tire or motor
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle equipped with any tire which has been regrooved” for
‚ ‚ ‚  consistency. The words “A person may not . . . unless authorized by
‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary” are substituted for “No person shall” for clarity
‚ ‚ ‚  and consistency in the revised title. The word “introduce” is
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “introduction” after “or” to correct a mistake.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (e), the words “The Secretary shall prescribe
‚ ‚ ‚  through standards” are substituted for “within two years after
‚ ‚ ‚  September 9, 1966, the Secretary shall, through standards
‚ ‚ ‚  established under subchapter I of this chapter, prescribe by order,
‚ ‚ ‚  and publish in the Federal Register” in 15:1423 to eliminate
‚ ‚ ‚  unnecessary and executed words. The text of 15:1423 (2d sentence)
‚ ‚ ‚  is omitted as executed. The last sentence is substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  15:1425 to eliminate unnecessary words.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (f), the words “In standards established under
‚ ‚ ‚  subchapter I of this chapter” and “fully” are omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚  The words “The vehicle shall be equipped” are added for clarity.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  AMENDMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1998 – Pub. L. 105-178 redesignated subsecs. (d) to (f) as (a) to
‚ ‚ ‚  (c), respectively, and struck out former subsecs. (a) to (c), which
‚ ‚ ‚  related to labeling requirements, contents of label, and additional
‚ ‚ ‚  information that may be required, respectively.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  IMPROVED TIRE INFORMATION‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 106-414, Sec. 11, Nov. 1, 2000, 114 Stat. 1806, provided
‚ ‚ ‚  that:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(a) Tire Labeling. – Within 30 days after the date of the
‚ ‚ ‚  enactment of this Act [Nov. 1, 2000], the Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation shall initiate a rulemaking proceeding to improve
‚ ‚ ‚  the labeling of tires required by section 30123 of title 49, United
‚ ‚ ‚  States Code[,] to assist consumers in identifying tires that may be
‚ ‚ ‚  the subject of a decision under section 30118(b) [of title 49] or a
‚ ‚ ‚  notice required under section 30118(c). The Secretary shall
‚ ‚ ‚  complete the rulemaking not later than June 1, 2002.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(b) Inflation Levels and Load Limits. – In the rulemaking
‚ ‚ ‚  initiated under subsection (a), the Secretary may take whatever
‚ ‚ ‚  additional action is appropriate to ensure that the public is aware
‚ ‚ ‚  of the importance of observing motor vehicle tire load limits and
‚ ‚ ‚  maintaining proper tire inflation levels for the safe operation of
‚ ‚ ‚  a motor vehicle. Such additional action may include a requirement
‚ ‚ ‚  that the manufacturer of motor vehicles provide the purchasers of
‚ ‚ ‚  the motor vehicles information on appropriate tire inflation levels
‚ ‚ ‚  and load limits if the Secretary determines that requiring such
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturers to provide such information is the most appropriate
‚ ‚ ‚  way such information can be provided.”

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  TIRE PRESSURE WARNING‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 106-414, Sec. 13, Nov. 1, 2000, 114 Stat. 1806, provided
‚ ‚ ‚  that: “Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of
‚ ‚ ‚  this Act [Nov. 1, 2000], the Secretary of Transportation shall
‚ ‚ ‚  complete a rulemaking for a regulation to require a warning system
‚ ‚ ‚  in new motor vehicles to indicate to the operator when a tire is
‚ ‚ ‚  significantly under inflated. Such requirement shall become
‚ ‚ ‚  effective not later than 2 years after the date of the completion
‚ ‚ ‚  of such rulemaking.”

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30124‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER II – STANDARDS AND COMPLIANCE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30124. Buzzers indicating nonuse of safety belts

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  A motor vehicle safety standard prescribed under this chapter may
‚ ‚ ‚  not require or allow a manufacturer to comply with the standard by
‚ ‚ ‚  using a safety belt interlock designed to prevent starting or
‚ ‚ ‚  operating a motor vehicle if an occupant is not using a safety belt
‚ ‚ ‚  or a buzzer designed to indicate a safety belt is not in use,
‚ ‚ ‚  except a buzzer that operates only during the 8-second period after
‚ ‚ ‚  the ignition is turned to the “start” or “on” position.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 957.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30124‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1410b.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  125; added Oct. 27, 1974,‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 93-492, Sec. 109, 88
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 1482.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  The text of 15:1410b(a) and (c)-(e) is omitted as obsolete. The
‚ ‚ ‚  text of 15:1410b(b)(2) and (3) and (f)(2) and (3) is omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  unnecessary because of the restatement. The words “After the
‚ ‚ ‚  effective date of the amendment prescribed under subsection (a) of
‚ ‚ ‚  this section” are omitted as executed. The words “prescribed under
‚ ‚ ‚  this chapter” are substituted for “Federal” for consistency in this
‚ ‚ ‚  chapter.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30125‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER II – STANDARDS AND COMPLIANCE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30125. Schoolbuses and schoolbus equipment

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Definitions. – In this section –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) “schoolbus” means a passenger motor vehicle designed to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  carry a driver and more than 10 passengers, that the Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation decides is likely to be used significantly to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  transport preprimary, primary, and secondary school students to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  or from school or an event related to school.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) “schoolbus equipment” means equipment designed primarily
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  for a schoolbus or manufactured or sold to replace or improve a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  system, part, or component of a schoolbus or as an accessory or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  addition to a schoolbus.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Standards. – The Secretary shall prescribe motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚  safety standards for schoolbuses and schoolbus equipment
‚ ‚ ‚  manufactured in, or imported into, the United States. Standards
‚ ‚ ‚  shall include minimum performance requirements for –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) emergency exits;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) interior protection for occupants;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) floor strength;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (4) seating systems;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (5) crashworthiness of body and frame (including protection
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  against rollover hazards);
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (6) vehicle operating systems;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (7) windows and windshields; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (8) fuel systems.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Test Driving by Manufacturers. – The Secretary may require by
‚ ‚ ‚  regulation a schoolbus to be test-driven by a manufacturer before
‚ ‚ ‚  introduction in commerce.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 957.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30125(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1391(14), (15).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102(14), (15); added Oct.‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  27, 1974, Pub. L. 93-492,‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 201, 88 Stat. 1484.‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30125(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1392(i)(1).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  103(i)(1), (2); added Oct.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  27, 1974, Pub. L. 93-492,‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 202, 88 Stat. 1484;‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  July 8, 1976, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  94-346, Sec. 2, 90 Stat. 815.
‚ ‚ ‚  30125(c)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1392(i)(2).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(F).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  108(a)(1)(F); added Oct. 27,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1974, Pub. L. 93-492, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  203, 88 Stat. 1485.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a)(1), the words “the purpose of” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a)(2), the words “any similar part or component”
‚ ‚ ‚  are omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b), before clause (1), the text of
‚ ‚ ‚  15:1392(i)(1)(A) (1st sentence) and (B) (words before 2d comma) is
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted as executed. The word “prescribe” is substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “promulgate”, and the word “Federal” is omitted, for consistency.
‚ ‚ ‚  The words “Such proposed standards” and “those aspects of
‚ ‚ ‚  performance set out in clauses (i) through (viii) of subparagraph
‚ ‚ ‚  (A) of this paragraph” are omitted because of the restatement. The
‚ ‚ ‚  word “requirements” is substituted for “standards” to avoid using
‚ ‚ ‚  “standards” in 2 different ways. The text of 15:1392(i)(1)(B) (last
‚ ‚ ‚  6 words) is omitted as executed.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c), the text of 15:1397(a)(1)(F) is omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  unnecessary because of the restatement.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30126‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER II – STANDARDS AND COMPLIANCE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30126. Used motor vehicles

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  To ensure a continuing and effective national safety program, it
‚ ‚ ‚  is the policy of the United States Government to encourage and
‚ ‚ ‚  strengthen State inspection of used motor vehicles. Therefore, the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary of Transportation shall prescribe uniform motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚  safety standards applicable to all used motor vehicles. The
‚ ‚ ‚  standards shall be stated in terms of motor vehicle safety
‚ ‚ ‚  performance.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 958.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30126‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(b)(1)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2d-last sentences).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 108(b)(1)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2d-last sentences), 80‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 722.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  The words “In order” are omitted as surplus. The words “United
‚ ‚ ‚  States Government” are substituted for “Congress” for clarity and
‚ ‚ ‚  consistency in the revised title. The words “Therefore, the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary of Transportation shall prescribe uniform motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚  safety standards applicable to all used motor vehicles” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for 15:1397(b)(1) (4th sentence) to eliminate
‚ ‚ ‚  unnecessary and executed words. The text of 15:1397(b)(1) (last
‚ ‚ ‚  sentence) is omitted as unnecessary because of 5:ch. 5, subch. II.
‚ ‚ ‚  The text of 15:1397(b)(1) (3d sentence) is omitted as executed.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30127‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER II – STANDARDS AND COMPLIANCE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30127. Automatic occupant crash protection and seat belt use

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Definitions. – In this section –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) “bus” means a motor vehicle with motive power (except a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  trailer) designed to carry more than 10 individuals.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) “multipurpose passenger vehicle” means a motor vehicle with
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  motive power (except a trailer), designed to carry not more than
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  10 individuals, that is constructed either on a truck chassis or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  with special features for occasional off-road operation.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) “passenger car” means a motor vehicle with motive power
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (except a multipurpose passenger vehicle, motorcycle, or trailer)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  designed to carry not more than 10 individuals.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (4) “truck” means a motor vehicle with motive power (except a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  trailer) designed primarily to transport property or special
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  purpose equipment.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Inflatable Restraint Requirements. – (1) Not later than
‚ ‚ ‚  September 1, 1993, the Secretary of Transportation shall prescribe
‚ ‚ ‚  under this chapter an amendment to Federal Motor Vehicle Safety
‚ ‚ ‚  Standard 208 issued under the National Traffic and Motor Vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚  Safety Act of 1966. The amendment shall require that the automatic
‚ ‚ ‚  occupant crash protection system for both of the front outboard
‚ ‚ ‚  seating positions for each of the following vehicles be an
‚ ‚ ‚  inflatable restraint (with lap and shoulder belts) complying with
‚ ‚ ‚  the occupant protection requirements under section 4.1.2.1 of
‚ ‚ ‚  Standard 208:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) 95 percent of each manufacturer’s annual production of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  passenger cars manufactured after August 31, 1996, and before
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  September 1, 1997.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) 80 percent of each manufacturer’s annual production of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  buses, multipurpose passenger vehicles, and trucks (except walk-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  in van-type trucks and vehicles designed to be sold only to the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  United States Postal Service) with a gross vehicle weight rating
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of not more than 8,500 pounds and an unloaded vehicle weight of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  not more than 5,500 pounds manufactured after August 31, 1997,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  and before September 1, 1998.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (C) 100 percent of each manufacturer’s annual production of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  passenger cars manufactured after August 31, 1997.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (D) 100 percent of each manufacturer’s annual production of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicles described in clause (B) of this paragraph manufactured
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  after August 31, 1998.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) Manufacturers may not use credits and incentives available
‚ ‚ ‚  before September 1, 1998, under the provisions of Standard 208 (as
‚ ‚ ‚  amended by this section) to comply with the requirements of
‚ ‚ ‚  paragraph (1)(D) of this subsection after August 31, 1998.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Owner Manual Requirements. – In amending Standard 208, the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary of Transportation shall require, to be effective as soon
‚ ‚ ‚  as possible after the amendment is prescribed, that owner manuals
‚ ‚ ‚  for passenger cars, buses, multipurpose passenger vehicles, and
‚ ‚ ‚  trucks equipped with an inflatable restraint include a statement in
‚ ‚ ‚  an easily understandable format stating that –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) either or both of the front outboard seating positions of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the vehicle are equipped with an inflatable restraint referred to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  as an “airbag” and a lap and shoulder belt;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) the “airbag” is a supplemental restraint and is not a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  substitute for lap and shoulder belts;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) lap and shoulder belts also must be used correctly by an
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  occupant in a front outboard seating position to provide
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  restraint or protection from frontal crashes as well as other
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  types of crashes or accidents; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (4) occupants should always wear their lap and shoulder belts,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  if available, or other safety belts, whether or not there is an
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  inflatable restraint.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d) Seat Belt Use Laws. – Congress finds that it is in the public
‚ ‚ ‚  interest for each State to adopt and enforce mandatory seat belt
‚ ‚ ‚  use laws and for the United States Government to adopt and enforce
‚ ‚ ‚  mandatory seat belt use regulations.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (e) Temporary Exemptions. – (1) On application of a manufacturer,
‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary of Transportation may exempt, on a temporary basis,
‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicles of that manufacturer from any requirement under
‚ ‚ ‚  subsections (b) and (c) of this section on terms the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  considers appropriate. An exemption may be renewed.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) The Secretary of Transportation may grant an exemption under
‚ ‚ ‚  paragraph (1) of this subsection if the Secretary finds that there
‚ ‚ ‚  has been a disruption in the supply of any component of an
‚ ‚ ‚  inflatable restraint or in the use and installation of that
‚ ‚ ‚  component by the manufacturer because of an unavoidable event not
‚ ‚ ‚  under the control of the manufacturer that will prevent the
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer from meeting its anticipated production volume of
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicles with those restraints.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) Only an affected manufacturer may apply for an exemption. The
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary of Transportation shall prescribe in the amendment to
‚ ‚ ‚  Standard 208 required under this section the information an
‚ ‚ ‚  affected manufacturer must include in its application under this
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection. The manufacturer shall specify in the application the
‚ ‚ ‚  models, lines, and types of vehicles affected. The Secretary may
‚ ‚ ‚  consolidate similar applications from different manufacturers.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (4) An exemption or renewal of an exemption is conditioned on the
‚ ‚ ‚  commitment of the manufacturer to recall the exempted vehicles for
‚ ‚ ‚  installation of the omitted inflatable restraints within a
‚ ‚ ‚  reasonable time that the manufacturer proposes and the Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation approves after the components become available in
‚ ‚ ‚  sufficient quantities to satisfy both anticipated production and
‚ ‚ ‚  recall volume requirements.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (5) The Secretary of Transportation shall publish in the Federal
‚ ‚ ‚  Register a notice of each application under this subsection and
‚ ‚ ‚  each decision to grant or deny a temporary exemption and the
‚ ‚ ‚  reasons for the decision.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (6) The Secretary of Transportation shall require a label for
‚ ‚ ‚  each exempted vehicle that can be removed only after recall and
‚ ‚ ‚  installation of the required inflatable restraint. The Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  shall require that written notice of the exemption be provided to
‚ ‚ ‚  the dealer and the first purchaser of each exempted vehicle other
‚ ‚ ‚  than for resale, with the notice being provided in a way, and
‚ ‚ ‚  containing the information, the Secretary considers appropriate.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (f) Application. – (1) This section revises, but does not
‚ ‚ ‚  replace, Standard 208 as in effect on December 18, 1991, including
‚ ‚ ‚  the amendment of March 26, 1991 (56 Fed. Reg. 12472), to Standard
‚ ‚ ‚  208, extending the requirements for automatic crash protection,
‚ ‚ ‚  with incentives for more innovative automatic crash protection, to
‚ ‚ ‚  trucks, buses, and multipurpose passenger vehicles. This section
‚ ‚ ‚  may not be construed as –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) affecting another provision of law carried out by the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary of Transportation applicable to passenger cars, buses,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  multipurpose passenger vehicles, or trucks; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) establishing a precedent related to developing or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  prescribing a Government motor vehicle safety standard.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) This section and amendments to Standard 208 made under this
‚ ‚ ‚  section may not be construed as indicating an intention by Congress
‚ ‚ ‚  to affect any liability of a motor vehicle manufacturer under
‚ ‚ ‚  applicable law related to vehicles with or without inflatable
‚ ‚ ‚  restraints.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (g) Report. – (1) On October 1, 1992, and annually after that
‚ ‚ ‚  date through October 1, 2000, the Secretary of Transportation shall
‚ ‚ ‚  submit reports on the effectiveness of occupant restraint systems
‚ ‚ ‚  expressed as a percentage reduction in fatalities or injuries of
‚ ‚ ‚  restrained occupants compared to unrestrained occupants for –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) a combination of inflated restraints and lap and shoulder
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  belts;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) inflated restraints only; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (C) lap and shoulder belts only.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) In consultation with the Secretaries of Labor and Defense,
‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary of Transportation also shall provide information and
‚ ‚ ‚  analysis on lap and shoulder belt use, nationally and in each State
‚ ‚ ‚  by –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) military personnel;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) Government, State, and local law enforcement officers;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (C) other Government and State employees; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (D) the public.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (h) Airbags for Government Cars. – In cooperation with the
‚ ‚ ‚  Administrator of General Services and the heads of appropriate
‚ ‚ ‚  departments, agencies, and instrumentalities of the Government, the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary of Transportation shall establish a program, consistent
‚ ‚ ‚  with applicable procurement laws of the Government and available
‚ ‚ ‚  appropriations, requiring that all passenger cars acquired –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) after September 30, 1994, for use by the Government be
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  equipped, to the maximum extent practicable, with driver-side
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  inflatable restraints; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) after September 30, 1996, for use by the Government be
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  equipped, to the maximum extent practicable, with inflatable
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  restraints for both front outboard seating positions.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 958; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  105-178, title VII, Sec. 7106(c), June 9, 1998, 112 Stat. 467.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30127(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1392 (note).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Dec. 18, 1991, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102-240, Sec. 2502(a), 105‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 2081.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30127(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1392 (note).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Dec. 18, 1991, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102-240, Sec. 2508(a)(1)‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1st sentence), (b), 105‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 2084, 2085.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30127(c)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1392 (note).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Dec. 18, 1991, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102-240, Sec. 2508(a)(2),‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  105 Stat. 2085.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30127(d)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1392 (note).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Dec. 18, 1991, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102-240, Sec. 2508(a)(3),‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  105 Stat. 2085.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30127(e)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1392 (note).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Dec. 18, 1991, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102-240, Sec. 2508(c), 105‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 2086.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30127(f)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1392 (note).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Dec. 18, 1991, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102-240, Sec. 2508(a)(1)‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (last sentence), (d), 105‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 2085, 2086.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30127(g)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1392 (note).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Dec. 18, 1991, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102-240, Sec. 2508(e), 105‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 2086.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30127(h)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1392 (note).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Dec. 18, 1991, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102-240, Sec. 2508(f), 105‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 2087.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a), the definitions are derived from section
‚ ‚ ‚  2502(a) of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of
‚ ‚ ‚  1991 (Public Law 102-240, 105 Stat. 2081) and are restated because
‚ ‚ ‚  those definitions apply to the source provisions being restated in
‚ ‚ ‚  this section.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(1), before clause (A), the words
‚ ‚ ‚  “Notwithstanding any other provision of law or rule” and “(to the
‚ ‚ ‚  extent such Act is not in conflict with the provisions of this
‚ ‚ ‚  section)” are omitted as unnecessary because of the restatement.
‚ ‚ ‚  The words “The amendment shall require” are substituted for “The
‚ ‚ ‚  amendment promulgated under subsection (a) shall establish the
‚ ‚ ‚  following schedule” for clarity. The words “manufactured on or
‚ ‚ ‚  after the dates specified in the applicable schedule established by
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection (b)”, “The amendment shall take effect”, and “Subject to
‚ ‚ ‚  the provisions of subsection (c)” are omitted as unnecessary
‚ ‚ ‚  because of the restatement. The words “for both of the front
‚ ‚ ‚  outboard seating positions for each” are substituted for “for the
‚ ‚ ‚  front outboard designated seating positions of each” for clarity.
‚ ‚ ‚  In clause (B), the word “new” is omitted as unnecessary because of
‚ ‚ ‚  the restatement. The word “only” is substituted for “exclusively”
‚ ‚ ‚  for consistency in the revised title.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(2), the words “after August 31, 1998” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “on and after such date” for clarity.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c), before clause (1), the words “In amending
‚ ‚ ‚  Standard 208, the Secretary of Transportation shall require” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “The amendment to such Standard 208 shall also
‚ ‚ ‚  require” for clarity and to eliminate unnecessary words.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (e)(3), the words “Only an affected manufacturer
‚ ‚ ‚  may apply for an exemption” are added for clarity. The words
‚ ‚ ‚  “consolidate similar applications from different manufacturers” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “consolidate applications of a similar nature of 1
‚ ‚ ‚  or more manufacturers” for clarity.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (f)(1), before clause (A), the words “by the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary or any other person, including any court” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  surplus. In clause (A), the word “affecting” is substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “altering or affecting” to eliminate an unnecessary word.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (f)(2), the words “by any person or court” are
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted as unnecessary. The word “affect” is substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “affect, change, or modify” to eliminate unnecessary words.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (g)(1), before clause (A), the words “and every 6
‚ ‚ ‚  months after that date through” are substituted for “biannually . .
‚ ‚ ‚  . and continuing to” for clarity. The word “actual” is omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  unnecessary. The word “expressed” is substituted for “defined” for
‚ ‚ ‚  clarity.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (g)(2)(C), the words “other Government and State
‚ ‚ ‚  employees” are substituted for “Federal and State employees other
‚ ‚ ‚  than law enforcement officers” for clarity and because of the
‚ ‚ ‚  restatement.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (h)(2), the words “for both front outboard seating
‚ ‚ ‚  positions” are substituted for “for both the driver and front seat
‚ ‚ ‚  outboard seating positions” for clarity and consistency in this
‚ ‚ ‚  section.

-REFTEXT-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  REFERENCES IN TEXT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  The National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1966,
‚ ‚ ‚  referred to in subsec. (b)(1), is Pub. L. 89-563, Sept. 9, 1966, 80
‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 718, as amended, which was classified generally to chapter 38
‚ ‚ ‚  (Sec. 1381 et seq.) of Title 15, Commerce and Trade, and was
‚ ‚ ‚  substantially repealed by Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 7(b), July 5, 1994,
‚ ‚ ‚  108 Stat. 1379, and reenacted by the first section thereof as this
‚ ‚ ‚  chapter.
-MISC2-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  AMENDMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1998 – Subsec. (g)(1). Pub. L. 105-178 substituted “annually” for
‚ ‚ ‚  “every 6 months” in introductory provisions.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  IMPROVING THE SAFETY OF CHILD RESTRAINTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 107-318, Dec. 4, 2002, 116 Stat. 2772, provided that:

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “This Act may be cited as ‘Anton’s Law’.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 2. FINDINGS.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “Congress finds the following:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) It is the policy of the Department of Transportation that
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  all child occupants of motor vehicles, regardless of seating
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  position, be appropriately restrained in order to reduce the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  incidence of injuries and fatalities resulting from motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  crashes on the streets, roads, and highways.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) Research has shown that very few children between the ages
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of 4 to 8 years old are in the appropriate restraint for their
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  age when riding in passenger motor vehicles.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(3) Children who have outgrown their child safety seats should
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  ride in a belt-positioning booster seat until an adult seat belt
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  fits properly.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(4) Children who were properly restrained when riding in
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  passenger motor vehicles suffered less severe injuries from
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  accidents than children not properly restrained.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 3. IMPROVEMENT OF SAFETY OF CHILD RESTRAINTS IN PASSENGER
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  MOTOR VEHICLES.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(a) In General. – The Secretary of Transportation (hereafter
‚ ‚ ‚  referred to as the ‘Secretary’) shall initiate a rulemaking
‚ ‚ ‚  proceeding to establish performance requirements for child
‚ ‚ ‚  restraints, including booster seats, for the restraint of children
‚ ‚ ‚  weighing more than 50 pounds.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(b) Elements for Consideration. – In the rulemaking proceeding
‚ ‚ ‚  required by subsection (a), the Secretary shall –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) consider whether to include injury performance criteria
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  for child restraints, including booster seats and other products
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  for use in passenger motor vehicles for the restraint of children
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  weighing more than 50 pounds, under the requirements established
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  in the rulemaking proceeding;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) consider whether to establish performance requirements for
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  seat belt fit when used with booster seats and other belt
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  guidance devices;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(3) consider whether to address situations where children
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  weighing more than 50 pounds only have access to seating
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  positions with lap belts, such as allowing tethered child
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  restraints for such children; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(4) review the definition of the term ‘booster seat’ in
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Federal motor vehicle safety standard No. 213 under section
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  571.213 of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, to determine if
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  it is sufficiently comprehensive.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(c) Completion. – The Secretary shall complete the rulemaking
‚ ‚ ‚  proceeding required by subsection (a) not later than 30 months
‚ ‚ ‚  after the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 4, 2002].

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 4. DEVELOPMENT OF ANTHROPOMORPHIC TEST DEVICE SIMULATING A
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  10-YEAR OLD CHILD.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(a) Development and Evaluation. – Not later than 24 months after
‚ ‚ ‚  the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 4, 2002], the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  shall develop and evaluate an anthropomorphic test device that
‚ ‚ ‚  simulates a 10-year old child for use in testing child restraints
‚ ‚ ‚  used in passenger motor vehicles.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(b) Adoption by Rulemaking. – Within 1 year following the
‚ ‚ ‚  development and evaluation carried out under subsection (a), the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary shall initiate a rulemaking proceeding for the adoption
‚ ‚ ‚  of an anthropomorphic test device as developed under subsection
‚ ‚ ‚  (a).

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 5. REQUIREMENTS FOR INSTALLATION OF LAP AND SHOULDER BELTS.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(a) In General. – Not later than 24 months after the date of the
‚ ‚ ‚  enactment of this Act [Dec. 4, 2002], the Secretary shall complete
‚ ‚ ‚  a rulemaking proceeding to amend Federal motor vehicle safety
‚ ‚ ‚  standard No. 208 under section 571.208 of title 49, Code of Federal
‚ ‚ ‚  Regulations, relating to occupant crash protection, in order to –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) require a lap and shoulder belt assembly for each rear
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  designated seating position in a passenger motor vehicle with a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  gross vehicle weight rating of 10,000 pounds or less, except that
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  if the Secretary determines that installation of a lap and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  shoulder belt assembly is not practicable for a particular
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  designated seating position in a particular type of passenger
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicle, the Secretary may exclude the designated seating
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  position from the requirement; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) apply that requirement to passenger motor vehicles in
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  phases in accordance with subsection (b).
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(b) Implementation Schedule. – The requirement prescribed under
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection (a)(1) shall be implemented in phases on a production
‚ ‚ ‚  year basis beginning with the production year that begins not later
‚ ‚ ‚  than 12 months after the end of the year in which the regulations
‚ ‚ ‚  are prescribed under subsection (a). The final rule shall apply to
‚ ‚ ‚  all passenger motor vehicles with a gross vehicle weight rating of
‚ ‚ ‚  10,000 pounds or less that are manufactured in the third production
‚ ‚ ‚  year of the implementation phase-in under the schedule.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 6. EVALUATION OF INTEGRATED CHILD SAFETY SYSTEMS.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(a) Evaluation. – Not later than 180 days after the date of
‚ ‚ ‚  enactment of this Act [Dec. 4, 2002], the Secretary shall initiate
‚ ‚ ‚  an evaluation of integrated or built-in child restraints and
‚ ‚ ‚  booster seats. The evaluation should include –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) the safety of the child restraint and correctness of fit
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  for the child;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) the availability of testing data on the system and vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  in which the child restraint will be used;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(3) the compatibility of the child restraint with different
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  makes and models;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(4) the cost-effectiveness of mass production of the child
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  restraint for consumers;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(5) the ease of use and relative availability of the child
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  restraint to children riding in motor vehicles; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(6) the benefits of built-in seats for improving compliance
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  with State child occupant restraint laws.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(b) Report. – Not later than 12 months after the date of
‚ ‚ ‚  enactment of this Act [Dec. 4, 2002], the Secretary shall transmit
‚ ‚ ‚  to the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of
‚ ‚ ‚  Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and
‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation of the Senate a report of this evaluation.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 7. DEFINITIONS.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “As used in this Act, the following definitions apply:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) Child restraint. – The term ‘child restraint’ means any
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  product designed to provide restraint to a child (including
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  booster seats and other products used with a lap and shoulder
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  belt assembly) that meets applicable Federal motor vehicle safety
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  standards prescribed by the National Highway Traffic Safety
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Administration.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) Production year. – The term ‘production year’ means the 12-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  month period between September 1 of a year and August 31 of the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  following year.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(3) Passenger motor vehicle. – The term ‘passenger motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle’ has the meaning given that term in section 405(f)(5) of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  title 23, United States Code.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 8. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(a) In General. – There are authorized to be appropriated
‚ ‚ ‚  $5,000,000 to the Secretary of Transportation for –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) the evaluation required by section 6 of this Act; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) research of the nature and causes of injury to children
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  involved in motor vehicle crashes.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(b) Limitation. – Funds appropriated under subsection (a) shall
‚ ‚ ‚  not be available for the general administrative expenses of the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary.”
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 106-414, Sec. 14, Nov. 1, 2000, 114 Stat. 1806, provided
‚ ‚ ‚  that:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(a) In General. – Not later than 12 months after the date of the
‚ ‚ ‚  enactment of this Act [Nov. 1, 2000], the Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation shall initiate a rulemaking for the purpose of
‚ ‚ ‚  improving the safety of child restraints, including minimizing head
‚ ‚ ‚  injuries from side impact collisions.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(b) Elements for Consideration. – In the rulemaking required by
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection (a), the Secretary shall consider –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) whether to require more comprehensive tests for child
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  restraints than the current Federal motor vehicle safety
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  standards requires, including the use of dynamic tests that –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(A) replicate an array of crash conditions, such as side-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  impact crashes and rear-impact crashes; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(B) reflect the designs of passenger motor vehicles as of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 1, 2000];
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) whether to require the use of anthropomorphic test devices
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  that –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(A) represent a greater range of sizes of children including
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the need to require the use of an anthropomorphic test device
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  that is representative of a ten-year-old child; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(B) are Hybrid III anthropomorphic test devices;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(3) whether to require improved protection from head injuries
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  in side-impact and rear-impact crashes;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(4) how to provide consumer information on the physical
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  compatibility of child restraints and vehicle seats on a model-by-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  model basis;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(5) whether to prescribe clearer and simpler labels and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  instructions required to be placed on child restraints;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(6) whether to amend Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  213 (49 CFR 571.213) to cover restraints for children weighing up
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  to 80 pounds;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(7) whether to establish booster seat performance and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  structural integrity requirements to be dynamically tested in 3-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  point lap and shoulder belts;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(8) whether to apply scaled injury criteria performance
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  levels, including neck injury, developed for Federal Motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Vehicle Safety Standard No. 208 to child restraints and booster
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  seats covered by in Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  213; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(9) whether to include child restraint in each vehicle crash
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  tested under the New Car Assessment Program.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(c) Report to Congress. – If the Secretary does not incorporate
‚ ‚ ‚  any element described in subsection (b) in the final rule, the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary shall explain, in a report to the Senate Committee on
‚ ‚ ‚  Commerce, Science, and Transportation and the House of
‚ ‚ ‚  Representatives Committee on Commerce [now Committee on Energy and
‚ ‚ ‚  Commerce] submitted within 30 days after issuing the final rule,
‚ ‚ ‚  specifically why the Secretary did not incorporate any such element
‚ ‚ ‚  in the final rule.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(d) Completion. – Notwithstanding any other provision of law,
‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary shall complete the rulemaking required by subsection
‚ ‚ ‚  (a) not later than 24 months after the date of the enactment of
‚ ‚ ‚  this Act [Nov. 1, 2000].
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(e) Child Restraint Defined. – In this section, the term ‘child
‚ ‚ ‚  restraint’ has the meaning given the term ‘Child restraint system’
‚ ‚ ‚  in section 571.213 of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations (as in
‚ ‚ ‚  effect on the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 1, 2000]).
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(f) Funding. – For each fiscal year, of the funds made available
‚ ‚ ‚  to the Secretary for activities relating to safety, not less than
‚ ‚ ‚  $750,000 shall be made available to carry out crash testing of
‚ ‚ ‚  child restraints.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(g) Child Restraint Safety Ratings Program. – No later than 12
‚ ‚ ‚  months after the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 1, 2000],
‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary of Transportation shall issue a notice of proposed
‚ ‚ ‚  rulemaking to establish a child restraint safety rating consumer
‚ ‚ ‚  information program to provide practicable, readily understandable,
‚ ‚ ‚  and timely information to consumers for use in making informed
‚ ‚ ‚  decisions in the purchase of child restraints. No later than 24
‚ ‚ ‚  months after the date of the enactment of this Act the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  shall issue a final rule establishing a child restraint safety
‚ ‚ ‚  rating program and providing other consumer information which the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary determines would be useful [to] consumers who purchase
‚ ‚ ‚  child restraint systems.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(h) Booster Seat Study. – In addition to consideration of
‚ ‚ ‚  booster seat performance and structural integrity contained in
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection (b)(7), not later than 12 months after the date of the
‚ ‚ ‚  enactment of this Act [Nov. 1, 2000], the Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation shall initiate and complete a study, taking into
‚ ‚ ‚  account the views of the public, on the use and effectiveness of
‚ ‚ ‚  automobile booster seats for children, compiling information on the
‚ ‚ ‚  advantages and disadvantages of using booster seats and determining
‚ ‚ ‚  the benefits, if any, to children from use of booster with lap and
‚ ‚ ‚  shoulder belts compared to children using lap and shoulder belts
‚ ‚ ‚  alone, and submit a report on the results of that study to the
‚ ‚ ‚  Congress.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(i) Booster Seat Education Program. – The Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation within 1 year after the date of the enactment of
‚ ‚ ‚  this Act [Nov. 1, 2000] shall develop [a] 5 year strategic plan to
‚ ‚ ‚  reduce deaths and injuries caused by failure to use the appropriate
‚ ‚ ‚  booster seat in the 4 to 8 year old age group by 25 percent.”

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  IMPROVING AIR BAG SAFETY‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 105-178, title VII, Sec. 7103, June 9, 1998, 112 Stat.
‚ ‚ ‚  465, provided that:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(a) Rulemaking To Improve Air Bags. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) Notice of proposed rulemaking. – Not later than September
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1, 1998, the Secretary of Transportation shall issue a notice of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  proposed rulemaking to improve occupant protection for occupants
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of different sizes, belted and unbelted, under Federal Motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Vehicle Safety Standard No. 208, while minimizing the risk to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  infants, children, and other occupants from injuries and deaths
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  caused by air bags, by means that include advanced air bags.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) Final rule. – Notwithstanding any other provision of law,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary shall complete the rulemaking required by this
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  subsection by issuing, not later than September 1, 1999, a final
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  rule with any provision the Secretary deems appropriate,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  consistent with paragraph (1) and the requirements of section
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  30111, title 49, United States Code. If the Secretary determines
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  that the final rule cannot be completed by that date to meet the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  purposes of paragraph (1), the Secretary may extend the date for
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  issuing the final rule to not later than March 1, 2000.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(3) Effective date. – The final rule issued under this
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  subsection shall become effective in phases as rapidly as
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  practicable, beginning not earlier than September 1, 2002, and no
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sooner than 30 months after the date of the issuance of the final
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  rule, but not later than September 1, 2003. The final rule shall
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  become fully effective for all vehicles identified in section
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  30127(b), title 49, United States Code, that are manufactured on
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  and after September 1, 2005. Should the phase-in of the final
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  rule required by this paragraph commence on September 1, 2003,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  then in that event, and only in that event, the Secretary is
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  authorized to make the final rule fully effective on September 1,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  2006, for all vehicles that are manufactured on and after that
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  date.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(4) Coordination of effective dates. – The requirements of S13
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of Standard No. 208 shall remain in effect unless and until
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  changed by the rule required by this subsection.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(5) Credit for early compliance. – To encourage early
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  compliance, the Secretary is directed to include in the notice of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  proposed rulemaking required by paragraph (1) means by which
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturers may earn credits for future compliance. Credits, on
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  a one-vehicle for one-vehicle basis, may be earned for vehicles
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  certified as being in full compliance under section 30115 of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  title 49, United States Code, with the rule required by paragraph
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) which are either –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(A) so certified in advance of the phase-in period; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(B) in excess of the percentage requirements during the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  phase-in period.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(b) Advisory Committees. – Any government advisory committee,
‚ ‚ ‚  task force, or other entity involving air bags shall include
‚ ‚ ‚  representatives of consumer and safety organizations, insurers,
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturers, and suppliers.”

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30128‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER II – STANDARDS AND COMPLIANCE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30128. Vehicle rollover prevention and crash mitigation

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) In General. – The Secretary shall initiate rulemaking
‚ ‚ ‚  proceedings, for the purpose of establishing rules or standards
‚ ‚ ‚  that will reduce vehicle rollover crashes and mitigate deaths and
‚ ‚ ‚  injuries associated with such crashes for motor vehicles with a
‚ ‚ ‚  gross vehicle weight rating of not more than 10,000 pounds.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Rollover Prevention. – One of the rulemaking proceedings
‚ ‚ ‚  initiated under subsection (a) shall be to establish performance
‚ ‚ ‚  criteria to reduce the occurrence of rollovers consistent with
‚ ‚ ‚  stability enhancing technologies. The Secretary shall issue a
‚ ‚ ‚  proposed rule in this proceeding by rule by October 1, 2006, and a
‚ ‚ ‚  final rule by April 1, 2009.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Occupant Ejection Prevention. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) In general. – The Secretary shall also initiate a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  rulemaking proceeding to establish performance standards to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  reduce complete and partial ejections of vehicle occupants from
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  outboard seating positions. In formulating the standards the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary shall consider various ejection mitigation systems. The
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary shall issue a final rule under this paragraph no later
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  than October 1, 2009.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) Door locks and door retention. – The Secretary shall
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  complete the rulemaking proceeding initiated to upgrade Federal
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 206, relating to door locks and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  door retention, no later than 30 months after the date of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  enactment of this section.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d) Protection of Occupants. – One of the rulemaking proceedings
‚ ‚ ‚  initiated under subsection (a) shall be to establish performance
‚ ‚ ‚  criteria to upgrade Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 216
‚ ‚ ‚  relating to roof strength for driver and passenger sides. The
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary may consider industry and independent dynamic tests that
‚ ‚ ‚  realistically duplicate the actual forces transmitted during a
‚ ‚ ‚  rollover crash. The Secretary shall issue a proposed rule by
‚ ‚ ‚  December 31, 2005, and a final rule by July 1, 2008.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (e) Deadlines. – If the Secretary determines that the deadline
‚ ‚ ‚  for a final rule under this section cannot be met, the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  shall –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) notify the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation and the House of Representatives Committee on
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Energy and Commerce and explain why that deadline cannot be met;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) establish a new deadline.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Added Pub. L. 109-59, title X, Sec. 10301(a), Aug. 10, 2005, 119
‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 1939.)

-REFTEXT-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  REFERENCES IN TEXT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  The date of enactment of this section, referred to in subsec.
‚ ‚ ‚  (c)(2), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 109-59, which was
‚ ‚ ‚  approved Aug. 10, 2005.

-COD-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  CODIFICATION‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section 10301(a) of Pub. L. 109-59, which directed that this
‚ ‚ ‚  section be added at the end of subchapter II of chapter 301,
‚ ‚ ‚  without specifying the title to be amended, was executed by adding
‚ ‚ ‚  this section at the end of subchapter II of this chapter, to
‚ ‚ ‚  reflect the probable intent of Congress.

-End-
-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC SUBCHAPTER III – IMPORTING NONCOMPLYING MOTOR
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  VEHICLES AND EQUIPMENT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER III – IMPORTING NONCOMPLYING MOTOR VEHICLES AND EQUIPMENT

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER III – IMPORTING NONCOMPLYING MOTOR VEHICLES AND
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  EQUIPMENT

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30141‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER III – IMPORTING NONCOMPLYING MOTOR VEHICLES AND EQUIPMENT

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30141. Importing motor vehicles capable of complying with
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  standards

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) General. – Section 30112(a) of this title does not apply to a
‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicle if –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) on the initiative of the Secretary of Transportation or on
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  petition of a manufacturer or importer registered under
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  subsection (c) of this section, the Secretary decides –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) the vehicle is –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (i) substantially similar to a motor vehicle originally
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  manufactured for import into and sale in the United States;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (ii) certified under section 30115 of this title;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (iii) the same model year (as defined under regulations of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary of Transportation) as the model of the motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle it is being compared to; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (iv) capable of being readily altered to comply with
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  applicable motor vehicle safety standards prescribed under
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  this chapter; or

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) if there is no substantially similar United States motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle, the safety features of the vehicle comply with or are
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  capable of being altered to comply with those standards based
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  on destructive test information or other evidence the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of Transportation decides is adequate;

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) the vehicle is imported by a registered importer; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) the registered importer pays the annual fee the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of Transportation establishes under subsection (e) of this
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  section to pay for the costs of carrying out the registration
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  program for importers under subsection (c) of this section and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  any other fees the Secretary of Transportation establishes to pay
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  for the costs of –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) processing bonds provided to the Secretary of the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Treasury under subsection (d) of this section; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) making the decisions under this subchapter.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Procedures on Deciding on Motor Vehicle Capability. – (1) The
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary of Transportation shall establish by regulation
‚ ‚ ‚  procedures for making a decision under subsection (a)(1) of this
‚ ‚ ‚  section and the information a petitioner must provide to show
‚ ‚ ‚  clearly that the motor vehicle is capable of being brought into
‚ ‚ ‚  compliance with applicable motor vehicle safety standards
‚ ‚ ‚  prescribed under this chapter. In establishing the procedures, the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary shall provide for a minimum period of public notice and
‚ ‚ ‚  written comment consistent with ensuring expeditious, but complete,
‚ ‚ ‚  consideration and avoiding delay by any person. In making a
‚ ‚ ‚  decision under those procedures, the Secretary shall consider test
‚ ‚ ‚  information and other information available to the Secretary,
‚ ‚ ‚  including any information provided by the manufacturer. If the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary makes a negative decision, the Secretary may not make
‚ ‚ ‚  another decision for the same model until at least 3 calendar
‚ ‚ ‚  months have elapsed after the negative decision.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) The Secretary of Transportation shall publish each year in
‚ ‚ ‚  the Federal Register a list of all decisions made under subsection
‚ ‚ ‚  (a)(1) of this section. Each published decision applies to the
‚ ‚ ‚  model of the motor vehicle for which the decision was made. A
‚ ‚ ‚  positive decision permits another importer registered under
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection (c) of this section to import a vehicle of the same
‚ ‚ ‚  model under this section if the importer complies with all the
‚ ‚ ‚  terms of the decision.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Registration. – (1) The Secretary of Transportation shall
‚ ‚ ‚  establish procedures for registering a person who complies with
‚ ‚ ‚  requirements prescribed by the Secretary by regulation under this
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection, including –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) recordkeeping requirements;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) inspection of records and facilities related to motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicles the person has imported, altered, or both; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (C) requirements that ensure that the importer (or a successor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  in interest) will be able technically and financially to carry
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  out responsibilities under sections 30117(b), 30118-30121, and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  30166(f) of this title.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) The Secretary of Transportation shall deny registration to a
‚ ‚ ‚  person whose registration is revoked under paragraph (4) of this
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) The Secretary of Transportation may deny registration to a
‚ ‚ ‚  person that is or was owned or controlled by, or under common
‚ ‚ ‚  ownership or control with, a person whose registration was revoked
‚ ‚ ‚  under paragraph (4) of this subsection.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (4) The Secretary of Transportation shall establish procedures
‚ ‚ ‚  for –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) revoking or suspending a registration issued under
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  paragraph (1) of this subsection for not complying with a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  requirement of this subchapter or any of sections 30112, 30115,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  30117-30122, 30125(c), 30127, or 30166 of this title or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  regulations prescribed under this subchapter or any of those
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sections;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) automatically suspending a registration for not paying a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  fee under subsection (a)(3) of this section in a timely manner or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  for knowingly filing a false or misleading certification under
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  section 30146 of this title; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (C) reinstating suspended registrations.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d) Bonds. – (1) A person importing a motor vehicle under this
‚ ‚ ‚  section shall provide a bond to the Secretary of the Treasury
‚ ‚ ‚  (acting for the Secretary of Transportation) and comply with the
‚ ‚ ‚  terms the Secretary of Transportation decides are appropriate to
‚ ‚ ‚  ensure that the vehicle –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) will comply with applicable motor vehicle safety standards
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  prescribed under this chapter within a reasonable time (specified
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  by the Secretary of Transportation) after the vehicle is
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  imported; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) will be exported (at no cost to the United States
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Government) by the Secretary of the Treasury or abandoned to the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Government.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) The amount of the bond provided under this subsection shall
‚ ‚ ‚  be at least equal to the dutiable value of the motor vehicle (as
‚ ‚ ‚  determined by the Secretary of the Treasury) but not more than 150
‚ ‚ ‚  percent of that value.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (e) Fee Review, Adjustment, and Use. – The Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation shall review and make appropriate adjustments at
‚ ‚ ‚  least every 2 years in the amounts of the fees required to be paid
‚ ‚ ‚  under subsection (a)(3) of this section. The Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation shall establish the fees for each fiscal year before
‚ ‚ ‚  the beginning of that year. All fees collected remain available
‚ ‚ ‚  until expended without fiscal year limit to the extent provided in
‚ ‚ ‚  advance by appropriation laws. The amounts are only for use by the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary of Transportation –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) in carrying out this section and sections 30146(a)-(c)(1),
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d), and (e) and 30147(b) of this title; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) in advancing to the Secretary of the Treasury amounts for
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  costs incurred under this section and section 30146 of this title
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  to reimburse the Secretary of the Treasury for those costs.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 960; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  103-429, Sec. 6(23), Oct. 31, 1994, 108 Stat. 4380.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  PUB. L. 103-272‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30141(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(c)(3)(A),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (C)(i).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  108(c)(2), (3)(A)-(D); added
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Oct. 31, 1988, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  100-562, Sec. 2(b), 102‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 2818.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30141(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(c)(3)(C)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (ii)-(iv).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30141(c)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(c)(3)(D).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30141(d)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(c)(2).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30141(e)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(c)(3)(B).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a)(1)(A)(iv), the words “prescribed under this
‚ ‚ ‚  chapter” are substituted for “Federal” for consistency in this
‚ ‚ ‚  chapter.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a)(3), before clause (A), the words “any other
‚ ‚ ‚  fees” are substituted for “such other annual fee or fees” to
‚ ‚ ‚  eliminate unnecessary words. In clause (B), the words “this
‚ ‚ ‚  subchapter” are substituted for “this section” for clarity. See H.
‚ ‚ ‚  Rept. No. 100-431, 100th Cong., 1st Sess., p. 19 (1987).
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(1), the words “procedures for making a decision
‚ ‚ ‚  under subsection (a)(1) of this section” are substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “procedures for considering such petitions” and “procedures for
‚ ‚ ‚  determinations made on the Secretary’s initiative” because of the
‚ ‚ ‚  restatement. The words “(whether or not confidential)” are omitted
‚ ‚ ‚  as unnecessary because of the restatement.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(2), the word “permits” is substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “shall be sufficient authority” for clarity. The word “conditions”
‚ ‚ ‚  is omitted as being included in “terms”.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c)(1), before clause (A), the words “under this
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection” are added for clarity. The word “including” is
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “include, as a minimum” to eliminate unnecessary
‚ ‚ ‚  words. In clause (B), the words “(relating to discovery,
‚ ‚ ‚  notification, and remedy of defects)” are omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c)(3), the words “directly or indirectly” are
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted as unnecessary because of the restatement.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (d)(1), before clause (A), the word “conditions” is
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted as being included in “terms”.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  PUB. L. 103-429‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  This amends 49:30141(c)(4)(A) and 30165(a) to correct erroneous
‚ ‚ ‚  cross-references.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  AMENDMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1994 – Subsec. (c)(4)(A). Pub. L. 103-429 substituted “any of
‚ ‚ ‚  sections 30112” for “section 30112” and inserted “any of” before
‚ ‚ ‚  “those sections”.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1994 AMENDMENT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Amendment by Pub. L. 103-429 effective July 5, 1994, see section
‚ ‚ ‚  9 of Pub. L. 103-429, set out as a note under section 321 of this
‚ ‚ ‚  title.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30142‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER III – IMPORTING NONCOMPLYING MOTOR VEHICLES AND EQUIPMENT

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30142. Importing motor vehicles for personal use

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) General. – Section 30112(a) of this title does not apply to
‚ ‚ ‚  an imported motor vehicle if –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) the vehicle is imported for personal use, and not for
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  resale, by an individual (except an individual described in
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sections 30143 and 30144 of this title);
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) the vehicle is imported after January 31, 1990; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) the individual takes the actions required under subsection
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) of this section to receive an exemption.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Exemptions. – (1) To receive an exemption under subsection
‚ ‚ ‚  (a) of this section, an individual must –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) provide the Secretary of the Treasury (acting for the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary of Transportation) with –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (i) an appropriate bond in an amount determined under section
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  30141(d) of this title;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (ii) a copy of an agreement with an importer registered under
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  section 30141(c) of this title for bringing the motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  into compliance with applicable motor vehicle safety standards
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  prescribed under this chapter; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (iii) a certification that the vehicle meets the requirement
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of section 30141(a)(1)(A) or (B) of this title; and

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) comply with appropriate terms the Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation imposes to ensure that the vehicle –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (i) will be brought into compliance with those standards
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  within a reasonable time (specified by the Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation) after the vehicle is imported; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (ii) will be exported (at no cost to the United States
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Government) by the Secretary of the Treasury or abandoned to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the Government.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) For good cause shown, the Secretary of Transportation may
‚ ‚ ‚  allow an individual additional time, but not more than 30 days
‚ ‚ ‚  after the day on which the motor vehicle is offered for import, to
‚ ‚ ‚  comply with paragraph (1)(A)(ii) of this subsection.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 962.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30142(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(f)(1).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  108(f); added Oct. 31, 1988,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 100-562, Sec. 2(b),
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102 Stat. 2822.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30142(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(f)(2).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a)(2), the words “after January 31, 1990” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “after the effective date of the regulations
‚ ‚ ‚  initially issued to implement the amendments made to this section
‚ ‚ ‚  by the Imported Vehicle Safety Compliance Act of 1988” for clarity.
‚ ‚ ‚  See 49 C.F.R. part 591.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a)(3), the words “the individual takes the actions
‚ ‚ ‚  required under subsection (b) of this section” are substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “if that individual takes the actions required by paragraph (2)”
‚ ‚ ‚  for clarity and because of the restatement.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(1), the word “compliance” is substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “conformity” for consistency in this chapter.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(1)(B), before subclause (i), the word
‚ ‚ ‚  “conditions” is omitted as being included in “terms”.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30143‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER III – IMPORTING NONCOMPLYING MOTOR VEHICLES AND EQUIPMENT

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30143. Motor vehicles imported by individuals employed outside
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the United States

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Definition. – In this section, “assigned place of employment”
‚ ‚ ‚  means –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) the principal location at which an individual is
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  permanently or indefinitely assigned to work; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) for a member of the uniformed services, the individual’s
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  permanent duty station.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) General. – Section 30112(a) of this title does not apply to a
‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicle imported for personal use, and not for resale, by an
‚ ‚ ‚  individual –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) whose assigned place of employment was outside the United
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  States as of October 31, 1988, and who has not had an assigned
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  place of employment in the United States from that date through
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the date the vehicle is imported into the United States;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) who previously had not imported a motor vehicle into the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  United States under this section or section 108(g) of the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1966 or, before
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  October 31, 1988, under section 108(b)(3) of that Act;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) who acquired, or made a binding contract to acquire, the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle before October 31, 1988;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (4) who imported the vehicle into the United States not later
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  than October 31, 1992; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (5) who satisfies section 108(b)(3) of that Act as in effect on
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  October 30, 1988.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Certification. – Subsection (b) of this section is carried
‚ ‚ ‚  out by certification in the form the Secretary of Transportation or
‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary of the Treasury may prescribe.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 963.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30143(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(g) (3d,‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  last sentences).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  108(g); added Oct. 31, 1988,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 100-562, Sec. 2(b),
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102 Stat. 2823.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30143(b),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(g) (1st, 2d ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentences).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b), before clause (1), the words “(including a
‚ ‚ ‚  member of the uniformed services)” are omitted as unnecessary
‚ ‚ ‚  because of the restatement. In clause (1), the words “from that
‚ ‚ ‚  date through the date the vehicle is imported into the United
‚ ‚ ‚  States” are substituted for “that date and the date of entry of
‚ ‚ ‚  such motor vehicle” for clarity and consistency in this chapter. In
‚ ‚ ‚  clause (2), the words “under this section or section 108(g) of the
‚ ‚ ‚  National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1966” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “this subsection” to preserve the exemption for
‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicles imported under the source provisions between October
‚ ‚ ‚  30, 1988, and the effective date of this restatement. In clause
‚ ‚ ‚  (4), the word “imports” is substituted for “enters” for clarity and
‚ ‚ ‚  consistency in this chapter. In clause (5) the word “satisfies” is
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “meets the terms, conditions, and other
‚ ‚ ‚  requirements . . . under” to eliminate unnecessary words.

-REFTEXT-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  REFERENCES IN TEXT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsections (b)(3) and (g) of section 108 of the National Traffic
‚ ‚ ‚  and Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1966, referred to in subsec.
‚ ‚ ‚  (b)(2), (5), are subsecs. (b)(3) and (g) of section 108 of Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, which were classified to subsecs. (b)(3) and (g),
‚ ‚ ‚  respectively, of section 1397 of Title 15, Commerce and Trade, were
‚ ‚ ‚  repealed and reenacted in sections 30112(b)(1)-(3) and 30143,
‚ ‚ ‚  respectively, of this title by Pub. L. 103-272, Secs. 1(e), 7(b),
‚ ‚ ‚  July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 945, 963, 1379.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30144‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER III – IMPORTING NONCOMPLYING MOTOR VEHICLES AND EQUIPMENT

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30144. Importing motor vehicles on a temporary basis

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) General. – Section 30112(a) of this title does not apply to a
‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicle imported on a temporary basis for personal use by an
‚ ‚ ‚  individual who is a member of –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1)(A) the personnel of the government of a foreign country on
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  assignment in the United States or a member of the Secretariat of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  a public international organization designated under the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  International Organizations Immunities Act (22 U.S.C. 288 et
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  seq.); and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) the class of individuals for whom the Secretary of State
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  has authorized free importation of motor vehicles; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) the armed forces of a foreign country on assignment in the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  United States.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Verification. – The Secretary of Transportation or the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary of the Treasury may require verification, that the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary of Transportation considers appropriate, that an
‚ ‚ ‚  individual is a member described under subsection (a) of this
‚ ‚ ‚  section. The Secretary of Transportation shall ensure that a motor
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle imported under this section will be exported (at no cost to
‚ ‚ ‚  the United States Government) or abandoned to the Government when
‚ ‚ ‚  the individual no longer –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) resides in the United States; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) is a member described under subsection (a) of this section.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Sale in the United States. – A motor vehicle imported under
‚ ‚ ‚  this section may not be sold when in the United States.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 964; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  104-287, Sec. 5(57), Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3394.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  PUB. L. 103-272‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30144(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(h) (1st‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  108(h); added Oct. 31, 1988,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 100-562, Sec. 2(b),
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102 Stat. 2823.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30144(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(h) (2d, 3d ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentences).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30144(c)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(h) (last‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a)(1)(B), the word “importation” is substituted
‚ ‚ ‚  for “entry” for clarity and consistency in this chapter.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b), before clause (1), the words “that an
‚ ‚ ‚  individual is a member described under subsection (a) of this
‚ ‚ ‚  section” are substituted for “such status” for clarity. The word
‚ ‚ ‚  “imported” is substituted for “entered” for clarity and consistency
‚ ‚ ‚  in this chapter. In clause (2), the words “a member described under
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection (a) of this section” are substituted for “hold such
‚ ‚ ‚  status” for clarity.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  PUB. L. 104-287‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  This amends 49:30144(a)(1)(A) to correct an erroneous cross-
‚ ‚ ‚  reference.

-REFTEXT-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  REFERENCES IN TEXT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  The International Organizations Immunities Act, referred to in
‚ ‚ ‚  subsec. (a)(1)(A), is title I of act Dec. 29, 1945, ch. 652, 59
‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 669, as amended, which is classified principally to
‚ ‚ ‚  subchapter XVIII (Sec. 288 et seq.) of chapter 7 of Title 22,
‚ ‚ ‚  Foreign Relations and Intercourse. For complete classification of
‚ ‚ ‚  this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section
‚ ‚ ‚  288 of Title 22 and Tables.
-MISC2-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  AMENDMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1996 – Subsec. (a)(1)(A). Pub. L. 104-287 substituted
‚ ‚ ‚  “International Organizations” for “International Organization”.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30145‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER III – IMPORTING NONCOMPLYING MOTOR VEHICLES AND EQUIPMENT

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30145. Importing motor vehicles or equipment requiring further
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturing

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section 30112(a) of this title does not apply to a motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚  or motor vehicle equipment if the vehicle or equipment –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) requires further manufacturing to perform its intended
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  function as decided under regulations prescribed by the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of Transportation; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) is accompanied at the time of importation by a written
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  statement issued by the manufacturer indicating the applicable
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicle safety standard prescribed under this chapter with
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  which it does not comply.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 964.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30145‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(e).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  108(e); added Oct. 31, 1988,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 100-562, Sec. 2(b),
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102 Stat. 2822.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In clause (2), the word “importation” is substituted for “entry”
‚ ‚ ‚  for clarity and consistency in this chapter. The words “of the
‚ ‚ ‚  incomplete motor vehicle or item of equipment” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  unnecessary because of the restatement. The words “prescribed under
‚ ‚ ‚  this chapter” are substituted for “Federal” for consistency in this
‚ ‚ ‚  chapter.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30146‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER III – IMPORTING NONCOMPLYING MOTOR VEHICLES AND EQUIPMENT

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30146. Release of motor vehicles and bonds

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Compliance Certification and Bond. – (1) Except as provided
‚ ‚ ‚  in subsections (c) and (d) of this section, an importer registered
‚ ‚ ‚  under section 30141(c) of this title may license or register an
‚ ‚ ‚  imported motor vehicle for use on public streets, roads, or
‚ ‚ ‚  highways, or release custody of a motor vehicle imported by the
‚ ‚ ‚  registered importer or imported by an individual under section
‚ ‚ ‚  30142 of this title and altered by the registered importer to meet
‚ ‚ ‚  applicable motor vehicle safety standards prescribed under this
‚ ‚ ‚  chapter to a person for license or registration for use on public
‚ ‚ ‚  streets, roads, or highways, only after 30 days after the
‚ ‚ ‚  registered importer certifies to the Secretary of Transportation,
‚ ‚ ‚  in the way the Secretary prescribes, that the motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚  complies with each standard prescribed in the year the vehicle was
‚ ‚ ‚  manufactured and that applies in that year to that vehicle. A
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle may not be released if the Secretary gives written notice
‚ ‚ ‚  before the end of the 30-day period that the Secretary will inspect
‚ ‚ ‚  the vehicle under subsection (c) of this section.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) The Secretaries of Transportation and the Treasury shall
‚ ‚ ‚  prescribe regulations –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) ensuring the release of a motor vehicle and bond required
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  under section 30141(d) of this title at the end of the 30-day
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  period, unless the Secretary of Transportation issues a notice of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  an inspection under subsection (c) of this section; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) providing that the Secretary of Transportation shall
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  release the vehicle and bond promptly after an inspection under
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  subsection (c) of this section showing compliance with the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  standards applicable to the vehicle.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) Each registered importer shall include on each motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚  released under this subsection a label prescribed by the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  of Transportation identifying the importer and stating that the
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle has been altered by the importer to comply with the
‚ ‚ ‚  standards applicable to the vehicle.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Reliance on Manufacturer’s Certification. – In making a
‚ ‚ ‚  certification under subsection (a)(1) of this section, the
‚ ‚ ‚  registered importer may rely on the manufacturer’s certification
‚ ‚ ‚  for the model to which the motor vehicle involved is substantially
‚ ‚ ‚  similar if the importer certifies that any alteration made by the
‚ ‚ ‚  importer did not affect the compliance of the safety features of
‚ ‚ ‚  the vehicle and the importer keeps records verifying the
‚ ‚ ‚  certification for the period the Secretary of Transportation
‚ ‚ ‚  prescribes.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Evidence of Compliance. – (1) The Secretary of Transportation
‚ ‚ ‚  may require that the certification under subsection (a)(1) of this
‚ ‚ ‚  section be accompanied by evidence of compliance the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  considers appropriate or may inspect the certified motor vehicle,
‚ ‚ ‚  or both. If the Secretary gives notice of an inspection, an
‚ ‚ ‚  importer may release the vehicle only after –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) an inspection showing the motor vehicle complies with
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  applicable motor vehicle safety standards prescribed under this
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  chapter for which the inspection was made; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) release of the vehicle by the Secretary.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) The Secretary of Transportation shall inspect periodically a
‚ ‚ ‚  representative number of motor vehicles for which certifications
‚ ‚ ‚  have been filed under subsection (a)(1) of this section. In
‚ ‚ ‚  carrying out a motor vehicle testing program under this chapter,
‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary shall include a representative number of motor
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicles for which certifications have been filed under subsection
‚ ‚ ‚  (a)(1).
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d) Challenging the Certification. – A motor vehicle or bond may
‚ ‚ ‚  not be released under subsection (a) of this section if the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary of Transportation, not later than 30 days after receiving
‚ ‚ ‚  a certification under subsection (a)(1) of this section, gives
‚ ‚ ‚  written notice that the Secretary believes or has reason to believe
‚ ‚ ‚  that the certification is false or contains a mispresentation.(!1)
‚ ‚ ‚  The vehicle and bond may be released only after the Secretary is
‚ ‚ ‚  satisfied with the certification and any modification of the
‚ ‚ ‚  certification.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (e) Bond Release. – A release of a bond required under section
‚ ‚ ‚  30141(d) of this title is deemed an acceptance of a certification
‚ ‚ ‚  or completion of an inspection under this section but is not a
‚ ‚ ‚  decision by the Secretary of Transportation under section 30118(a)
‚ ‚ ‚  or (b) of this title of compliance with applicable motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚  safety standards prescribed under this chapter.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 964.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30146(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(c)(3)(E)(i)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1st, 3d, last‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentences), (vii).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  108(c)(3)(E); added Oct. 31,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1988, Pub. L. 100-562, Sec.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  2(b), 102 Stat. 2820.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30146(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(c)(3)(E)(‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  ii).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30146(c)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(c)(3)(E)(i)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2d sentence),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (iii), (iv).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30146(d)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(c)(3)(E)(‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vi).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30146(e)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(c)(3)(E)(v).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a)(1), the words “Except as provided in
‚ ‚ ‚  subsections (c) and (d) of this section” are added because of the
‚ ‚ ‚  restatement.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a)(2)(B), the words “showing compliance with the
‚ ‚ ‚  standards” are substituted for “showing no such failure to comply”
‚ ‚ ‚  for clarity.

-FOOTNOTE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (!1) So in original. Probably should be “misrepresentation.”
-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30147‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER III – IMPORTING NONCOMPLYING MOTOR VEHICLES AND EQUIPMENT

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30147. Responsibility for defects and noncompliance

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Deeming Defect or Noncompliance to Certain Vehicles and
‚ ‚ ‚  Importer as Manufacturer. – (1) In carrying out sections 30117(b),
‚ ‚ ‚  30118-30121, and 30166(f) of this title –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) for a defect or noncompliance with an applicable motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle safety standard prescribed under this chapter for a motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle originally manufactured for import into the United
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  States, an imported motor vehicle having a valid certification
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  under section 30146(a)(1) of this title and decided to be
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  substantially similar to that motor vehicle shall be deemed as
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  having the same defect or as not complying with the same standard
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  unless the manufacturer or importer registered under section
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  30141(c) of this title demonstrates otherwise to the Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) the registered importer shall be deemed to be the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer of any motor vehicle that the importer imports or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  brings into compliance with the standards for an individual under
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  section 30142 of this title.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) The Secretary shall publish in the Federal Register notice of
‚ ‚ ‚  any defect or noncompliance under paragraph (1)(A) of this
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Financial Responsibility Requirement. – The Secretary shall
‚ ‚ ‚  require by regulation each registered importer (including any
‚ ‚ ‚  successor in interest) to provide and maintain evidence,
‚ ‚ ‚  satisfactory to the Secretary, of sufficient financial
‚ ‚ ‚  responsibility to meet its obligations under sections 30117(b),
‚ ‚ ‚  30118-30121, and 30166(f) of this title.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 966.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30147(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(d)(1).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  108(d); added Oct. 31, 1988,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 100-562, Sec. 2(b),
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102 Stat. 2821.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30147(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(d)(2).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In this section, the words “(relating to discovery, notification,
‚ ‚ ‚  and remedy of motor vehicle defects)” are omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a)(1)(A), the words “for a motor vehicle” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “in, or regarding, any motor vehicle” to eliminate
‚ ‚ ‚  unnecessary words.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a)(1)(B), the word “compliance” is substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “conformity” for consistency in this chapter.

-End-
-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC SUBCHAPTER IV – ENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATIVE‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER IV – ENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATIVE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER IV – ENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATIVE‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30161‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER IV – ENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATIVE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30161. Judicial review of standards

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Filing and Venue. – A person adversely affected by an order
‚ ‚ ‚  prescribing a motor vehicle safety standard under this chapter may
‚ ‚ ‚  apply for review of the order by filing a petition for review in
‚ ‚ ‚  the court of appeals of the United States for the circuit in which
‚ ‚ ‚  the person resides or has its principal place of business. The
‚ ‚ ‚  petition must be filed not later than 59 days after the order is
‚ ‚ ‚  issued.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Notifying Secretary. – The clerk of the court shall send
‚ ‚ ‚  immediately a copy of the petition to the Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation. The Secretary shall file with the court a record of
‚ ‚ ‚  the proceeding in which the order was prescribed.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Additional Proceedings. – (1) On request of the petitioner,
‚ ‚ ‚  the court may order the Secretary to receive additional evidence
‚ ‚ ‚  and evidence in rebuttal if the court is satisfied that the
‚ ‚ ‚  additional evidence is material and there were reasonable grounds
‚ ‚ ‚  for not presenting the evidence in the proceeding before the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) The Secretary may modify findings of fact or make new
‚ ‚ ‚  findings because of the additional evidence presented. The
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary shall file a modified or new finding, a recommendation to
‚ ‚ ‚  modify or set aside the order, and the additional evidence with the
‚ ‚ ‚  court.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d) Certified Copies of Records of Proceedings. – The Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  shall give any interested person a certified copy of the transcript
‚ ‚ ‚  of the record in a proceeding under this section on request and
‚ ‚ ‚  payment of costs. A certified copy of the record of the proceeding
‚ ‚ ‚  is admissible in a proceeding arising out of a matter under this
‚ ‚ ‚  chapter, regardless of whether the proceeding under this section
‚ ‚ ‚  has begun or becomes final.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (e) Finality of Judgment and Supreme Court Review. – A judgment
‚ ‚ ‚  of a court under this section is final and may be reviewed only by
‚ ‚ ‚  the Supreme Court under section 1254 of title 28.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 966.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30161(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1394(a)(1) (1st‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence), (3).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 105(a)(1)-(5),
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b), 80 Stat. 720, 721.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30161(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1394(a)(1) (2d,‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  last sentences).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30161(c)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1394(a)(2).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30161(d)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1394(b).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30161(e)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1394(a)(4), (5).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a), the words “In a case of actual controversy as
‚ ‚ ‚  to the validity of” and “who will be . . . when it is effective”
‚ ‚ ‚  are omitted as surplus. The words “an order prescribing a motor
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle safety standard under this chapter” are substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “any order under section 1392 of this title” for consistency. The
‚ ‚ ‚  words “apply for review” are added for clarity. The words “The
‚ ‚ ‚  petition must be filed” are substituted for “at any time” for
‚ ‚ ‚  clarity. The text of 15:1394(a)(3) is omitted as surplus because
‚ ‚ ‚  5:ch. 7 applies unless otherwise stated.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b), the words “or other officer designated by him
‚ ‚ ‚  for that purpose” are omitted as surplus because of 49:322(b). The
‚ ‚ ‚  words “in which the order was prescribed” are substituted for “on
‚ ‚ ‚  which the Secretary based his order” for consistency. The words “as
‚ ‚ ‚  provided in section 2112 of title 28” are omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c)(1), the words “in such manner and upon such
‚ ‚ ‚  terms and conditions as to the court may seem proper” are omitted
‚ ‚ ‚  as surplus. The words “is satisfied” are substituted for “shows to
‚ ‚ ‚  the satisfaction of” to eliminate unnecessary words. The words “and
‚ ‚ ‚  to be adduced upon the hearing” are omitted as unnecessary.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c)(2), the words “with the court” are substituted
‚ ‚ ‚  for “the return of” for clarity.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (d), the words “thereof” and “criminal, exclusion
‚ ‚ ‚  of imports, or other” are omitted as surplus. The words “under this
‚ ‚ ‚  section” are substituted for “with respect to the order” for
‚ ‚ ‚  clarity. The word “previously” is omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (e), the words “under this section is final and may
‚ ‚ ‚  be reviewed only” are substituted for “affirming or setting aside,
‚ ‚ ‚  in whole or in part, any such order of the Secretary shall be
‚ ‚ ‚  final, subject to review” to eliminate unnecessary words. The text
‚ ‚ ‚  of 15:1394(a)(5) is omitted because of rule 43 of the Federal Rules
‚ ‚ ‚  of Appellate Procedure (28 App. U.S.C.).

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30162‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER IV – ENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATIVE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30162. Petitions by interested persons for standards and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  enforcement

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Filing. – Any interested person may file a petition with the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary of Transportation requesting the Secretary to begin a
‚ ‚ ‚  proceeding –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) to prescribe a motor vehicle safety standard under this
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  chapter; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) to decide whether to issue an order under section 30118(b)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of this title.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Statement of Facts. – The petition must state facts that the
‚ ‚ ‚  person claims establish that a motor vehicle safety standard or
‚ ‚ ‚  order referred to in subsection (a) of this section is necessary
‚ ‚ ‚  and briefly describe the order the Secretary should issue.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Proceedings. – The Secretary may hold a public hearing or
‚ ‚ ‚  conduct an investigation or proceeding to decide whether to grant
‚ ‚ ‚  the petition.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d) Actions of Secretary. – The Secretary shall grant or deny a
‚ ‚ ‚  petition not later than 120 days after the petition is filed. If a
‚ ‚ ‚  petition is granted, the Secretary shall begin the proceeding
‚ ‚ ‚  promptly. If a petition is denied, the Secretary shall publish the
‚ ‚ ‚  reasons for the denial in the Federal Register.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 967.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30162(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1410a(a).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  124(a)-(d); added Oct. 27,‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1974, Pub. L. 93-492, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  106, 88 Stat. 1481.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30162(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1410a(b).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30162(c)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1410a(c).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30162(d)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1410a(d).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsection (a)(1) is substituted for “the issuance of an order
‚ ‚ ‚  pursuant to section 1392 of this title” for clarity and because of
‚ ‚ ‚  the restatement.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b), the words “a motor vehicle safety standard”
‚ ‚ ‚  are added because of the restatement. The words “referred to in
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection (a) of this section” are added for clarity. The words
‚ ‚ ‚  “of the substance” are omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c), the words “as he deems appropriate in order”
‚ ‚ ‚  and “or not” are omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (d), the words “described in subsection (b) of this
‚ ‚ ‚  section”, “either”, and “requested in the petition” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  surplus.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30163‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER IV – ENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATIVE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30163. Actions by the Attorney General

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Civil Actions To Enforce. – The Attorney General may bring a
‚ ‚ ‚  civil action in a United States district court to enjoin –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) a violation of this chapter or a regulation prescribed or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  order issued under this chapter; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) the sale, offer for sale, or introduction or delivery for
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  introduction, in interstate commerce, or the importation into the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  United States, of a motor vehicle or motor vehicle equipment for
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  which it is decided, before the first purchase in good faith
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  other than for resale, that the vehicle or equipment –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) contains a defect related to motor vehicle safety about
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  which notice was given under section 30118(c) of this title or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  an order was issued under section 30118(b) of this title; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) does not comply with an applicable motor vehicle safety
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  standard prescribed under this chapter.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Prior Notice. – When practicable, the Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation shall notify a person against whom a civil action
‚ ‚ ‚  under subsection (a) of this section is planned, give the person an
‚ ‚ ‚  opportunity to present that person’s views, and, except for a
‚ ‚ ‚  knowing and willful violation of this chapter, give the person a
‚ ‚ ‚  reasonable opportunity to remedy the defect or comply with the
‚ ‚ ‚  applicable motor vehicle safety standard prescribed under this
‚ ‚ ‚  chapter. Failure to give notice and an opportunity to remedy the
‚ ‚ ‚  defect or comply with the applicable motor vehicle safety standard
‚ ‚ ‚  prescribed under this chapter does not prevent a court from
‚ ‚ ‚  granting appropriate relief.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Venue. – Except as provided in section 30121(d) of this
‚ ‚ ‚  title, a civil action under this section or section 30165(a) of
‚ ‚ ‚  this title may be brought in the judicial district in which the
‚ ‚ ‚  violation occurred or the defendant is found, resides, or does
‚ ‚ ‚  business. Process in the action may be served in any other judicial
‚ ‚ ‚  district in which the defendant resides or is found.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d) Jury Trial Demand. – In a trial for criminal contempt for
‚ ‚ ‚  violating an injunction or restraining order issued under
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection (a) of this section, the violation of which is also a
‚ ‚ ‚  violation of this chapter, the defendant may demand a jury trial.
‚ ‚ ‚  The defendant shall be tried as provided in rule 42(b) of the
‚ ‚ ‚  Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure (18 App. U.S.C.).
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (e) Subpenas for Witnesses. – In a civil action brought under
‚ ‚ ‚  this section, a subpena for a witness may be served in any judicial
‚ ‚ ‚  district.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 967.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30163(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1399(a) (1st‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 110(a), (c), 80
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 723, 724; Oct. 27,‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1974, Pub. L. 93-492, Secs.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102(b)(2), 103(c), 88 Stat.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1477, 1478.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1424(b) (related ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  to injunctions).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 204(b) (related
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  to injunctions), 80 Stat.‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  729.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30163(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1399(a) (2d,‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  last sentences).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30163(c)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1399(c).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30163(d)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1399(b).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 110(b), (d)‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to Sec. 110), 80‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 723, 724.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30163(e)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1399(d) (related ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  to 15:1399).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a), before clause (1), the text of 15:1424(b)
‚ ‚ ‚  (related to injunctions) is omitted because of the restatement. The
‚ ‚ ‚  words “The Attorney General may bring a civil action” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “upon petition by . . . the Attorney General” for
‚ ‚ ‚  consistency. The words “the appropriate United States attorney or .
‚ ‚ ‚  . . on behalf of the United States” are omitted as surplus. The
‚ ‚ ‚  words “for cause shown and subject to the provisions of rule 65(a)
‚ ‚ ‚  and (b) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  surplus. In clause (1), the words “a regulation prescribed or order
‚ ‚ ‚  issued under this chapter” are substituted for “(or rules,
‚ ‚ ‚  regulations or orders thereunder)” for clarity and consistency and
‚ ‚ ‚  because “rule” and “regulation” are synonymous. In clause (2),
‚ ‚ ‚  before subclause (A), the words “that the vehicle or equipment” are
‚ ‚ ‚  added for clarity. The words “of such vehicle” and “purposes” are
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted as surplus. In subclause (B), the words “does not comply
‚ ‚ ‚  with” are substituted for “is determined . . . not to conform to”
‚ ‚ ‚  for clarity and consistency.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsections (b), (c), and (e), the word “civil” is added
‚ ‚ ‚  because of rule 2 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure (28 App.
‚ ‚ ‚  U.S.C.).
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b), the words “comply with the applicable motor
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle safety standard prescribed under this chapter” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “achieve compliance”, and the words “a court” are
‚ ‚ ‚  added, for clarity.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c), the words “any act or transaction constituting
‚ ‚ ‚  the” are omitted as surplus. The word “resides” is substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “is an inhabitant” for consistency in the revised title. The words
‚ ‚ ‚  “the action” are substituted for “such cases” for consistency.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (d), the words “the defendant may demand a jury
‚ ‚ ‚  trial” are substituted for “trial shall be by the court, or, upon
‚ ‚ ‚  demand of the accused, by a jury” to eliminate unnecessary words
‚ ‚ ‚  and for consistency in the revised title.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (e), the words “who are required to attend a United
‚ ‚ ‚  States district court” are omitted as surplus. The words “be served
‚ ‚ ‚  in” are substituted for “run into” for clarity.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30164‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER IV – ENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATIVE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30164. Service of process

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Designating Agents. – A manufacturer offering a motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚  or motor vehicle equipment for import shall designate an agent on
‚ ‚ ‚  whom service of notices and process in administrative and judicial
‚ ‚ ‚  proceedings may be made. The designation shall be in writing and
‚ ‚ ‚  filed with the Secretary of Transportation. The designation may be
‚ ‚ ‚  changed in the same way as originally made.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Service. – An agent may be served at the agent’s office or
‚ ‚ ‚  usual place of residence. Service on the agent is deemed to be
‚ ‚ ‚  service on the manufacturer. If a manufacturer does not designate
‚ ‚ ‚  an agent, service may be made by posting the notice or process in
‚ ‚ ‚  the office of the Secretary.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 968.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30164(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1399(e) (1st‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 110(e), 80‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 724.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30164(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1399(e) (last‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a), the words “A manufacturer offering . . .
‚ ‚ ‚  shall” are substituted for “It shall be the duty of every
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer offering . . . to” to eliminate unnecessary words. The
‚ ‚ ‚  words “into the United States”, “all . . . orders, decisions and
‚ ‚ ‚  requirements”, and “for and on behalf of said manufacturer” are
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted as surplus. The words “The designation may be changed in
‚ ‚ ‚  the same way as originally made” are substituted for “which
‚ ‚ ‚  designation may from time to time be changed by like writing,
‚ ‚ ‚  similarly filed” for clarity.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b), the words “An agent may be served” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “Service of all administrative and judicial
‚ ‚ ‚  processes, notices, orders, decisions and requirements may be made
‚ ‚ ‚  upon said manufacturer by service upon such designated agent” to
‚ ‚ ‚  eliminate unnecessary words. The words “Service on the agent is
‚ ‚ ‚  deemed to be service on the manufacturer” are substituted for “with
‚ ‚ ‚  like effects as if made personally upon said manufacturer”, and the
‚ ‚ ‚  words “If a manufacturer does not designate an agent” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “and in default of such designation of such agent”,
‚ ‚ ‚  for clarity. The words “of process, notice, order, requirement or
‚ ‚ ‚  decision in any proceeding before the Secretary or in any judicial
‚ ‚ ‚  proceeding for enforcement of this subchapter or any standards
‚ ‚ ‚  prescribed pursuant to this subchapter” and “order, requirement or
‚ ‚ ‚  decision” are omitted as surplus.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30165‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER IV – ENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATIVE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30165. Civil penalty

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Civil Penalties. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) In general. – A person that violates any of section 30112,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  30115, 30117 through 30122, 30123(d),(!1) 30125(c), 30127, or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  30141 through 30147, or a regulation prescribed thereunder, is
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  liable to the United States Government for a civil penalty of not
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  more than $5,000 for each violation. A separate violation occurs
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  for each motor vehicle or item of motor vehicle equipment and for
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  each failure or refusal to allow or perform an act required by
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  any of those sections. The maximum penalty under this subsection
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  for a related series of violations is $15,000,000.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) School buses. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) In general. – Notwithstanding paragraph (1), the maximum
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  amount of a civil penalty under this paragraph shall be $10,000
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  in the case of –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (i) the manufacture, sale, offer for sale, introduction or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  delivery for introduction into interstate commerce, or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  importation of a school bus or school bus equipment (as those
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  terms are defined in section 30125(a) of this title) in
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  violation of section 30112(a)(1) of this title; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (ii) a violation of section 30112(a)(2) of this title.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) Related series of violations. – A separate violation
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  occurs for each motor vehicle or item of motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  equipment and for each failure or refusal to allow or perform
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  an act required by that section. The maximum penalty under this
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  paragraph for a related series of violations is $15,000,000.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) Section 30166. – A person who violates section 30166 or a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  regulation prescribed under that section is liable to the United
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  States Government for a civil penalty for failing or refusing to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  allow or perform an act required under that section or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  regulation. The maximum penalty under this paragraph is $5,000
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  per violation per day. The maximum penalty under this paragraph
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  for a related series of daily violations is $15,000,000.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Compromise and Setoff. – (1) The Secretary of Transportation
‚ ‚ ‚  may compromise the amount of a civil penalty imposed under this
‚ ‚ ‚  section.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) The Government may deduct the amount of a civil penalty
‚ ‚ ‚  imposed or compromised under this section from amounts it owes the
‚ ‚ ‚  person liable for the penalty.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Considerations. – In determining the amount of a civil
‚ ‚ ‚  penalty or compromise, the appropriateness of the penalty or
‚ ‚ ‚  compromise to the size of the business of the person charged and
‚ ‚ ‚  the gravity of the violation shall be considered.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d) Subpenas for Witnesses. – In a civil action brought under
‚ ‚ ‚  this section, a subpena for a witness may be served in any judicial
‚ ‚ ‚  district.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 968; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  103-429, Sec. 6(23), Oct. 31, 1994, 108 Stat. 4380; Pub. L. 106-
‚ ‚ ‚  414, Sec. 5(a), Nov. 1, 2000, 114 Stat. 1803; Pub. L. 109-59,
‚ ‚ ‚  title X, Sec. 10309(c), Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1942.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  PUB. L. 103-272‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30165(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1398(a).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 109(a), 80‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 723; Oct. 27, 1974,‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 93-492, Sec. 103(b),
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  88 Stat. 1478.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1424(b) (related ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  to civil penalty).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Secs. 109(b), 110(d)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to Sec. 109),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  204(b) (related to civil‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  penalty), 80 Stat. 723, 724,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  729.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30165(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1398(b) (1st,‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  last sentences).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30165(c)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1398(b) (2d ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30165(d)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1399(d) (related ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  to 15:1398).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a), the text of 15:1424(b) (related to civil
‚ ‚ ‚  penalty) is omitted because of the restatement. The words “is
‚ ‚ ‚  liable to the United States Government for” are substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “shall be subject to” for consistency. The words “A separate
‚ ‚ ‚  violation occurs for” are substituted for “Such violation of a
‚ ‚ ‚  provision of section 1397 of this title, or regulations issued
‚ ‚ ‚  thereunder, shall constitute a separate violation with respect to”
‚ ‚ ‚  to eliminate unnecessary words.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(2), the words “amount of a civil penalty
‚ ‚ ‚  imposed or compromised” are substituted for “amount of such
‚ ‚ ‚  penalty, when finally determined, or the amount agreed upon in
‚ ‚ ‚  compromise” to eliminate unnecessary words.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (d), the words “who are required to attend a United
‚ ‚ ‚  States district court” are omitted as surplus. The words “be served
‚ ‚ ‚  in” are substituted for “run into” for clarity.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  PUB. L. 103-429‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  This amends 49:30141(c)(4)(A) and 30165(a) to correct erroneous
‚ ‚ ‚  cross-references.

-REFTEXT-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  REFERENCES IN TEXT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section 30123(d) of this title, referred to in subsec. (a)(1),
‚ ‚ ‚  was redesignated section 30123(a) of this title by Pub. L. 105-178,
‚ ‚ ‚  title VII, Sec. 7106(b), June 9, 1998, 112 Stat. 467.
-MISC2-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  AMENDMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  2005 – Subsec. (a)(2), (3). Pub. L. 109-59, which directed
‚ ‚ ‚  amendment of section 30165(a), without specifying the title to be
‚ ‚ ‚  amended, by adding par. (2) and redesignating former par. (2) as
‚ ‚ ‚  (3), was executed to this section, to reflect the probable intent
‚ ‚ ‚  of Congress.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  2000 – Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 106-414 amended heading and text
‚ ‚ ‚  generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “A person that
‚ ‚ ‚  violates any of sections 30112, 30115, 30117-30122, 30123(d),
‚ ‚ ‚  30125(c), 30127, 30141-30147, or 30166 of this title or a
‚ ‚ ‚  regulation prescribed under any of those sections is liable to the
‚ ‚ ‚  United States Government for a civil penalty of not more than
‚ ‚ ‚  $1,000 for each violation. A separate violation occurs for each
‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicle or item of motor vehicle equipment and for each
‚ ‚ ‚  failure or refusal to allow or perform an act required by any of
‚ ‚ ‚  those sections. The maximum penalty under this subsection for a
‚ ‚ ‚  related series of violations is $800,000.”
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1994 – Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 103-429 substituted “any of sections
‚ ‚ ‚  30112” for “section 30112” and inserted “any of” before “those
‚ ‚ ‚  sections” in two places.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1994 AMENDMENT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Amendment by Pub. L. 103-429 effective July 5, 1994, see section
‚ ‚ ‚  9 of Pub. L. 103-429, set out as a note under section 321 of this
‚ ‚ ‚  title.

-FOOTNOTE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (!1) See References in Text note below.
-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30166‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER IV – ENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATIVE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30166. Inspections, investigations, and records

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Definition. – In this section, “motor vehicle accident” means
‚ ‚ ‚  an occurrence associated with the maintenance or operation of a
‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicle or motor vehicle equipment resulting in personal
‚ ‚ ‚  injury, death, or property damage.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Authority To Inspect and Investigate. – (1) The Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation may conduct an inspection or investigation –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) that may be necessary to enforce this chapter or a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  regulation prescribed or order issued under this chapter; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) related to a motor vehicle accident and designed to carry
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  out this chapter.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) The Secretary of Transportation shall cooperate with State
‚ ‚ ‚  and local officials to the greatest extent possible in an
‚ ‚ ‚  inspection or investigation under paragraph (1)(B) of this
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Matters That Can Be Inspected and Impoundment. – In carrying
‚ ‚ ‚  out this chapter, an officer or employee designated by the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary of Transportation –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) at reasonable times, may inspect and copy any record
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  related to this chapter;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) on request, may inspect records of a manufacturer,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  distributor, or dealer to decide whether the manufacturer,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  distributor, or dealer has complied or is complying with this
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  chapter or a regulation prescribed or order issued under this
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  chapter; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) at reasonable times, in a reasonable way, and on display of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  proper credentials and written notice to an owner, operator, or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  agent in charge, may –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) enter and inspect with reasonable promptness premises in
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  which a motor vehicle or motor vehicle equipment is
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  manufactured, held for introduction in interstate commerce, or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  held for sale after introduction in interstate commerce;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) enter and inspect with reasonable promptness premises at
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  which a vehicle or equipment involved in a motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  accident is located;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (C) inspect with reasonable promptness that vehicle or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  equipment; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (D) impound for not more than 72 hours a vehicle or equipment
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  involved in a motor vehicle accident.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d) Reasonable Compensation. – When a motor vehicle (except a
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle subject to subchapter I of chapter 135 of this title) or
‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicle equipment is inspected or temporarily impounded under
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection (c)(3) of this section, the Secretary of Transportation
‚ ‚ ‚  shall pay reasonable compensation to the owner of the vehicle if
‚ ‚ ‚  the inspection or impoundment results in denial of use, or
‚ ‚ ‚  reduction in value, of the vehicle.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (e) Records and Making Reports. – The Secretary of Transportation
‚ ‚ ‚  reasonably may require a manufacturer of a motor vehicle or motor
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle equipment to keep records, and a manufacturer, distributor,
‚ ‚ ‚  or dealer to make reports, to enable the Secretary to decide
‚ ‚ ‚  whether the manufacturer, distributor, or dealer has complied or is
‚ ‚ ‚  complying with this chapter or a regulation prescribed or order
‚ ‚ ‚  issued under this chapter. This subsection does not impose a
‚ ‚ ‚  recordkeeping requirement on a distributor or dealer in addition to
‚ ‚ ‚  those imposed under subsection (f) of this section and section
‚ ‚ ‚  30117(b) of this title or a regulation prescribed or order issued
‚ ‚ ‚  under subsection (f) or section 30117(b).
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (f) Providing Copies of Communications About Defects and
‚ ‚ ‚  Noncompliance. – A manufacturer shall give the Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation a true or representative copy of each communication
‚ ‚ ‚  to the manufacturer’s dealers or to owners or purchasers of a motor
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle or replacement equipment produced by the manufacturer about
‚ ‚ ‚  a defect or noncompliance with a motor vehicle safety standard
‚ ‚ ‚  prescribed under this chapter in a vehicle or equipment that is
‚ ‚ ‚  sold or serviced.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (g) Administrative Authority on Reports, Answers, and Hearings. –
‚ ‚ ‚  (1) In carrying out this chapter, the Secretary of Transportation
‚ ‚ ‚  may –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) require, by general or special order, any person to file
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  reports or answers to specific questions, including reports or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  answers under oath; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) conduct hearings, administer oaths, take testimony, and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  require (by subpena or otherwise) the appearance and testimony of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  witnesses and the production of records the Secretary considers
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  advisable.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) A witness summoned under this subsection is entitled to the
‚ ‚ ‚  same fee and mileage the witness would have been paid in a court of
‚ ‚ ‚  the United States.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (h) Civil Actions To Enforce and Venue. – A civil action to
‚ ‚ ‚  enforce a subpena or order under subsection (g) of this section may
‚ ‚ ‚  be brought in the United States district court for any judicial
‚ ‚ ‚  district in which the proceeding is conducted. The court may punish
‚ ‚ ‚  a failure to obey an order of the court to comply with a subpena or
‚ ‚ ‚  order as a contempt of court.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (i) Governmental Cooperation. – The Secretary of Transportation
‚ ‚ ‚  may request a department, agency, or instrumentality of the United
‚ ‚ ‚  States Government to provide records the Secretary considers
‚ ‚ ‚  necessary to carry out this chapter. The head of the department,
‚ ‚ ‚  agency, or instrumentality shall provide the record on request, may
‚ ‚ ‚  detail personnel on a reimbursable basis, and otherwise shall
‚ ‚ ‚  cooperate with the Secretary. This subsection does not affect a law
‚ ‚ ‚  limiting the authority of a department, agency, or instrumentality
‚ ‚ ‚  to provide information to another department, agency, or
‚ ‚ ‚  instrumentality.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (j) Cooperation of Secretary. – The Secretary of Transportation
‚ ‚ ‚  may advise, assist, and cooperate with departments, agencies, and
‚ ‚ ‚  instrumentalities of the Government, States, and other public and
‚ ‚ ‚  private agencies in developing a method for inspecting and testing
‚ ‚ ‚  to determine compliance with a motor vehicle safety standard.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (k) Providing Information. – The Secretary of Transportation
‚ ‚ ‚  shall provide the Attorney General and, when appropriate, the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary of the Treasury, information obtained that indicates a
‚ ‚ ‚  violation of this chapter or a regulation prescribed or order
‚ ‚ ‚  issued under this chapter.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (l) Reporting of Defects in Motor Vehicles and Products in
‚ ‚ ‚  Foreign Countries. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) Reporting of defects, manufacturer determination. – Not
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  later than 5 working days after determining to conduct a safety
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  recall or other safety campaign in a foreign country on a motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle or motor vehicle equipment that is identical or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  substantially similar to a motor vehicle or motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  equipment offered for sale in the United States, the manufacturer
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  shall report the determination to the Secretary.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) Reporting of defects, foreign government determination. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Not later than 5 working days after receiving notification that
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the government of a foreign country has determined that a safety
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  recall or other safety campaign must be conducted in the foreign
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  country on a motor vehicle or motor vehicle equipment that is
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  identical or substantially similar to a motor vehicle or motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle equipment offered for sale in the United States, the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer of the motor vehicle or motor vehicle equipment
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  shall report the determination to the Secretary.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) Reporting requirements. – The Secretary shall prescribe the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  contents of the notification required by this subsection.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (m) Early Warning Reporting Requirements. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) Rulemaking required. – Not later than 120 days after the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  date of the enactment of the Transportation Recall Enhancement,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Accountability, and Documentation (TREAD) Act, the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  shall initiate a rulemaking proceeding to establish early warning
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  reporting requirements for manufacturers of motor vehicles and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicle equipment to enhance the Secretary’s ability to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  carry out the provisions of this chapter.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) Deadline. – The Secretary shall issue a final rule under
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  paragraph (1) not later than June 30, 2002.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) Reporting elements. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) Warranty and claims data. – As part of the final rule
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  promulgated under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall require
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturers of motor vehicles and motor vehicle equipment to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  report, periodically or upon request by the Secretary,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  information which is received by the manufacturer derived from
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  foreign and domestic sources to the extent that such
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  information may assist in the identification of defects related
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  to motor vehicle safety in motor vehicles and motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  equipment in the United States and which concerns –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (i) data on claims submitted to the manufacturer for
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  serious injuries (including death) and aggregate statistical
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  data on property damage from alleged defects in a motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle or in motor vehicle equipment; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (ii) customer satisfaction campaigns, consumer advisories,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  recalls, or other activity involving the repair or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  replacement of motor vehicles or items of motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  equipment.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) Other data. – As part of the final rule promulgated under
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  paragraph (1), the Secretary may, to the extent that such
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  information may assist in the identification of defects related
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  to motor vehicle safety in motor vehicles and motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  equipment in the United States, require manufacturers of motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicles or motor vehicle equipment to report, periodically or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  upon request of the Secretary, such information as the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary may request.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (C) Reporting of possible defects. – The manufacturer of a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicle or motor vehicle equipment shall report to the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary, in such manner as the Secretary establishes by
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  regulation, all incidents of which the manufacturer receives
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  actual notice which involve fatalities or serious injuries
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  which are alleged or proven to have been caused by a possible
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  defect in such manufacturer’s motor vehicle or motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  equipment in the United States, or in a foreign country when
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the possible defect is in a motor vehicle or motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  equipment that is identical or substantially similar to a motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle or motor vehicle equipment offered for sale in the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  United States.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (4) Handling and utilization of reporting elements. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) Secretary’s specifications. – In requiring the reporting
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of any information requested by the Secretary under this
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  subsection, the Secretary shall specify in the final rule
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  promulgated under paragraph (1) –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (i) how such information will be reviewed and utilized to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  assist in the identification of defects related to motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle safety;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (ii) the systems and processes the Secretary will employ or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  establish to review and utilize such information; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (iii) the manner and form of reporting such information,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  including in electronic form.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) Information in possession of manufacturer. – The
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  regulations promulgated by the Secretary under paragraph (1)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  may not require a manufacturer of a motor vehicle or motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle equipment to maintain or submit records respecting
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  information not in the possession of the manufacturer.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (C) Disclosure. – None of the information collected pursuant
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  to the final rule promulgated under paragraph (1) shall be
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  disclosed pursuant to section 30167(b) unless the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  determines the disclosure of such information will assist in
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  carrying out sections 30117(b) and 30118 through 30121.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (D) Burdensome requirements. – In promulgating the final rule
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall not impose
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  requirements unduly burdensome to a manufacturer of a motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle or motor vehicle equipment, taking into account the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer’s cost of complying with such requirements and the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary’s ability to use the information sought in a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  meaningful manner to assist in the identification of defects
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  related to motor vehicle safety.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (5) Periodic review. – As part of the final rule promulgated
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  pursuant to paragraph (1), the Secretary shall specify procedures
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  for the periodic review and update of such rule.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (n) Sale or Lease of Defective or Noncompliant Tire. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) In general. – The Secretary shall, within 90 days of the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  date of the enactment of the Transportation Recall Enhancement,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Accountability, and Documentation (TREAD) Act, issue a final rule
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  requiring any person who knowingly and willfully sells or leases
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  for use on a motor vehicle a defective tire or a tire which is
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  not compliant with an applicable tire safety standard with actual
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  knowledge that the manufacturer of such tire has notified its
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  dealers of such defect or noncompliance as required under section
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  30118(c) or as required by an order under section 30118(b) to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  report such sale or lease to the Secretary.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) Defect or noncompliance remedied or order not in effect. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Regulations under paragraph (1) shall not require the reporting
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  described in paragraph (1) where before delivery under a sale or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  lease of a tire –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) the defect or noncompliance of the tire is remedied as
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  required by section 30120; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) notification of the defect or noncompliance is required
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  under section 30118(b) but enforcement of the order is
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  restrained or the order is set aside in a civil action to which
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  section 30121(d) applies.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 969; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  103-429, Sec. 6(24), Oct. 31, 1994, 108 Stat. 4380; Pub. L. 104-88,
‚ ‚ ‚  title III, Sec. 308(j), Dec. 29, 1995, 109 Stat. 947; Pub. L. 104-
‚ ‚ ‚  287, Sec. 6(f)(3), Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3399; Pub. L. 106-414,
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 3(a)-(c), Nov. 1, 2000, 114 Stat. 1800-1802.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  PUB. L. 103-272‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30166(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(B),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (E) (as‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 108(a)(1)(B)‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1397(a)(1)(B), (E)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to Sec.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  relates to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  112(a)-(c)), (D) (related to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(a)(3)(B)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 158(a)(1)), (E)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to Sec.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  112(a)-(c)), 80 Stat. 722;‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Oct. 27, 1974, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  93-492, Sec. 103(a)(1)(A),‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2), (3), 88 Stat. 1477,‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1478.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(a)(3)(B).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 112(a)-(c), 80
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 725; restated Oct. 27,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1974, Pub. L. 93-492, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  104(a), 88 Stat. 1478.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30166(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(B),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (E) (as‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1397(a)(1)(B), (E)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  relates to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(a)(1) (1st,‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  last sentences)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(a)(1) (1st,‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  last sentences).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30166(c)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(B),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (E) (as‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1397(a)(1)(B), (E)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  relates to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(a)(2), (b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1st sentence ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  61st-last words),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c)(2)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(a)(2), (b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1st sentence ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  61st-last words),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c)(2).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30166(d)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(B),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (E) (as‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1397(a)(1)(B), (E)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  relates to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(a)(3)(A)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(a)(3)(A).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30166(e)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(B),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (E) (as‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1397(a)(1)(B), (E)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  relates to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(b) (1st‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence 1st-60th‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  words, last‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(b) (1st‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence 1st-60th‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  words, last‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30166(f)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1418(a)(1)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1418(a)(1).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  158(a)(1); added Oct. 27,‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1974, Pub. L. 93-492, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102(a), 88 Stat. 1475.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30166(g)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(B),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (E) (as‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1397(a)(1)(B), (E)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  relates to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(c)(1), (3),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (5)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(c)(1), (3),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (5).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30166(h)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(B),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (E) (as‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1397(a)(1)(B), (E)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  relates to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(c)(4)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(c)(4).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30166(i)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(B),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (E) (as‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1397(a)(1)(B), (E)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  relates to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(c)(6)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(c)(6).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30166(j)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1396 (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  inspecting and ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 107 (related to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  testing).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  inspecting and testing), 80
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 721.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30166(k)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(B),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (E) (as‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1397(a)(1)(B), (E)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  relates to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(a)(1) (2d ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(a)(1) (2d ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In this section, the words “regulation prescribed or order issued
‚ ‚ ‚  under this chapter” are substituted for “rules, regulations, or
‚ ‚ ‚  orders issued thereunder” and “regulations and orders promulgated
‚ ‚ ‚  thereunder” for consistency and because “rule” and “regulation” are
‚ ‚ ‚  synonymous. The text of 15:1397(a)(1)(B) and (E) (as 1397(a)(1)(B),
‚ ‚ ‚  (E) relates to 15:1401) is omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a), the words “As used” are omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚  The word “use” is omitted as being included in “operation”.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(1)(A), the words “this chapter” are substituted
‚ ‚ ‚  for “this subchapter” because of the restatement.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(1)(B), the words “the facts, circumstances,
‚ ‚ ‚  conditions, and causes of” are omitted as surplus. The words
‚ ‚ ‚  “designed to carry out” are substituted for “which is for the
‚ ‚ ‚  purposes of carrying out” to eliminate unnecessary words.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(2), the words “making”, “appropriate”, and
‚ ‚ ‚  “consistent with the purposes of this subsection” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c), before clause (1), the words “In carrying out
‚ ‚ ‚  this chapter” are substituted for “For purposes of carrying out
‚ ‚ ‚  paragraph (1)” in 15:1401(a)(2) and “In order to carry out the
‚ ‚ ‚  provisions of this subchapter” in 15:1401(c)(2) for clarity and
‚ ‚ ‚  consistency in this chapter. The words “an officer or employee
‚ ‚ ‚  designated by the Secretary of Transportation” are substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “officers or employees duly designated by the Secretary” in
‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(a)(2), “an officer or employee duly designated by the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary” in 15:1401(b), and “his duly authorized agent” in
‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(c)(2) for consistency. In clause (1), the words “may
‚ ‚ ‚  inspect and copy” are substituted for “shall . . . have access to,
‚ ‚ ‚  and for the purposes of examination the right to copy” in
‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(c)(2) to eliminate unnecessary words. The words “of any
‚ ‚ ‚  person having materials or information . . . any function of the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary under” are omitted as surplus. In clause (2), the word
‚ ‚ ‚  “may” is substituted for “permit such officer or employee to” in
‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(b) because of the restatement. The words “appropriate” and
‚ ‚ ‚  “relevant” are omitted as surplus. In clause (3)(A)-(C), the words
‚ ‚ ‚  “inspect with reasonable promptness” are substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(a)(2) (last sentence) to eliminate unnecessary words and
‚ ‚ ‚  for consistency. In clause (3)(A), the word “premises” is
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “factory, warehouse, or establishment” for
‚ ‚ ‚  consistency. In clause (3)(D), the words “not more than” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “a period not to exceed” for consistency.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (d), the words “for the purpose of inspection” and
‚ ‚ ‚  “the authority of” are omitted as surplus. The words “is inspected
‚ ‚ ‚  or temporarily impounded under subsection (c)(3) of this section”
‚ ‚ ‚  are substituted for “Whenever, under the authority of paragraph
‚ ‚ ‚  (2)(B), the Secretary inspects or temporarily impounds for the
‚ ‚ ‚  purpose of inspection” for clarity and to correct the cross-
‚ ‚ ‚  reference in the source provision. The words “to its owner” are
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (e), the words “establish and” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  surplus. The words “This subsection does not impose” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “Nothing in this subsection shall be construed as
‚ ‚ ‚  imposing” for consistency and to eliminate unnecessary words.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (f), the words “notices, bulletins, and other” are
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted as surplus. The words “with a motor vehicle safety standard
‚ ‚ ‚  prescribed under this chapter” are added for clarity. The text of
‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(D) (related to 15:1418(a)(1)) is omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (g)(1), before clause (A), the words “or on the
‚ ‚ ‚  authorization of the Secretary, any officer or employee of the
‚ ‚ ‚  Department of Transportation” are omitted as surplus because of
‚ ‚ ‚  49:322(b). In clause (A), the words “in writing”, “in such form as
‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary may prescribe”, “relating to any function of the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary under this subchapter”, and “shall be filed with the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary within such reasonable period as the Secretary may
‚ ‚ ‚  prescribe” are omitted as surplus. In clause (B), the words “sit
‚ ‚ ‚  and act at such times and places” are omitted as being included in
‚ ‚ ‚  “conduct hearings”. The word “records” is substituted for “such
‚ ‚ ‚  books, papers, correspondence, memorandums, contracts, agreements,
‚ ‚ ‚  or other records” for consistency in the revised title and with
‚ ‚ ‚  other titles of the United States Code.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (h), the words “A civil action to enforce a subpena
‚ ‚ ‚  or order . . . may be brought in the United States district court
‚ ‚ ‚  for the judicial district in which the proceeding is conducted” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “any of the district courts of the United States
‚ ‚ ‚  within the jurisdiction of which an inquiry is carried on may, in
‚ ‚ ‚  the case of contumacy or refusal to obey a subpena or order of the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary or such officer or employee . . . issue an order
‚ ‚ ‚  requiring compliance therewith” for clarity and to eliminate
‚ ‚ ‚  unnecessary words. The words “an order of the court to comply with
‚ ‚ ‚  a subpena or order” are substituted for “such order of the court”
‚ ‚ ‚  for clarity.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (i), the words “United States” are substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “Federal” for consistency. The words “to provide” are substituted
‚ ‚ ‚  for “from” because of the restatement. The words “his functions
‚ ‚ ‚  under” are omitted as surplus. The words “head of the” are added
‚ ‚ ‚  for consistency. The words “to the Department of Transportation . .
‚ ‚ ‚  . made by the Secretary” are omitted as surplus. The words “detail
‚ ‚ ‚  personnel on a reimbursable basis” are substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(c)(6)(B) to eliminate unnecessary words and because of the
‚ ‚ ‚  restatement. The word “otherwise” is added for clarity. The words
‚ ‚ ‚  “be deemed to” and “provision of” are omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (j), the words “departments, agencies, and
‚ ‚ ‚  instrumentalities of the Government, States, and other public and
‚ ‚ ‚  private agencies” are substituted for “other Federal departments
‚ ‚ ‚  and agencies, and State and other interested public and private
‚ ‚ ‚  agencies” for consistency.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (k), the words “for appropriate action” are omitted
‚ ‚ ‚  as surplus.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  PUB. L. 103-429‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  This amends 49:30166(h) to clarify the restatement of
‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(c)(4) by section 1 of the Act of July 5, 1994 (Public Law
‚ ‚ ‚  103-272, 108 Stat. 970).

-REFTEXT-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  REFERENCES IN TEXT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  The date of the enactment of the Transportation Recall
‚ ‚ ‚  Enhancement, Accountability, and Documentation (TREAD) Act,
‚ ‚ ‚  referred to in subsecs. (m)(1) and (n)(1), is the date of enactment
‚ ‚ ‚  of Pub. L. 106-414, which was approved Nov. 1, 2000.
-MISC2-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  AMENDMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  2000 – Subsecs. (l) to (n). Pub. L. 106-414 added subsecs. (l) to
‚ ‚ ‚  (n).
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1996 – Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 104-287 made technical amendment to
‚ ‚ ‚  directory language of Pub. L. 104-88, Sec. 308(j). See 1995
‚ ‚ ‚  Amendment note below.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1995 – Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 104-88, Sec. 308(j), as amended by
‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 104-287, substituted “subchapter I of chapter 135” for
‚ ‚ ‚  “subchapter II of chapter 105”.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1994 – Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 103-429 substituted “any judicial
‚ ‚ ‚  district” for “the judicial district”.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1996 AMENDMENT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section 6(f)(3) of Pub. L. 104-287 provided that the amendment
‚ ‚ ‚  made by that section is effective Dec. 29, 1995.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1995 AMENDMENT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Amendment by Pub. L. 104-88 effective Jan. 1, 1996, see section 2
‚ ‚ ‚  of Pub. L. 104-88, set out as an Effective Date note under section
‚ ‚ ‚  701 of this title.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1994 AMENDMENT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Amendment by Pub. L. 103-429 effective July 5, 1994, see section
‚ ‚ ‚  9 of Pub. L. 103-429, set out as a note under section 321 of this
‚ ‚ ‚  title.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30167‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER IV – ENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATIVE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30167. Disclosure of information by the Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Confidentiality of Information. – Information obtained under
‚ ‚ ‚  this chapter related to a confidential matter referred to in
‚ ‚ ‚  section 1905 of title 18 may be disclosed only in the following
‚ ‚ ‚  ways:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) to other officers and employees carrying out this chapter.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) when relevant to a proceeding under this chapter.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) to the public if the confidentiality of the information is
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  preserved.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (4) to the public when the Secretary of Transportation decides
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  that disclosure is necessary to carry out section 30101 of this
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  title.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Defect and Noncompliance Information. – Subject to subsection
‚ ‚ ‚  (a) of this section, the Secretary shall disclose information
‚ ‚ ‚  obtained under this chapter related to a defect or noncompliance
‚ ‚ ‚  that the Secretary decides will assist in carrying out sections
‚ ‚ ‚  30117(b) and 30118-30121 of this title or that is required to be
‚ ‚ ‚  disclosed under section 30118(a) of this title. A requirement to
‚ ‚ ‚  disclose information under this subsection is in addition to the
‚ ‚ ‚  requirements of section 552 of title 5.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Information About Manufacturer’s Increased Costs. – A
‚ ‚ ‚  manufacturer opposing an action of the Secretary under this chapter
‚ ‚ ‚  because of increased cost shall submit to the Secretary information
‚ ‚ ‚  about the increased cost, including the manufacturer’s cost and the
‚ ‚ ‚  cost to retail purchasers, that allows the public and the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  to evaluate the manufacturer’s statement. The Secretary shall
‚ ‚ ‚  evaluate the information promptly and, subject to subsection (a) of
‚ ‚ ‚  this section, shall make the information and evaluation available
‚ ‚ ‚  to the public. The Secretary shall publish a notice in the Federal
‚ ‚ ‚  Register that the information is available.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d) Withholding Information From Congress. – This section does
‚ ‚ ‚  not authorize information to be withheld from a committee of
‚ ‚ ‚  Congress authorized to have the information.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 970.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30167(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(B)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 108(a)(1)(B)‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(e) (1st‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to Sec. 112(e)),‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence)), (D)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (D) (related to Sec.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  158(a)(2)), (E) (related to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1418(a)(2)(B)),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 112(e)), 80 Stat. 722;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (E) (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Oct. 27, 1974, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(e) (1st‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  93-492, Sec. 103(a)(1)(A),‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2), (3), 88 Stat. 1477,‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1478.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(e) (1st‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 112(e), 80‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 725; Oct. 27, 1974,‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 93-492, Sec. 104(b),
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  88 Stat. 1480.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1402(b)(2) (1st‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  113; added Oct. 27, 1974,‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 93-492, Sec. 105, 88
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 1480.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1418(a)(2)(B).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, 80 Stat. 718, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  158(a)(2); added Oct. 27,‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1974, Pub. L. 93-492, Sec.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102(a), 88 Stat. 1476.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30167(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(D)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (related to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1418(a)(2)(A),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (C)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1418(a)(2)(A),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (C).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30167(c)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1402(a), (b)(1),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c)-(e).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30167(d)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397(a)(1)(B),‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (E) (as‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1397(a)(1)(B), (E)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  relates to‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(e) (last‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence)).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(e) (last‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1402(b)(2) (last‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sentence).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In this section, the text of 15:1397(a)(1)(B) (related to
‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(e)), (D) (related to 15:1418(a)(2)), and (E) (related to
‚ ‚ ‚  15:1401(e)) is omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a), before clause (1), the words “Except as
‚ ‚ ‚  otherwise provided in section 1418(a)(2) and section 1402(b) of
‚ ‚ ‚  this title” in 15:1401(e) (1st sentence) are omitted, and the words
‚ ‚ ‚  “Information obtained under this chapter related to a confidential
‚ ‚ ‚  matter” are substituted for “all information reported to or
‚ ‚ ‚  otherwise obtained by the Secretary or his representative pursuant
‚ ‚ ‚  to this subchapter which information contains or relates to a trade
‚ ‚ ‚  secret or other matter” in 15:1401(e) (1st sentence) and “described
‚ ‚ ‚  in subparagraph (A)” in 15:1418(a)(2)(B), because of the
‚ ‚ ‚  restatement. The words “shall be considered confidential for the
‚ ‚ ‚  purpose of that section” are omitted as surplus. The words “may be
‚ ‚ ‚  disclosed only in the following ways” are substituted for “except
‚ ‚ ‚  that such information may be disclosed” in 15:1401(e) (1st
‚ ‚ ‚  sentence) and 15:1402(b)(2) (1st sentence) and “and shall not be
‚ ‚ ‚  disclosed; unless” in 15:1418(a)(2)(B) to eliminate unnecessary
‚ ‚ ‚  words. Clause (3) is substituted for 15:1402(b)(2) (1st sentence
‚ ‚ ‚  words before 2d comma) to eliminate unnecessary words.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b), the words “Subject to” are substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “Except as provided in” for consistency. The words “to the public
‚ ‚ ‚  so much of any” and “which is” are omitted as surplus. The words
‚ ‚ ‚  “which relates to motor vehicle safety” and “with an applicable
‚ ‚ ‚  Federal motor vehicle safety standard” are omitted because of the
‚ ‚ ‚  restatement. The words “the purposes of” and “and not in lieu of”
‚ ‚ ‚  are omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c), the words “For purposes of this section, the
‚ ‚ ‚  term ‘cost information’ means” and “such cost information” are
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted because of the restatement. The words “alleged”, “both”,
‚ ‚ ‚  and “resulting from action by the Secretary, in such form” are
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted as surplus. The words “Such term includes” are omitted
‚ ‚ ‚  because of the restatement. The words “to evaluate” are substituted
‚ ‚ ‚  for “to make an informed judgment” to eliminate unnecessary words
‚ ‚ ‚  and for consistency in the subsection. The words “(in such detail
‚ ‚ ‚  as the Secretary may by regulation or order prescribe)” are omitted
‚ ‚ ‚  as surplus because of 49:322(a). The word “thereafter” is omitted
‚ ‚ ‚  as surplus. The word “evaluate” is substituted for “prepare an
‚ ‚ ‚  evaluation of” to eliminate unnecessary words. The words “The
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary” are added for clarity. The text of 15:1402(d) is omitted
‚ ‚ ‚  as surplus because of 49:322(a). The text of 15:1402(e) is omitted
‚ ‚ ‚  as surplus because of the restatement.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (d), the words “by the Secretary or any officer or
‚ ‚ ‚  employee under his control” and “duly” are omitted as surplus. The
‚ ‚ ‚  words “to have the information” are added for clarity.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30168‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER IV – ENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATIVE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30168. Research, testing, development, and training

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) General Authority. – (1) The Secretary of Transportation
‚ ‚ ‚  shall conduct research, testing, development, and training
‚ ‚ ‚  necessary to carry out this chapter. The research, development,
‚ ‚ ‚  testing, and training shall include –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) collecting information to determine the relationship
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  between motor vehicle or motor vehicle equipment performance
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  characteristics and –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (i) accidents involving motor vehicles; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (ii) the occurrence of death or personal injury resulting
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  from those accidents;

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) obtaining experimental and other motor vehicles and motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle equipment for research or testing; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (C) selling or otherwise disposing of test motor vehicles and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicle equipment and crediting the proceeds to current
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  appropriations available to carry out this chapter.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) The Secretary may carry out this subsection through grants to
‚ ‚ ‚  States, interstate authorities, and nonprofit institutions.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Use of Public Agencies. – In carrying out this chapter, the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary shall use the services, research, and testing facilities
‚ ‚ ‚  of public agencies to the maximum extent practicable to avoid
‚ ‚ ‚  duplication.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Facilities. – The Secretary may plan, design, and build a new
‚ ‚ ‚  facility or modify an existing facility to conduct research,
‚ ‚ ‚  development, and testing in traffic safety, highway safety, and
‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicle safety. An expenditure of more than $100,000 for
‚ ‚ ‚  planning, design, or construction may be made only if the planning,
‚ ‚ ‚  design, or construction is approved by substantially similar
‚ ‚ ‚  resolutions by the Committees on Commerce and Transportation and
‚ ‚ ‚  Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the Committees
‚ ‚ ‚  on Commerce, Science, and Transportation and Environment and Public
‚ ‚ ‚  Works of the Senate. To obtain that approval, the Secretary shall
‚ ‚ ‚  submit to Congress a prospectus on the proposed facility. The
‚ ‚ ‚  prospectus shall include –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) a brief description of the facility being planned,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  designed, or built;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) the location of the facility;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) an estimate of the maximum cost of the facility;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (4) a statement identifying private and public agencies that
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  will use the facility and the contribution each agency will make
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  to the cost of the facility; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (5) a justification of the need for the facility.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d) Increasing Costs of Approved Facilities. – The estimated
‚ ‚ ‚  maximum cost of a facility approved under subsection (c) of this
‚ ‚ ‚  section may be increased by an amount equal to the percentage
‚ ‚ ‚  increase in construction costs from the date the prospectus is
‚ ‚ ‚  submitted to Congress. However, the increase in the cost of the
‚ ‚ ‚  facility may not be more than 10 percent of the estimated maximum
‚ ‚ ‚  cost included in the prospectus. The Secretary shall decide what
‚ ‚ ‚  increase in construction costs has occurred.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (e) Availability of Information, Patents, and Developments. –
‚ ‚ ‚  When the United States Government makes more than a minimal
‚ ‚ ‚  contribution to a research or development activity under this
‚ ‚ ‚  chapter, the Secretary shall include in the arrangement for the
‚ ‚ ‚  activity a provision to ensure that all information, patents, and
‚ ‚ ‚  developments related to the activity are available to the public.
‚ ‚ ‚  However, the owner of a background patent may not be deprived of a
‚ ‚ ‚  right under the patent.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 971; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  104-287, Sec. 5(58), Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3394.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30168(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1395(a), (b).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Secs. 106, 118, 80‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 721, 728.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30168(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1406.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30168(c)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1431(a).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 301, 80 Stat.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  729; restated May 22, 1970,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 91-265, Sec. 7, 84‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 263.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30168(d)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1431(b).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30168(e)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1395(c).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a)(1), before clause (A), the words “the purposes
‚ ‚ ‚  of” and “but not limited to” are omitted as surplus. In clause (A),
‚ ‚ ‚  before subclause (i), the words “from any source” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  surplus. In clause (B), the words “(by negotiation or otherwise)”
‚ ‚ ‚  and “purposes” are omitted as surplus. In clause (C), the word
‚ ‚ ‚  “crediting” is substituted for “reimbursing” because it is more
‚ ‚ ‚  appropriate. The words “of such sale or disposal” and “the purposes
‚ ‚ ‚  of” are omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a)(2), the words “conduct research, testing,
‚ ‚ ‚  development, and training as authorized to be . . . for the conduct
‚ ‚ ‚  of such research, testing, development, and training” are omitted
‚ ‚ ‚  as surplus. The word “authorities” is substituted for “agencies”
‚ ‚ ‚  for consistency.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b), the words “in order” are omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c), before clause (1), the word “suitable” is
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted as surplus. The word “testing” is substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “compliance and other testing” to eliminate unnecessary words. The
‚ ‚ ‚  words “An expenditure of more than $100,000 . . . may be made only”
‚ ‚ ‚  are substituted for “except that no appropriation shall be made . .
‚ ‚ ‚  . involving an expenditure in excess of $100,000” as being more
‚ ‚ ‚  precise and to eliminate unnecessary words. The words
‚ ‚ ‚  “substantially similar resolutions” are substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “resolutions adopted in substantially the same form” to eliminate
‚ ‚ ‚  unnecessary words. The words “Energy and Commerce” are substituted
‚ ‚ ‚  for “Interstate and Foreign Commerce”, and the words “Public Works
‚ ‚ ‚  and Transportation” are substituted for “Public Works”, to conform
‚ ‚ ‚  to the amendments made to House Rule X changing the names of those
‚ ‚ ‚  committees. The words “Commerce, Science, and Transportation” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “Commerce”, and the words “Environment and Public
‚ ‚ ‚  Works” are substituted for “Public Works”, to conform to the
‚ ‚ ‚  amendments made to Senate Rule XXV changing the names of those
‚ ‚ ‚  committees. The words “To obtain that” are substituted for “For the
‚ ‚ ‚  purpose of securing consideration of such” to eliminate unnecessary
‚ ‚ ‚  words. The words “The prospectus shall include” are substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “including” for clarity. The words “(but not limited to)” are
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted as surplus. In clause (5), the words “statement of” are
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (d), the words “if any” are omitted as surplus. The
‚ ‚ ‚  words “in the cost of the facility” are substituted for “authorized
‚ ‚ ‚  by this subsection”, and the words “The Secretary shall decide what
‚ ‚ ‚  increase in construction costs has occurred” are substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “as determined by the Secretary”, for clarity.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (e), the words “United States Government” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “Federal” for consistency. The words “arrangement
‚ ‚ ‚  for the activity” are substituted for “contract, grant, or other
‚ ‚ ‚  arrangement for such research or development activity”, and the
‚ ‚ ‚  words “patents, and developments” are substituted for “uses,
‚ ‚ ‚  processes, patents, and other developments”, to eliminate
‚ ‚ ‚  unnecessary words. The words “encouraging motor vehicle safety”,
‚ ‚ ‚  “effective”, “fully and freely”, and “general” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  surplus. The word “However” is added for clarity. The words “may
‚ ‚ ‚  not be” are substituted for “Nothing herein shall be construed to”
‚ ‚ ‚  for consistency. The words “which he may have” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  surplus.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  AMENDMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1996 – Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 104-287 substituted “Committees on
‚ ‚ ‚  Commerce and Transportation and Infrastructure” for “Committees on
‚ ‚ ‚  Energy and Commerce and Public Works and Transportation”.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30169‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER IV – ENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATIVE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30169. Annual reports

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) General Report. – The Secretary of Transportation shall
‚ ‚ ‚  submit to the President to submit to Congress on July 1 of each
‚ ‚ ‚  year a report on the administration of this chapter for the prior
‚ ‚ ‚  calendar year. The report shall include –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) a thorough statistical compilation of accidents and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  injuries;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) motor vehicle safety standards in effect or prescribed
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  under this chapter;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) the degree of observance of the standards;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (4) a summary of current research grants and contracts and a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  description of the problems to be considered under those grants
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  and contracts;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (5) an analysis and evaluation of research activities completed
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  and technological progress achieved;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (6) enforcement actions;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (7) the extent to which technical information was given the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  scientific community and consumer-oriented information was made
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  available to the public; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (8) recommendations for legislation needed to promote
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  cooperation among the States in improving traffic safety and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  strengthening the national traffic safety program.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Report on Importing Motor Vehicles. – Not later than 18
‚ ‚ ‚  months after regulations are first prescribed under section
‚ ‚ ‚  2(e)(1)(B) of the Imported Vehicle Safety Compliance Act of 1988,
‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report of the actions
‚ ‚ ‚  taken to carry out subchapter III of this chapter and the
‚ ‚ ‚  effectiveness of those actions, including any testing by the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary under section 30146(c)(2) of this title. After the first
‚ ‚ ‚  report, the Secretary shall submit a report to Congress under this
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection not later than July 31 of each year.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 972.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30169(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1408.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sept. 9, 1966, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  89-563, Sec. 120, 80 Stat.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  728; May 22, 1970, Pub. L.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  91-265, Sec. 5, 84 Stat.‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  263; Oct. 27, 1974, Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  93-492, Sec. 110(b), 88‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 1484.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30169(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:1397 (note).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Oct. 31, 1988, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  100-562, Sec. 2(e)(4), 102‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 2825.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a), before clause (1), the words “prepare and”,
‚ ‚ ‚  “comprehensive”, and “but not be restricted to” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  unnecessary. In clause (1), the words “occurring in such year” are
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted as surplus. In clause (2), the words “in such year” are
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted as surplus. The words “under this chapter” are substituted
‚ ‚ ‚  for “Federal” for consistency in this chapter. In clause (3), the
‚ ‚ ‚  words “applicable Federal motor vehicle” are omitted as surplus. In
‚ ‚ ‚  clause (4), the word “all” is omitted as surplus. In clause (5),
‚ ‚ ‚  the words “including relevant policy recommendations” and “during
‚ ‚ ‚  such year” are omitted as surplus. In clause (6), the words “a
‚ ‚ ‚  statement of . . . including judicial decisions, settlements, or
‚ ‚ ‚  pending litigation during such year” are omitted as surplus. In
‚ ‚ ‚  clause (7), the word “motoring” is omitted as surplus. In clause
‚ ‚ ‚  (8), the words “The report required by subsection (a) of this
‚ ‚ ‚  section shall contain such” are omitted because of the restatement.
‚ ‚ ‚  The words “additional . . . as the Secretary deems” and “several”
‚ ‚ ‚  are omitted as surplus.

-REFTEXT-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  REFERENCES IN TEXT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section 2(e)(1)(B) of the Imported Vehicle Safety Compliance Act
‚ ‚ ‚  of 1988, referred to in subsec. (b), is section 2(e)(1)(B) of Pub.
‚ ‚ ‚  L. 100-562, which was set out as a note under section 1397 of Title
‚ ‚ ‚  15, Commerce and Trade, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 103-272, Sec.
‚ ‚ ‚  7(b), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1379.
-MISC2-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  TERMINATION OF REPORTING REQUIREMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  For termination, effective May 15, 2000, of provisions of law
‚ ‚ ‚  requiring submittal to Congress of any annual, semiannual, or other
‚ ‚ ‚  regular periodic report listed in House Document No. 103-7 (in
‚ ‚ ‚  which the 1st item on page 135 and the 2nd item on page 134
‚ ‚ ‚  identify reporting provisions which, as subsequently amended, are
‚ ‚ ‚  contained, respectively, in subsecs. (a) and (b) of this section),
‚ ‚ ‚  see section 3003 of Pub. L. 104-66, set out as a note under section
‚ ‚ ‚  1113 of Title 31, Money and Finance.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30170‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 301 – MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBCHAPTER IV – ENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATIVE

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30170. Criminal Penalties

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Criminal Liability for Falsifying or Withholding Information.
‚ ‚ ‚  –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) General rule. – A person who violates section 1001 of title
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  18 with respect to the reporting requirements of section 30166,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  with the specific intention of misleading the Secretary with
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  respect to motor vehicle or motor vehicle equipment safety
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  related defects that have caused death or serious bodily injury
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  to an individual (as defined in section 1365(g)(3) (!1) of title
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  18), shall be subject to criminal penalties of a fine under title
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  18, or imprisoned for not more than 15 years, or both.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) Safe harbor to encourage reporting and for whistle blowers.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) Correction. – A person described in paragraph (1) shall
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  not be subject to criminal penalties under this subsection if:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) at the time of the violation, such person does not know
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  that the violation would result in an accident causing death or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  serious bodily injury; and (2) the person corrects any improper
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  reports or failure to report within a reasonable time.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) Reasonable time and sufficiency of correction. – The
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary shall establish by regulation what constitutes a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  reasonable time for the purposes of subparagraph (A) and what
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  manner of correction is sufficient for purposes of subparagraph
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A). The Secretary shall issue a final rule under this
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  subparagraph within 90 days of the date of the enactment of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  this section.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (C) Effective date. – Subsection (a) shall not take effect
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  before the final rule under subparagraph (B) takes effect.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Coordination with Department of Justice. – The Attorney
‚ ‚ ‚  General may bring an action, or initiate grand jury proceedings,
‚ ‚ ‚  for a violation of subsection (a) only at the request of the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary of Transportation.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Added Pub. L. 106-414, Sec. 5(b)(1), Nov. 1, 2000, 114 Stat.
‚ ‚ ‚  1803.)

-REFTEXT-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  REFERENCES IN TEXT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section 1365(g)(3) of title 18, referred to in subsec. (a)(1),
‚ ‚ ‚  was redesignated section 1365(h)(3) of title 18 by Pub. L. 107-307,
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 2(1), Dec. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 2445.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  The date of the enactment of this section, referred to in subsec.
‚ ‚ ‚  (a)(2)(B), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 106-414, which was
‚ ‚ ‚  approved Nov. 1, 2000.

-FOOTNOTE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (!1) See References in Text note below.
-End-
-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC CHAPTER 303 – NATIONAL DRIVER REGISTER‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 303 – NATIONAL DRIVER REGISTER

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 303 – NATIONAL DRIVER REGISTER‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 

-MISC1-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30301.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Definitions.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30302.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  National Driver Register.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30303.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  State participation.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30304.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Reports by chief driver licensing officials.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30305.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Access to Register information.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30306.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  National Driver Register Advisory Committee.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30307.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Criminal penalties.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30308.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Authorization of appropriations.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30301‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 303 – NATIONAL DRIVER REGISTER

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30301. Definitions

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In this chapter –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) “alcohol” has the same meaning given that term in
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Transportation.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) “chief driver licensing official” means the official in a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  State who is authorized to –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) maintain a record about a motor vehicle operator’s
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  license issued by the State; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) issue, deny, revoke, suspend, or cancel a motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  operator’s license issued by the State.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) “controlled substance” has the same meaning given that term
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  in section 102 of the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Control Act of 1970 (21 U.S.C. 802).
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (4) “motor vehicle” means a vehicle, machine, tractor, trailer,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  or semitrailer propelled or drawn by mechanical power and used on
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  public streets, roads, or highways, but does not include a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle operated only on a rail line.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (5) “motor vehicle operator’s license” means a license issued
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  by a State authorizing an individual to operate a motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  on public streets, roads, or highways.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (6) “participating State” means a State that has notified the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary under section 30303 of this title of its participation
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  in the National Driver Register.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (7) “State” means a State of the United States, the District of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Columbia, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the Northern Mariana Islands, the Trust Territory of the Pacific
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Islands, and any other territory or possession of the United
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  States.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (8) “State of record” means a State that has given the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary a report under section 30304 of this title about an
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  individual who is the subject of a request for information made
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  under section 30305 of this title.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 973.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30301‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  23:401 (note).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Oct. 25, 1982, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  97-364, Sec. 202, 96 Stat.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1740.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In clauses (4) and (5), the words “public streets, roads, or
‚ ‚ ‚  highways” are substituted for “highway” and ” ‘highway’ means any
‚ ‚ ‚  road or street” for consistency in the revised title.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In clause (4), the words “rail line” are substituted for “rail or
‚ ‚ ‚  rails” for consistency in the revised title.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  The definitions of “Secretary”, “Register”, and “Register system”
‚ ‚ ‚  are omitted as surplus because the complete name of the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  of Transportation and the National Driver Register are used the
‚ ‚ ‚  first time the terms appear in a section.
-TRANS-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  TERMINATION OF TRUST TERRITORY OF THE PACIFIC ISLANDS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  For termination of Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, see
‚ ‚ ‚  note set out preceding section 1681 of Title 48, Territories and
‚ ‚ ‚  Insular Possessions.
-MISC2-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  PROTECTION OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AND CRIME VICTIMS FROM CERTAIN
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  DISCLOSURES OF INFORMATION
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 109-162, title VIII, Sec. 827, Jan. 5, 2006, 119 Stat.
‚ ‚ ‚  3066, provided that: “In developing regulations or guidance with
‚ ‚ ‚  regard to identification documents, including driver’s licenses,
‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary of Homeland Security, in consultation with the
‚ ‚ ‚  Administrator of Social Security, shall consider and address the
‚ ‚ ‚  needs of victims, including victims of battery, extreme cruelty,
‚ ‚ ‚  domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, stalking or
‚ ‚ ‚  trafficking, who are entitled to enroll in State address
‚ ‚ ‚  confidentiality programs, whose addresses are entitled to be
‚ ‚ ‚  suppressed under State or Federal law or suppressed by a court
‚ ‚ ‚  order, or who are protected from disclosure of information pursuant
‚ ‚ ‚  to section 384 of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant
‚ ‚ ‚  Responsibility Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1367).”

‚ ‚ ‚  IMPROVED SECURITY FOR DRIVERS’ LICENSES AND PERSONAL IDENTIFICATION
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  CARDS
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 110-177, title V, Sec. 508, Jan. 7, 2008, 121 Stat. 2543,
‚ ‚ ‚  provided that:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(a) Minimum Document Requirements. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) Minimum requirements. – For purposes of section 202(b)(6)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of the REAL ID Act of 2005 [div. B of Pub. L. 109-13] (49 U.S.C.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  30301 note), a State may, in the case of an individual described
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  in subparagraph (A) or (B) of paragraph (2), include in a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  driver’s license or other identification card issued to that
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  individual by the State, the address specified in that
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  subparagraph in lieu of the individual’s address of principle
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  residence.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) Individuals and information. – The individuals and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  addresses referred to in paragraph (1) are the following:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(A) In the case of a Justice of the United States, the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  address of the United States Supreme Court.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(B) In the case of a judge of a Federal court, the address
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of the courthouse.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(b) Verification of Information. – For purposes of section
‚ ‚ ‚  202(c)(1)(D) of the REAL ID Act of 2005 (49 U.S.C. 30301 note), in
‚ ‚ ‚  the case of an individual described in subparagraph (A) or (B) of
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection (a)(2), a State need only require documentation of the
‚ ‚ ‚  address appearing on the individual’s driver’s license or other
‚ ‚ ‚  identification card issued by that State to the individual.”
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 109-13, div. B, title II, May 11, 2005, 119 Stat. 311,
‚ ‚ ‚  provided that:

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 201. DEFINITIONS.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “In this title, the following definitions apply:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) Driver’s license. – The term ‘driver’s license’ means a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  motor vehicle operator’s license, as defined in section 30301 of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  title 49, United States Code.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) Identification card. – The term ‘identification card’
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  means a personal identification card, as defined in section
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1028(d) of title 18, United States Code, issued by a State.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(3) Official purpose. – The term ‘official purpose’ includes
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  but is not limited to accessing Federal facilities, boarding
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  federally regulated commercial aircraft, entering nuclear power
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  plants, and any other purposes that the Secretary shall
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  determine.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(4) Secretary. – The term ‘Secretary’ means the Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Homeland Security.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(5) State. – The term ‘State’ means a State of the United
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the Virgin
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Islands, Guam, American Samoa, the Northern Mariana Islands, the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, and any other territory
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  or possession of the United States.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 202. MINIMUM DOCUMENT REQUIREMENTS AND ISSUANCE STANDARDS
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  FOR FEDERAL RECOGNITION.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(a) Minimum Standards for Federal Use. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) In general. – Beginning 3 years after the date of the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  enactment of this division [May 11, 2005], a Federal agency may
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  not accept, for any official purpose, a driver’s license or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  identification card issued by a State to any person unless the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  State is meeting the requirements of this section.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) State certifications. – The Secretary shall determine
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  whether a State is meeting the requirements of this section based
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  on certifications made by the State to the Secretary. Such
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  certifications shall be made at such times and in such manner as
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation, may prescribe by regulation.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(b) Minimum Document Requirements. – To meet the requirements of
‚ ‚ ‚  this section, a State shall include, at a minimum, the following
‚ ‚ ‚  information and features on each driver’s license and
‚ ‚ ‚  identification card issued to a person by the State:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) The person’s full legal name.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) The person’s date of birth.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(3) The person’s gender.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(4) The person’s driver’s license or identification card
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  number.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(5) A digital photograph of the person.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(6) The person’s address of principle residence.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(7) The person’s signature.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(8) Physical security features designed to prevent tampering,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  counterfeiting, or duplication of the document for fraudulent
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  purposes.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(9) A common machine-readable technology, with defined minimum
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  data elements.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(c) Minimum Issuance Standards. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) In general. – To meet the requirements of this section, a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  State shall require, at a minimum, presentation and verification
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of the following information before issuing a driver’s license or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  identification card to a person:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(A) A photo identity document, except that a non-photo
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  identity document is acceptable if it includes both the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  person’s full legal name and date of birth.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(B) Documentation showing the person’s date of birth.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(C) Proof of the person’s social security account number or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  verification that the person is not eligible for a social
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  security account number.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(D) Documentation showing the person’s name and address of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  principal residence.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) Special requirements. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(A) In general. – To meet the requirements of this section,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  a State shall comply with the minimum standards of this
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  paragraph.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(B) Evidence of lawful status. – A State shall require,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  before issuing a driver’s license or identification card to a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  person, valid documentary evidence that the person –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(i) is a citizen or national of the United States;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(ii) is an alien lawfully admitted for permanent or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  temporary residence in the United States;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(iii) has conditional permanent resident status in the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  United States;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(iv) has an approved application for asylum in the United
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  States or has entered into the United States in refugee
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  status;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(v) has a valid, unexpired nonimmigrant visa or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  nonimmigrant visa status for entry into the United States;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(vi) has a pending application for asylum in the United
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  States;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(vii) has a pending or approved application for temporary
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  protected status in the United States;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(viii) has approved deferred action status; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(ix) has a pending application for adjustment of status to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  that of an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence in
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the United States or conditional permanent resident status in
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the United States.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(C) Temporary drivers’ licenses and identification cards. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(i) In general. – If a person presents evidence under any
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of clauses (v) through (ix) of subparagraph (B), the State
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  may only issue a temporary driver’s license or temporary
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  identification card to the person.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(ii) Expiration date. – A temporary driver’s license or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  temporary identification card issued pursuant to this
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  subparagraph shall be valid only during the period of time of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the applicant’s authorized stay in the United States or, if
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  there is no definite end to the period of authorized stay, a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  period of one year.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(iii) Display of expiration date. – A temporary driver’s
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  license or temporary identification card issued pursuant to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  this subparagraph shall clearly indicate that it is temporary
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  and shall state the date on which it expires.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(iv) Renewal. – A temporary driver’s license or temporary
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  identification card issued pursuant to this subparagraph may
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  be renewed only upon presentation of valid documentary
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  evidence that the status by which the applicant qualified for
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the temporary driver’s license or temporary identification
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  card has been extended by the Secretary of Homeland Security.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(3) Verification of documents. – To meet the requirements of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  this section, a State shall implement the following procedures:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(A) Before issuing a driver’s license or identification card
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  to a person, the State shall verify, with the issuing agency,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the issuance, validity, and completeness of each document
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  required to be presented by the person under paragraph (1) or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2).
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(B) The State shall not accept any foreign document, other
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  than an official passport, to satisfy a requirement of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  paragraph (1) or (2).
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(C) Not later than September 11, 2005, the State shall enter
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  into a memorandum of understanding with the Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Homeland Security to routinely utilize the automated system
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  known as Systematic Alien Verification for Entitlements, as
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  provided for by section 404 of the Illegal Immigration Reform
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 [Pub. L. 104-208, div.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  C, 8 U.S.C. 1324a note] (110 Stat. 3009-664), to verify the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  legal presence status of a person, other than a United States
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  citizen, applying for a driver’s license or identification
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  card.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(d) Other Requirements. – To meet the requirements of this
‚ ‚ ‚  section, a State shall adopt the following practices in the
‚ ‚ ‚  issuance of drivers’ licenses and identification cards:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) Employ technology to capture digital images of identity
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  source documents so that the images can be retained in electronic
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  storage in a transferable format.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) Retain paper copies of source documents for a minimum of 7
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  years or images of source documents presented for a minimum of 10
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  years.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(3) Subject each person applying for a driver’s license or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  identification card to mandatory facial image capture.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(4) Establish an effective procedure to confirm or verify a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  renewing applicant’s information.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(5) Confirm with the Social Security Administration a social
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  security account number presented by a person using the full
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  social security account number. In the event that a social
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  security account number is already registered to or associated
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  with another person to which any State has issued a driver’s
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  license or identification card, the State shall resolve the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  discrepancy and take appropriate action.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(6) Refuse to issue a driver’s license or identification card
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  to a person holding a driver’s license issued by another State
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  without confirmation that the person is terminating or has
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  terminated the driver’s license.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(7) Ensure the physical security of locations where drivers’
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  licenses and identification cards are produced and the security
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of document materials and papers from which drivers’ licenses and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  identification cards are produced.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(8) Subject all persons authorized to manufacture or produce
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  drivers’ licenses and identification cards to appropriate
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  security clearance requirements.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(9) Establish fraudulent document recognition training
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  programs for appropriate employees engaged in the issuance of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  drivers’ licenses and identification cards.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(10) Limit the period of validity of all driver’s licenses and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  identification cards that are not temporary to a period that does
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  not exceed 8 years.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(11) In any case in which the State issues a driver’s license
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  or identification card that does not satisfy the requirements of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  this section, ensure that such license or identification card –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(A) clearly states on its face that it may not be accepted
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  by any Federal agency for federal identification or any other
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  official purpose; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(B) uses a unique design or color indicator to alert Federal
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  agency and other law enforcement personnel that it may not be
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  accepted for any such purpose.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(12) Provide electronic access to all other States to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  information contained in the motor vehicle database of the State.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(13) Maintain a State motor vehicle database that contains, at
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  a minimum –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(A) all data fields printed on drivers’ licenses and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  identification cards issued by the State; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(B) motor vehicle drivers’ histories, including motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle violations, suspensions, and points on licenses.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 203. TRAFFICKING IN AUTHENTICATION FEATURES FOR USE IN
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  FALSE IDENTIFICATION DOCUMENTS.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(a) Criminal Penalty. – [Amended section 1028 of Title 18,
‚ ‚ ‚  Crimes and Criminal Procedure.]
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(b) Use of False Driver’s License at Airports. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) In general. – The Secretary shall enter, into the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  appropriate aviation security screening database, appropriate
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  information regarding any person convicted of using a false
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  driver’s license at an airport (as such term is defined in
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  section 40102 of title 49, United States Code).
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) False defined. – In this subsection, the term ‘false’ has
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the same meaning such term has under section 1028(d) of title 18,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  United States Code.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 204. GRANTS TO STATES.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(a) In General. – The Secretary may make grants to a State to
‚ ‚ ‚  assist the State in conforming to the minimum standards set forth
‚ ‚ ‚  in this title.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(b) Authorization of Appropriations. – There are authorized to
‚ ‚ ‚  be appropriated to the Secretary for each of the fiscal years 2005
‚ ‚ ‚  through 2009 such sums as may be necessary to carry out this title.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 205. AUTHORITY.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(a) Participation of Secretary of Transportation and States. –
‚ ‚ ‚  All authority to issue regulations, set standards, and issue grants
‚ ‚ ‚  under this title shall be carried out by the Secretary, in
‚ ‚ ‚  consultation with the Secretary of Transportation and the States.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(b) Extensions of Deadlines. – The Secretary may grant to a
‚ ‚ ‚  State an extension of time to meet the requirements of section
‚ ‚ ‚  202(a)(1) if the State provides adequate justification for
‚ ‚ ‚  noncompliance.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 206. REPEAL.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “[Repealed section 7212 of Pub. L. 108-458, set out below.]

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “SEC. 207. LIMITATION ON STATUTORY CONSTRUCTION.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “Nothing in this title shall be construed to affect the
‚ ‚ ‚  authorities or responsibilities of the Secretary of Transportation
‚ ‚ ‚  or the States under chapter 303 of title 49, United States Code.”
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 108-458, title VII, Sec. 7212, Dec. 17, 2004, 118 Stat.
‚ ‚ ‚  3827, which prohibited acceptance by a Federal agency, for any
‚ ‚ ‚  official purpose, of a driver’s license or personal identification
‚ ‚ ‚  card issued by a State more than 2 years after the promulgation of
‚ ‚ ‚  minimum standards unless the driver’s license or personal
‚ ‚ ‚  identification card conformed to such minimum standards, and
‚ ‚ ‚  directed the Secretary of Transportation, in consultation with the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary of Homeland Security, to establish such standards not
‚ ‚ ‚  later than 18 months after Dec. 17, 2004, was repealed by Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  109-13, div. B, title II, Sec. 206, May 11, 2005, 119 Stat. 316.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  EVALUATION AND ASSESSMENT OF ALTERNATIVES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 105-178, title II, Sec. 2006(c), June 9, 1998, 112 Stat.
‚ ‚ ‚  336, provided that:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(1) Evaluation. – The Secretary shall evaluate the
‚ ‚ ‚  implementation of chapter 303 of title 49, United States Code, and
‚ ‚ ‚  the programs under sections 31106 and 31309 of such title and
‚ ‚ ‚  identify alternatives to improve the ability of the States to
‚ ‚ ‚  exchange information about unsafe drivers and to identify drivers
‚ ‚ ‚  with multiple licenses.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(2) Technology assessment. – The Secretary, in conjunction with
‚ ‚ ‚  the American Association of Motor Vehicle Administrators, shall
‚ ‚ ‚  conduct an assessment of available electronic technologies to
‚ ‚ ‚  improve access to and exchange of motor vehicle driving records.
‚ ‚ ‚  The assessment may consider alternative unique motor vehicle driver
‚ ‚ ‚  identifiers that would facilitate accurate matching of drivers and
‚ ‚ ‚  their records.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(3) Report to congress. – Not later than 2 years after the date
‚ ‚ ‚  of enactment of this Act [June 9, 1998], the Secretary shall
‚ ‚ ‚  transmit to Congress a report on the results of the evaluation and
‚ ‚ ‚  technology assessment, together with any recommendations for
‚ ‚ ‚  appropriate administrative and legislative actions.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(4) Authorization of Appropriations. – There is authorized to be
‚ ‚ ‚  appropriated to carry out paragraph (2) $250,000 in the aggregate
‚ ‚ ‚  for fiscal years beginning after September 30, 1998.”

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30302‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 303 – NATIONAL DRIVER REGISTER

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30302. National Driver Register

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Establishment and Contents. – The Secretary of Transportation
‚ ‚ ‚  shall establish as soon as practicable and maintain a National
‚ ‚ ‚  Driver Register to assist chief driver licensing officials of
‚ ‚ ‚  participating States in exchanging information about the motor
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle driving records of individuals. The Register shall contain
‚ ‚ ‚  an index of the information reported to the Secretary under section
‚ ‚ ‚  30304 of this title. The Register shall enable the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  (electronically or, until all States can participate
‚ ‚ ‚  electronically, by United States mail) –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) to receive information submitted under section 30304 of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  this title by the chief driver licensing official of a State of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  record;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) to receive a request for information made by the chief
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  driver licensing official of a participating State under section
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  30305 of this title;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) to refer the request to the chief driver licensing official
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of a State of record; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (4) in response to the request, to relay information provided
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  by a chief driver licensing official of a State of record to the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  chief driver licensing official of a participating State, without
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  interception of the information.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Accuracy of Information. – The Secretary is not responsible
‚ ‚ ‚  for the accuracy of information relayed to the chief driver
‚ ‚ ‚  licensing official of a participating State. However, the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  shall maintain the Register in a way that ensures against
‚ ‚ ‚  inadvertent alteration of information during a relay.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Transition From Prior Register. – (1) The Secretary shall
‚ ‚ ‚  provide by regulation for the orderly transition from the register
‚ ‚ ‚  maintained under the Act of July 14, 1960 (Public Law 86-660, 74
‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 526), as restated by section 401 of the National Traffic and
‚ ‚ ‚  Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1966 (Public Law 89-563, 80 Stat. 730),
‚ ‚ ‚  to the Register maintained under this chapter.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2)(A) The Secretary shall delete from the Register a report or
‚ ‚ ‚  information that was compiled under the Act of July 14, 1960
‚ ‚ ‚  (Public Law 86-660, 74 Stat. 526), as restated by section 401 of
‚ ‚ ‚  the National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1966 (Public
‚ ‚ ‚  Law 89-563, 80 Stat. 730), and transferred to the Register, after
‚ ‚ ‚  the earlier of –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (i) the date the State of record removes it from the State’s
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  file;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (ii) 7 years after the date the report or information is
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  entered in the Register; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (iii) the date a fully electronic Register system is
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  established.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) The report or information shall be disposed of under chapter
‚ ‚ ‚  33 of title 44.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) If the chief driver licensing official of a participating
‚ ‚ ‚  State finds that information provided for inclusion in the Register
‚ ‚ ‚  is erroneous or is related to a conviction of a traffic offense
‚ ‚ ‚  that subsequently is reversed, the official immediately shall
‚ ‚ ‚  notify the Secretary. The Secretary shall provide for the immediate
‚ ‚ ‚  deletion of the information from the Register.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d) Assignment of Personnel. – In carrying out this chapter, the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary shall assign personnel necessary to ensure the effective
‚ ‚ ‚  operation of the Register.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (e) Transfer of Selected Functions to Non-Federal Management. –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) Agreement. – The Secretary may enter into an agreement with
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  an organization that represents the interests of the States to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  manage, administer, and operate the National Driver Register’s
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  computer timeshare and user assistance functions. If the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary decides to enter into such an agreement, the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  shall ensure that the management of these functions is compatible
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  with this chapter and the regulations issued to implement this
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  chapter.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) Required demonstration. – Any transfer of the National
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Driver Register’s computer timeshare and user assistance
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  functions to an organization that represents the interests of the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  States shall begin only after a determination is made by the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary that all States are participating in the National
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Driver Register’s “Problem Driver Pointer System” (the system
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  used by the Register to effect the exchange of motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  driving records) and that the system is functioning properly.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) Transition period. – Any agreement entered into under this
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  subsection shall include a provision for a transition period
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  sufficient to allow the States to make the budgetary and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  legislative changes the States may need to pay fees charged by
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the organization representing their interests for their use of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the National Driver Register’s computer timeshare and user
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  assistance functions. During this transition period, the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary shall continue to fund these transferred functions.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (4) Fees. – The total of the fees charged by the organization
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  representing the interests of the States in any fiscal year for
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the use of the National Driver Register’s computer timeshare and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  user assistance functions shall not exceed the total cost to the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  organization of performing these functions in such fiscal year.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (5) Limitation on statutory construction. – Nothing in this
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  subsection may be construed to diminish, limit, or otherwise
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  affect the authority of the Secretary to carry out this chapter.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 973; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  105-178, title II, Sec. 2006(a), June 9, 1998, 112 Stat. 335.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30302‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  23:401 (note).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Oct. 25, 1982, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  97-364, Sec. 203, 96 Stat.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1741.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a), before clause (1), the words “after the date
‚ ‚ ‚  of enactment of this title [Oct. 25, 1982]” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  obsolete.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c)(1), the words “The Secretary shall provide by
‚ ‚ ‚  regulation” are substituted for “The Secretary shall, within
‚ ‚ ‚  eighteen months after the date of enactment of this title [Oct. 25,
‚ ‚ ‚  1982], promulgate a final rule which provides” to eliminate
‚ ‚ ‚  executed language, for consistency in the revised title, and
‚ ‚ ‚  because “rule” and “regulation” are synonymous.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  The text of section 203(e) of the National Driver Register Act of
‚ ‚ ‚  1982 (Public Law 97-364, 96 Stat. 1742) is omitted as unnecessary
‚ ‚ ‚  because of 49:322(a).

-REFTEXT-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  REFERENCES IN TEXT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Act of July 14, 1960, referred to in subsec. (c)(1), (2)(A), is
‚ ‚ ‚  set out below.
-MISC2-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  AMENDMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1998 – Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 105-178 added subsec. (e).

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  REGISTER OF REVOCATIONS OF MOTOR VEHICLE OPERATOR’S LICENSES‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 86-660, July 14, 1960, 74 Stat. 526, as amended by Pub.
‚ ‚ ‚  L. 87-359, Oct. 4, 1961, 75 Stat. 779; Pub. L. 89-563, title IV,
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 401, Sept. 9, 1966, 80 Stat. 730, provided: “That the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary of Commerce shall establish and maintain a register
‚ ‚ ‚  identifying each individual reported to him by a State, or
‚ ‚ ‚  political subdivision thereof, as an individual with respect to
‚ ‚ ‚  whom such State or political subdivision has denied, terminated, or
‚ ‚ ‚  temporarily withdrawn (except a withdrawal for less than six months
‚ ‚ ‚  based on a series of nonmoving violations) an individual’s license
‚ ‚ ‚  or privilege to operate a motor vehicle.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “Sec. 2. Only at the request of a State, a political subdivision
‚ ‚ ‚  thereof, or a Federal department or agency, shall the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  furnish information contained in the register established under the
‚ ‚ ‚  first section of this Act, and such information shall be furnished
‚ ‚ ‚  only to the requesting party and only with respect to an individual
‚ ‚ ‚  applicant for a motor vehicle operator’s license or permit.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “Sec. 3. As used in this Act, the term ‘State’ includes each of
‚ ‚ ‚  the several States, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the District
‚ ‚ ‚  of Columbia, Guam, the Virgin Islands, the Canal Zone, and American
‚ ‚ ‚  Samoa.”

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30303‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 303 – NATIONAL DRIVER REGISTER

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30303. State participation

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Notification. – A State may become a participating State
‚ ‚ ‚  under this chapter by notifying the Secretary of Transportation of
‚ ‚ ‚  its intention to be bound by section 30304 of this title.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Withdrawal. – A participating State may end its status as a
‚ ‚ ‚  participating State by notifying the Secretary of its withdrawal
‚ ‚ ‚  from participation in the National Driver Register.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Form and Way of Notification. – Notification by a State under
‚ ‚ ‚  this section shall be made in the form and way the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  prescribes by regulation.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 974.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30303‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  23:401 (note).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Oct. 25, 1982, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  97-364, Sec. 204, 96 Stat.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1742.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c), the words “in the form and way” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “in such form, and according to such procedures” to
‚ ‚ ‚  eliminate unnecessary words.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30304‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 303 – NATIONAL DRIVER REGISTER

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30304. Reports by chief driver licensing officials

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Individuals Covered. – As soon as practicable, the chief
‚ ‚ ‚  driver licensing official of each participating State shall submit
‚ ‚ ‚  to the Secretary of Transportation a report containing the
‚ ‚ ‚  information specified by subsection (b) of this section for each
‚ ‚ ‚  individual –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) who is denied a motor vehicle operator’s license by that
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  State for cause;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) whose motor vehicle operator’s license is revoked,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  suspended, or canceled by that State for cause; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) who is convicted under the laws of that State of any of the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  following motor vehicle-related offenses or comparable offenses:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) operating a motor vehicle while under the influence of,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  or impaired by, alcohol or a controlled substance.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) a traffic violation arising in connection with a fatal
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  traffic accident, reckless driving, or racing on the highways.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (C) failing to give aid or provide identification when
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  involved in an accident resulting in death or personal injury.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (D) perjury or knowingly making a false affidavit or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  statement to officials about activities governed by a law or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  regulation on the operation of a motor vehicle.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Contents. – (1) Except as provided in paragraph (2) of this
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection, a report under subsection (a) of this section shall
‚ ‚ ‚  contain –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) the individual’s legal name, date of birth, sex, and, at
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary’s discretion, height, weight, and eye and hair
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  color;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) the name of the State providing the information; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (C) the social security account number if used by the State for
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  driver record or motor vehicle license purposes, and the motor
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle operator’s license number if different from the social
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  security account number.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) A report under subsection (a) of this section about an event
‚ ‚ ‚  that occurs during the 2-year period before the State becomes a
‚ ‚ ‚  participating State is sufficient if the report contains all of the
‚ ‚ ‚  information that is available to the chief driver licensing
‚ ‚ ‚  official when the State becomes a participating State.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Time for Filing. – If a report under subsection (a) of this
‚ ‚ ‚  section is about an event that occurs –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) during the 2-year period before the State becomes a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  participating State, the report shall be submitted not later than
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  6 months after the State becomes a participating State; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) after the State becomes a participating State, the report
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  shall be submitted not later than 31 days after the motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  department of the State receives any information specified in
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  subsection (b)(1) of this section that is the subject of the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  report.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d) Events Occurring Before Participation. – This section does
‚ ‚ ‚  not require a State to report information about an event that
‚ ‚ ‚  occurs before the 2-year period before the State becomes a
‚ ‚ ‚  participating State.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (e) Driver Record Inquiry. – Before issuing a motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚  operator’s license to an individual or renewing such a license, a
‚ ‚ ‚  State shall request from the Secretary information from the
‚ ‚ ‚  National Driver Register under section 30302 and the commercial
‚ ‚ ‚  driver’s license information system under section 31309 on the
‚ ‚ ‚  individual’s driving record.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 975; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  106-159, title II, Sec. 204, Dec. 9, 1999, 113 Stat. 1762.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30304‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  23:401 (note).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Oct. 25, 1982, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  97-364, Sec. 205, 96 Stat.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1742.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a), before clause (1), the words “after the date
‚ ‚ ‚  of enactment of this title [Oct. 25, 1982]” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  obsolete.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(1)(A), the words “(including day, month, and
‚ ‚ ‚  year)” are omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(2), the words “A report under subsection (a) of
‚ ‚ ‚  this section” are substituted for “any report concerning an
‚ ‚ ‚  occurrence specified in subsection (a)(1), (2), or (3) of this
‚ ‚ ‚  section” to eliminate unnecessary words.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c), before clause (1), the words “required to be
‚ ‚ ‚  transmitted by a chief driver licensing official of a State” are
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted as surplus. In clause (1), the words “specified in
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection (a)(1), (2), or (3) of this section” are omitted as
‚ ‚ ‚  surplus. In clause (2), the words “the motor vehicle department of
‚ ‚ ‚  the State receives any information specified in subsection (b)(1)
‚ ‚ ‚  of this section that is the subject of the report” are substituted
‚ ‚ ‚  for “receipt by a State motor vehicle department of any information
‚ ‚ ‚  specified in subsection (b)(1), (2), or (3) of this section which
‚ ‚ ‚  is the subject of such report” because of the restatement.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  AMENDMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1999 – Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 106-159 added subsec. (e).

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30305‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 303 – NATIONAL DRIVER REGISTER

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30305. Access to Register information

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Referrals of Information Requests. – (1) To carry out duties
‚ ‚ ‚  related to driver licensing, driver improvement, or transportation
‚ ‚ ‚  safety, the chief driver licensing official of a participating
‚ ‚ ‚  State may request the Secretary of Transportation to refer,
‚ ‚ ‚  electronically or by United States mail, a request for information
‚ ‚ ‚  about the motor vehicle driving record of an individual to the
‚ ‚ ‚  chief driver licensing official of a State of record.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) The Secretary of Transportation shall relay, electronically
‚ ‚ ‚  or by United States mail, information received from the chief
‚ ‚ ‚  driver licensing official of a State of record in response to a
‚ ‚ ‚  request under paragraph (1) of this subsection to the chief driver
‚ ‚ ‚  licensing official of the participating State requesting the
‚ ‚ ‚  information. However, the Secretary may refuse to relay information
‚ ‚ ‚  to the chief driver licensing official of a participating State
‚ ‚ ‚  that does not comply with section 30304 of this title.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Requests To Obtain Information. – (1) The Chairman of the
‚ ‚ ‚  National Transportation Safety Board and the Administrator of the
‚ ‚ ‚  Federal Highway Administration may request the chief driver
‚ ‚ ‚  licensing official of a State to obtain information under
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection (a) of this section about an individual who is the
‚ ‚ ‚  subject of an accident investigation conducted by the Board or the
‚ ‚ ‚  Administrator. The Chairman and the Administrator may receive the
‚ ‚ ‚  information.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) An individual who is employed, or is seeking employment, as a
‚ ‚ ‚  driver of a motor vehicle may request the chief driver licensing
‚ ‚ ‚  official of the State in which the individual is employed or seeks
‚ ‚ ‚  employment to provide information about the individual under
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection (a) of this section to the individual’s employer or
‚ ‚ ‚  prospective employer. An employer or prospective employer may
‚ ‚ ‚  receive the information and shall make the information available to
‚ ‚ ‚  the individual. Information may not be obtained from the National
‚ ‚ ‚  Driver Register under this paragraph if the information was entered
‚ ‚ ‚  in the Register more than 3 years before the request, unless the
‚ ‚ ‚  information is about a revocation or suspension still in effect on
‚ ‚ ‚  the date of the request.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) An individual who has received, or is applying for, an
‚ ‚ ‚  airman’s certificate may request the chief driver licensing
‚ ‚ ‚  official of a State to provide information about the individual
‚ ‚ ‚  under subsection (a) of this section to the Administrator of the
‚ ‚ ‚  Federal Aviation Administration. The Administrator may receive the
‚ ‚ ‚  information and shall make the information available to the
‚ ‚ ‚  individual for review and written comment. The Administrator may
‚ ‚ ‚  use the information to verify information required to be reported
‚ ‚ ‚  to the Administrator by an airman applying for an airman medical
‚ ‚ ‚  certificate and to evaluate whether the airman meets the minimum
‚ ‚ ‚  standards prescribed by the Administrator to be issued an airman
‚ ‚ ‚  medical certificate. The Administrator may not otherwise divulge or
‚ ‚ ‚  use the information. Information may not be obtained from the
‚ ‚ ‚  Register under this paragraph if the information was entered in the
‚ ‚ ‚  Register more than 3 years before the request, unless the
‚ ‚ ‚  information is about a revocation or suspension still in effect on
‚ ‚ ‚  the date of the request.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (4) An individual who is employed, or is seeking employment, by a
‚ ‚ ‚  rail carrier as an operator of a locomotive may request the chief
‚ ‚ ‚  driver licensing official of a State to provide information about
‚ ‚ ‚  the individual under subsection (a) of this section to the
‚ ‚ ‚  individual’s employer or prospective employer or to the Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  of Transportation. Information may not be obtained from the
‚ ‚ ‚  Register under this paragraph if the information was entered in the
‚ ‚ ‚  Register more than 3 years before the request, unless the
‚ ‚ ‚  information is about a revocation or suspension still in effect on
‚ ‚ ‚  the date of the request.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (5) An individual who holds, or is applying for, a license or
‚ ‚ ‚  certificate of registry under section 7101 of title 46, or a
‚ ‚ ‚  merchant mariner’s document under section 7302 of title 46, may
‚ ‚ ‚  request the chief driver licensing official of a State to provide
‚ ‚ ‚  information about the individual under subsection (a) of this
‚ ‚ ‚  section to the Secretary of the department in which the Coast Guard
‚ ‚ ‚  is operating. The Secretary may receive the information and shall
‚ ‚ ‚  make the information available to the individual for review and
‚ ‚ ‚  written comment before denying, suspending, or revoking the
‚ ‚ ‚  license, certificate, or document of the individual based on the
‚ ‚ ‚  information and before using the information in an action taken
‚ ‚ ‚  under chapter 77 of title 46. The Secretary may not otherwise
‚ ‚ ‚  divulge or use the information, except for purposes of section
‚ ‚ ‚  7101, 7302, or 7703 of title 46. Information may not be obtained
‚ ‚ ‚  from the Register under this paragraph if the information was
‚ ‚ ‚  entered in the Register more than 3 years before the request,
‚ ‚ ‚  unless the information is about a revocation or suspension still in
‚ ‚ ‚  effect on the date of the request.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (6) The head of a Federal department or agency that issues motor
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle operator’s licenses may request the chief driver licensing
‚ ‚ ‚  official of a State to obtain information under subsection (a) of
‚ ‚ ‚  this section about an individual applicant for a motor vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚  operator’s license from such department or agency. The department
‚ ‚ ‚  or agency may receive the information, provided it transmits to the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary a report regarding any individual who is denied a motor
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicle operator’s license by that department or agency for cause;
‚ ‚ ‚  whose motor vehicle operator’s license is revoked, suspended, or
‚ ‚ ‚  canceled by that department or agency for cause; or about whom the
‚ ‚ ‚  department or agency has been notified of a conviction of any of
‚ ‚ ‚  the motor vehicle-related offenses or comparable offenses listed in
‚ ‚ ‚  section 30304(a)(3) and over whom the department or agency has
‚ ‚ ‚  licensing authority. The report shall contain the information
‚ ‚ ‚  specified in section 30304(b).
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (7) An individual who is an officer, chief warrant officer, or
‚ ‚ ‚  enlisted member of the Coast Guard or Coast Guard Reserve
‚ ‚ ‚  (including a cadet or an applicant for appointment or enlistment of
‚ ‚ ‚  any of the foregoing and any member of a uniformed service who is
‚ ‚ ‚  assigned to the Coast Guard) may request the chief driver licensing
‚ ‚ ‚  official of a State to provide information about the individual
‚ ‚ ‚  under subsection (a) of this section to the Commandant of the Coast
‚ ‚ ‚  Guard. The Commandant may receive the information and shall make
‚ ‚ ‚  the information available to the individual. Information may not be
‚ ‚ ‚  obtained from the Register under this paragraph if the information
‚ ‚ ‚  was entered in the Register more than 3 years before the request,
‚ ‚ ‚  unless the information is about a revocation or suspension still in
‚ ‚ ‚  effect on the date of the request.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (8) An individual who is seeking employment by an air carrier as
‚ ‚ ‚  a pilot may request the chief driver licensing official of a State
‚ ‚ ‚  to provide information about the individual under subsection (a) of
‚ ‚ ‚  this section to the prospective employer of the individual or to
‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary of Transportation. Information may not be obtained
‚ ‚ ‚  from the National Driver Register under this subsection if the
‚ ‚ ‚  information was entered in the Register more than 5 years before
‚ ‚ ‚  the request unless the information is about a revocation or
‚ ‚ ‚  suspension still in effect on the date of the request.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (9) An individual who has or is seeking access to national
‚ ‚ ‚  security information for purposes of Executive Order No. 12968, or
‚ ‚ ‚  any successor Executive order, or an individual who is being
‚ ‚ ‚  investigated for Federal employment under authority of Executive
‚ ‚ ‚  Order No. 10450, or any successor Executive order, may request the
‚ ‚ ‚  chief driver licensing official of a State to provide information
‚ ‚ ‚  about the individual pursuant to subsection (a) of this section to
‚ ‚ ‚  a Federal department or agency that is authorized to investigate
‚ ‚ ‚  the individual for the purpose of assisting in the determination of
‚ ‚ ‚  the eligibility of the individual for access to national security
‚ ‚ ‚  information or for Federal employment in a position requiring
‚ ‚ ‚  access to national security information. A Federal department or
‚ ‚ ‚  agency that receives information about an individual under the
‚ ‚ ‚  preceding sentence may use such information only for purposes of
‚ ‚ ‚  the authorized investigation and only in accordance with applicable
‚ ‚ ‚  law.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (10) A request under this subsection shall be made in the form
‚ ‚ ‚  and way the Secretary of Transportation prescribes by regulation.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (11) An individual may request the chief driver licensing
‚ ‚ ‚  official of a State to obtain information about the individual
‚ ‚ ‚  under subsection (a) of this section –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) to learn whether information about the individual is being
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  provided;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) to verify the accuracy of the information; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (C) to obtain a certified copy of the information.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (12) The head of a Federal department or agency authorized to
‚ ‚ ‚  receive information regarding an individual from the Register under
‚ ‚ ‚  this section may request and receive such information from the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Relationship to Other Laws. – A request for, or receipt of,
‚ ‚ ‚  information from the Register is subject to sections 552 and 552a
‚ ‚ ‚  of title 5, and other applicable laws of the United States or a
‚ ‚ ‚  State, except that –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) the Secretary of Transportation may not relay or otherwise
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  provide information specified in section 30304(b)(1)(A) or (C) of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  this title to a person not authorized by this section to receive
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the information;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) a request for, or receipt of, information by a chief driver
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  licensing official, or by a person authorized by subsection (b)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of this section to request and receive the information, is deemed
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  to be a routine use under section 552a(b) of title 5; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) receipt of information by a person authorized by this
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  section to receive the information is deemed to be a disclosure
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  under section 552a(c) of title 5, except that the Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation is not required to retain the accounting made
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  under section 552a(c)(1) for more than 7 years after the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  disclosure.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d) Availability of Information Provided Under Prior Law. –
‚ ‚ ‚  Information provided by a State under the Act of July 14, 1960
‚ ‚ ‚  (Public Law 86-660, 74 Stat. 526), as restated by section 401 of
‚ ‚ ‚  the National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1966 (Public
‚ ‚ ‚  Law 89-563, 80 Stat. 730), and under this chapter, shall be
‚ ‚ ‚  available under this section during the transition from the
‚ ‚ ‚  register maintained under that Act to the Register maintained under
‚ ‚ ‚  this chapter.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 976; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  104-264, title V, Sec. 502(b), Oct. 9, 1996, 110 Stat. 3262; Pub.
‚ ‚ ‚  L. 104-324, title II, Sec. 207(b), Oct. 19, 1996, 110 Stat. 3908;
‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 105-102, Sec. 2(18), Nov. 20, 1997, 111 Stat. 2205; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  105-178, title II, Sec. 2006(b), June 9, 1998, 112 Stat. 335; Pub.
‚ ‚ ‚  L. 108-375, div. A, title X, Sec. 1061, Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat.
‚ ‚ ‚  2056.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  PUB. L. 103-272‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30305‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  23:401 (note).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Oct. 25, 1982, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  97-364, Sec. 206, 96 Stat.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1743; Dec. 30, 1987, Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  100-223, Sec. 305, 101 Stat.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1525; June 22, 1988, Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  100-342, Sec. 4(b), 102‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 626; Aug. 18, 1990,‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 101-380, Sec.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  4105(a), 104 Stat. 512.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a)(1), the words “on and after the date of
‚ ‚ ‚  enactment of this title [Oct. 25, 1982]” are omitted as obsolete.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(1), the word “Administrator” is substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “Bureau of Motor Carrier Safety” for consistency.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsection (d) is substituted for the last 2 sentences (added
‚ ‚ ‚  twice by mistake) in paragraphs (1) and (2) and for the last
‚ ‚ ‚  sentence in paragraphs (3), (4), and (7)(C) of section 206(b) of
‚ ‚ ‚  the National Driver Register Act of 1982 (Public Law 97-364, 96
‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 1744) for clarity and to avoid repeating the provision
‚ ‚ ‚  unnecessarily.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  PUB. L. 105-102, SEC. 2(18)(A)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  This amends 49:30305(b)(8), as redesignated by section 207(b) of
‚ ‚ ‚  the Coast Guard Authorization Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-324, 110
‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 3908), to correct an erroneous cross-reference.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  PUB. L. 105-102, SEC. 2(18)(B)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  This amends 49:30305(b) to redesignate paragraph (8), as
‚ ‚ ‚  redesignated by section 502(b)(1) of the Federal Aviation
‚ ‚ ‚  Reauthorization Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-264, 110 Stat. 3262),
‚ ‚ ‚  as paragraph (9), because section 207(b) of the Coast Guard
‚ ‚ ‚  Authorization Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-324, 110 Stat. 3908),
‚ ‚ ‚  redesignated paragraph (7) as paragraph (8) but did not redesignate
‚ ‚ ‚  paragraph (8) as paragraph (9).

-REFTEXT-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  REFERENCES IN TEXT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Executive Order No. 12968, referred to in subsec. (b)(9), is set
‚ ‚ ‚  out as a note under section 435 of Title 50, War and National
‚ ‚ ‚  Defense.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Executive Order No. 10450, referred to in subsec. (b)(9), is set
‚ ‚ ‚  out as a note under section 7311 of Title 5, Government
‚ ‚ ‚  Organization and Employees.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Act of July 14, 1960, referred to in subsec. (d), is set out as a
‚ ‚ ‚  note under section 30302 of this title.
-MISC2-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  AMENDMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  2004 – Subsec. (b)(9) to (12). Pub. L. 108-375 added par. (9) and
‚ ‚ ‚  redesignated former pars. (9) to (11) as (10) to (12),
‚ ‚ ‚  respectively.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1998 – Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 105-178, Sec. 2006(b)(1)(A),
‚ ‚ ‚  inserted before period at end “, unless the information is about a
‚ ‚ ‚  revocation or suspension still in effect on the date of the
‚ ‚ ‚  request”.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsec. (b)(6). Pub. L. 105-178, Sec. 2006(b)(2)(B), added par.
‚ ‚ ‚  (6). Former par. (6) redesignated (10).
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsec. (b)(8). Pub. L. 105-178, Sec. 2006(b)(1)(C), directed
‚ ‚ ‚  amendment identical to that made by Pub. L. 105-102, Sec. 2(18)(B).
‚ ‚ ‚  See 1997 Amendment note below.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 105-178, Sec. 2006(b)(1)(B)(ii), realigned margins.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 105-178, Sec. 2006(b)(1)(B)(i), directed amendment
‚ ‚ ‚  identical to that made by Pub. L. 105-102, Sec. 2(18)(A). See 1997
‚ ‚ ‚  Amendment note below.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsec. (b)(9). Pub. L. 105-178, Sec. 2006(b)(1)(C), directed
‚ ‚ ‚  amendment identical to that made by Pub. L. 105-102, Sec. 2(18)(B).
‚ ‚ ‚  See 1997 Amendment note below.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsec. (b)(10). Pub. L. 105-178, Sec. 2006(b)(2)(A),
‚ ‚ ‚  redesignated par. (6) as (10) and transferred it to appear after
‚ ‚ ‚  par. (9).
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsec. (b)(11). Pub. L. 105-178, Sec. 2006(b)(2)(C), added par.
‚ ‚ ‚  (11).
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1997 – Subsec. (b)(8). Pub. L. 105-102, Sec. 2(18)(B),
‚ ‚ ‚  redesignated par. (8), relating to request, as (9).
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 105-102, Sec. 2(18)(A), in par. (8), relating to
‚ ‚ ‚  individual seeking employment as pilot, substituted “subsection (a)
‚ ‚ ‚  of this section” for “paragraph (2)”.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsec. (b)(9). Pub. L. 105-102, Sec. 2(18)(B), redesignated par.
‚ ‚ ‚  (8), relating to request, as (9).
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1996 – Subsec. (b)(7). Pub. L. 104-324, Sec. 207(b), added par.
‚ ‚ ‚  (7). Former par. (7), relating to individual seeking employment as
‚ ‚ ‚  pilot, redesignated (8).
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 104-264, Sec. 502(b), added par. (7). Former par. (7),
‚ ‚ ‚  relating to request, redesignated (8).
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsec. (b)(8). Pub. L. 104-324, Sec. 207(b), redesignated par.
‚ ‚ ‚  (7), relating to individual seeking employment as pilot, as (8).
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 104-264, Sec. 502(b), redesignated par. (7), relating to
‚ ‚ ‚  request, as (8).

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1996 AMENDMENT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Except as otherwise specifically provided, amendment by Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  104-264 applicable only to fiscal years beginning after Sept. 30,
‚ ‚ ‚  1996, and not to be construed as affecting funds made available for
‚ ‚ ‚  a fiscal year ending before Oct. 1, 1996, see section 3 of Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  104-264, set out as a note under section 106 of this title.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section 502(d) of Pub. L. 104-264 provided that: “The amendments
‚ ‚ ‚  made by this section [amending this section and sections 44936 and
‚ ‚ ‚  46301 of this title] shall apply to any air carrier hiring an
‚ ‚ ‚  individual as a pilot whose application was first received by the
‚ ‚ ‚  carrier on or after the 120th day following the date of the
‚ ‚ ‚  enactment of this Act [Oct. 9, 1996].”
-TRANS-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  For transfer of authorities, functions, personnel, and assets of
‚ ‚ ‚  the Coast Guard, including the authorities and functions of the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary of Transportation relating thereto, to the Department of
‚ ‚ ‚  Homeland Security, and for treatment of related references, see
‚ ‚ ‚  sections 468(b), 551(d), 552(d), and 557 of Title 6, Domestic
‚ ‚ ‚  Security, and the Department of Homeland Security Reorganization
‚ ‚ ‚  Plan of November 25, 2002, as modified, set out as a note under
‚ ‚ ‚  section 542 of Title 6.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30306‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 303 – NATIONAL DRIVER REGISTER

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30306. National Driver Register Advisory Committee

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Organization. – There is a National Driver Register Advisory
‚ ‚ ‚  Committee.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Duties. – The Committee shall advise the Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation on –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) the efficiency of the maintenance and operation of the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  National Driver Register; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) the effectiveness of the Register in assisting States in
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  exchanging information about motor vehicle driving records.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Composition and Appointment. – The Committee is composed of
‚ ‚ ‚  15 members appointed by the Secretary as follows:
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) 3 members appointed from among individuals who are
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  specially qualified to serve on the Committee because of their
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  education, training, or experience, and who are not officers or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  employees of the United States Government or a State.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) 3 members appointed from among groups outside the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Government that represent the interests of bus and trucking
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  organizations, enforcement officials, labor, or safety
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  organizations.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) 9 members, geographically representative of the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  participating States, appointed from among individuals who are
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  chief driver licensing officials of participating States.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d) Terms. – (1) Except as provided in paragraph (2) of this
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection, the term of each member is 3 years.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) A vacancy on the Committee shall be filled in the same way as
‚ ‚ ‚  an original appointment. A member appointed to fill a vacancy
‚ ‚ ‚  serves for the remainder of the term of that member’s predecessor.
‚ ‚ ‚  After a member’s term ends, the member may continue to serve until
‚ ‚ ‚  a successor takes office.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (e) Pay and Expenses. – Members of the Committee serve without
‚ ‚ ‚  pay. However, the Secretary may reimburse a member for reasonable
‚ ‚ ‚  travel expenses incurred by the member in attending meetings of the
‚ ‚ ‚  Committee.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (f) Meetings, Chairman, Vice Chairman, and Quorum. – (1) The
‚ ‚ ‚  Committee shall meet at least once a year.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) The Committee shall elect a Chairman and a Vice Chairman from
‚ ‚ ‚  among its members.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) Eight members are a quorum.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (4) The Committee shall meet at the call of the Chairman or a
‚ ‚ ‚  majority of the members.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (g) Personnel and Services. – The Secretary may provide the
‚ ‚ ‚  Committee with personnel, penalty mail privileges, and similar
‚ ‚ ‚  services the Secretary considers necessary to assist the Committee
‚ ‚ ‚  in carrying out its duties and powers under this section.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (h) Reports. – At least once a year, the Committee shall submit
‚ ‚ ‚  to the Secretary a report on the matters specified in subsection
‚ ‚ ‚  (b) of this section. The report shall include any recommendations
‚ ‚ ‚  of the Committee for changes in the Register.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (i) Relationship to Other Laws. – The Committee is exempt from
‚ ‚ ‚  sections 10(e) and (f) and 14 of the Federal Advisory Committee Act
‚ ‚ ‚  (5 App. U.S.C.).

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 978.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30306‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  23:401 (note).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Oct. 25, 1982, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  97-364, Sec. 209, 96 Stat.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1746.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a), the word “hereby” is omitted as surplus.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c), the text of section 209(c)(2) of the National
‚ ‚ ‚  Driver Register Act of 1982 (Public Law 97-364, 96 Stat. 1746) is
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted as executed.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (g), the words “The Secretary may provide the
‚ ‚ ‚  Committee” are substituted for “The Advisory Committee may receive
‚ ‚ ‚  from the Secretary” for clarity.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (h), the cross-reference is used to avoid repeating
‚ ‚ ‚  the same language twice in this section.

-REFTEXT-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  REFERENCES IN TEXT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Sections 10 and 14 of the Federal Advisory Committee Act,
‚ ‚ ‚  referred to in subsec. (i), are sections 10 and 14 of Pub. L. 92-
‚ ‚ ‚  463, which are set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government
‚ ‚ ‚  Organization and Employees.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30307‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 303 – NATIONAL DRIVER REGISTER

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30307. Criminal penalties

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) General Penalty. – A person (except an individual described
‚ ‚ ‚  in section 30305(b)(6) (!1) of this title) shall be fined under
‚ ‚ ‚  title 18, imprisoned for not more than one year, or both, if –

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) the person receives under section 30305 of this title
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  information specified in section 30304(b)(1)(A) or (C) of this
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  title;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) disclosure of the information is not authorized by section
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  30305 of this title; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) the person willfully discloses the information knowing that
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  disclosure is not authorized.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Information Penalty. – A person knowingly and willfully
‚ ‚ ‚  requesting, or under false pretenses obtaining, information
‚ ‚ ‚  specified in section 30304(b)(1)(A) or (C) of this title from a
‚ ‚ ‚  person receiving the information under section 30305 of this title
‚ ‚ ‚  shall be fined under title 18, imprisoned for not more than one
‚ ‚ ‚  year, or both.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 979.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30307‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  23:401 (note).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Oct. 25, 1982, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  97-364, Sec. 208, 96 Stat.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1746; Dec. 30, 1987, Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  100-223, Sec. 305(b)(1), 101
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 1526.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In this section, the words “fined under title 18” are substituted
‚ ‚ ‚  for “fined not more than $10,000” for consistency with title 18.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a), before clause (1), the reference to “section
‚ ‚ ‚  30305(b)(6) of this title” is used to carry out the probable intent
‚ ‚ ‚  of Congress. Section 305(b)(1) of the Airport and Airway Safety and
‚ ‚ ‚  Capacity Expansion Act of 1987 (Public Law 100-223, 101 Stat. 1526)
‚ ‚ ‚  amended section 206(b) of the National Driver Register Act of 1982
‚ ‚ ‚  (Public Law 97-364, 96 Stat. 1744) by “redesignating paragraphs (3)
‚ ‚ ‚  and (4), and any reference thereto, as paragraphs (4) and (5),
‚ ‚ ‚  respectively”. Because the reference to “section 206(b)(4)” in
‚ ‚ ‚  section 208 of the National Driver Register Act of 1982 appears to
‚ ‚ ‚  have been incorrect before that amendment, and would continue to be
‚ ‚ ‚  incorrect if the reference is redesignated as required by the
‚ ‚ ‚  amendment, a reference to section 30305(b)(6) is used in this
‚ ‚ ‚  section to carry out the probable intent of Congress.

-REFTEXT-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  REFERENCES IN TEXT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section 30305(b) of this title, referred to in subsec. (a), was
‚ ‚ ‚  amended by Pub. L. 105-178, title II, Sec. 2006(b)(2)(A), (B), June
‚ ‚ ‚  9, 1998, 112 Stat. 336, which added a new par. (6) and redesignated
‚ ‚ ‚  former par. (6) as (10).

-FOOTNOTE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (!1) See References in Text note below.
-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30308‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 303 – NATIONAL DRIVER REGISTER

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30308. Authorization of appropriations

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) General. – The Secretary of Transportation shall make
‚ ‚ ‚  available from amounts made available to carry out section 402 of
‚ ‚ ‚  title 23 $4,000,000 for each of the fiscal years ending September
‚ ‚ ‚  30, 1993, and September 30, 1994, $2,550,000 for each of fiscal
‚ ‚ ‚  years 1995, 1996, and 1997, and $1,855,000 for the period of
‚ ‚ ‚  October 1, 1997, through March 31, 1998, to carry out this chapter.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Availability of Amounts. – Amounts authorized under this
‚ ‚ ‚  section remain available until expended.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 979; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  103-331, title III, Sec. 343, Sept. 30, 1994, 108 Stat. 2496; Pub.
‚ ‚ ‚  L. 103-429, Sec. 6(25), Oct. 31, 1994, 108 Stat. 4380; Pub. L. 104-
‚ ‚ ‚  59, title III, Sec. 343, Nov. 28, 1995, 109 Stat. 610; Pub. L. 104-
‚ ‚ ‚  287, Sec. 5(59), Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3394; Pub. L. 105-18,
‚ ‚ ‚  title II, Sec. 8004, June 12, 1997, 111 Stat. 195; Pub. L. 105-130,
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 6(c), Dec. 1, 1997, 111 Stat. 2559.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  PUB. L. 103-272‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30308‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  23:401 (note).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Oct. 25, 1982, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  97-364, Sec. 211, 96 Stat.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1747; Dec. 18, 1991, Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102-240, Sec. 2007, 105‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 2080.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a), the text of section 211(a) of the National
‚ ‚ ‚  Driver Register Act of 1982 (Public Law 97-364, 96 Stat. 1747) is
‚ ‚ ‚  omitted as executed. The words “and the provisions of Public Law 86-
‚ ‚ ‚  660 (74 Stat. 526)” and references to fiscal years 1983-1987 and
‚ ‚ ‚  1992 are omitted as obsolete. The word “section” in the source
‚ ‚ ‚  provision is translated as if it were “title” to reflect the
‚ ‚ ‚  apparent intent of Congress.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  PUB. L. 103-429‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  This amends 49:30308(b) to correct an error in the codification
‚ ‚ ‚  enacted by section 1 of the Act of July 5, 1994 (Public Law 103-
‚ ‚ ‚  272, 108 Stat. 979).

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  PUB. L. 104-287‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  This amends 49:30308 to correct a grammatical error.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  AMENDMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1997 – Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 105-130 substituted “1994,” for
‚ ‚ ‚  “1994, and” and inserted “and $1,855,000 for the period of October
‚ ‚ ‚  1, 1997, through March 31, 1998,” after “1997,”.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 105-18 substituted “, 1996, and 1997” for “and 1996”.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1996 – Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104-287 inserted a comma after
‚ ‚ ‚  “September 30, 1994”.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1995 – Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104-59 substituted “and $2,550,000
‚ ‚ ‚  for each of fiscal years 1995 and 1996” for “and $2,550,000 for
‚ ‚ ‚  fiscal year 1995”.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1994 – Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 103-331 inserted “and $2,550,000 for
‚ ‚ ‚  fiscal year 1995” after “1994”.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 103-429 substituted “authorized” for
‚ ‚ ‚  “appropriated”.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1994 AMENDMENT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Amendment by Pub. L. 103-429 effective July 5, 1994, see section
‚ ‚ ‚  9 of Pub. L. 103-429, set out as a note under section 321 of this
‚ ‚ ‚  title.

-End-
-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC CHAPTER 305 – NATIONAL MOTOR VEHICLE TITLE
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  INFORMATION SYSTEM‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 305 – NATIONAL MOTOR VEHICLE TITLE INFORMATION SYSTEM

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 305 – NATIONAL MOTOR VEHICLE TITLE INFORMATION SYSTEM‚ ‚ 

-MISC1-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30501.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Definitions.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30502.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  National Motor Vehicle Title Information System.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30503.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  State participation.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30504.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Reporting requirements.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30505.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Penalties and enforcement.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  AMENDMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1997 – Pub. L. 105-102, Sec. 3(b), Nov. 20, 1997, 111 Stat. 2215,
‚ ‚ ‚  amended directory language of Pub. L. 104-152. See 1996 Amendment
‚ ‚ ‚  note below.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1996 – Pub. L. 104-152, Sec. 2(c), July 2, 1996, 110 Stat. 1384,
‚ ‚ ‚  as amended by Pub. L. 105-102, Sec. 3(b), Nov. 20, 1997, 111 Stat.
‚ ‚ ‚  2215, substituted “National Motor Vehicle Title Information System”
‚ ‚ ‚  for “National Automobile Title Information System” in chapter
‚ ‚ ‚  heading and in item 30502.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30501‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 305 – NATIONAL MOTOR VEHICLE TITLE INFORMATION SYSTEM

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30501. Definitions

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In this chapter –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) “automobile” has the same meaning given that term in
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  section 32901(a) of this title.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) “certificate of title” means a document issued by a State
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  showing ownership of an automobile.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) “insurance carrier” means an individual or entity engaged
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  in the business of underwriting automobile insurance.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (4) “junk automobile” means an automobile that –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) is incapable of operating on public streets, roads, and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  highways; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) has no value except as a source of parts or scrap.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (5) “junk yard” means an individual or entity engaged in the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  business of acquiring or owning junk automobiles for –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) resale in their entirety or as spare parts; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) rebuilding, restoration, or crushing.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (6) “operator” means the individual or entity authorized or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  designated as the operator of the National Motor Vehicle Title
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Information System under section 30502(b) of this title, or the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Attorney General, if there is no authorized or designated
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  individual or entity.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (7) “salvage automobile” means an automobile that is damaged by
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  collision, fire, flood, accident, trespass, or other event, to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the extent that its fair salvage value plus the cost of repairing
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the automobile for legal operation on public streets, roads, and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  highways would be more than the fair market value of the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  automobile immediately before the event that caused the damage.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (8) “salvage yard” means an individual or entity engaged in the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  business of acquiring or owning salvage automobiles for –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) resale in their entirety or as spare parts; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) rebuilding, restoration, or crushing.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (9) “State” means a State of the United States or the District
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  of Columbia.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 979; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  104-152, Secs. 2(c), 3(a), July 2, 1996, 110 Stat. 1384; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  105-102, Sec. 3(b), Nov. 20, 1997, 111 Stat. 2215.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30501‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:2041.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Oct. 25, 1992, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102-519, Sec. 201, 106 Stat.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  3389.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a)(2), the word “showing” is substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “evidencing” to use a more commonly understood term.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a)(3), (5), and (8), the words “individual or
‚ ‚ ‚  entity” are substituted for “individual, corporation, or other
‚ ‚ ‚  entity” for clarity and consistency in the revised title and with
‚ ‚ ‚  other titles of the United States Code.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a)(4) and (7), the words “public streets, roads,
‚ ‚ ‚  and highways” are substituted for “roads or highways” for clarity
‚ ‚ ‚  and consistency in the revised title.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a)(6), the words “National Automobile Title
‚ ‚ ‚  Information System” are substituted for “information system” for
‚ ‚ ‚  clarity. The words “no authorized or designated individual or
‚ ‚ ‚  entity” are substituted for “no such individual or entity is
‚ ‚ ‚  authorized” for clarity
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a)(7), the word “event” is substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “occurrence” for clarity and consistency.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  The text of 15:2041(9) is omitted because the complete title of
‚ ‚ ‚  the Secretary of Transportation is used the first time the term
‚ ‚ ‚  appears in a section.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  AMENDMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1997 – Par. (6). Pub. L. 105-102 amended directory language of
‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 104-152, Sec. 2(c). See 1996 Amendment note below.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1996 – Par. (6). Pub. L. 104-152, Sec. 3(a), substituted
‚ ‚ ‚  “Attorney General” for “Secretary of Transportation”.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 104-152, Sec. 2(c), as amended by Pub. L. 105-102, Sec.
‚ ‚ ‚  3(b), substituted “National Motor Vehicle Title Information System”
‚ ‚ ‚  for “National Automobile Title Information System”.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1997 AMENDMENT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 105-102, Sec. 3(b), Nov. 20, 1997, 111 Stat. 2215,
‚ ‚ ‚  provided that the amendment made by section 3(b) is effective July
‚ ‚ ‚  2, 1996.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Amendment by Pub. L. 105-102 effective as if included in the
‚ ‚ ‚  provisions of the Act to which the amendment relates, see section
‚ ‚ ‚  3(f) of Pub. L. 105-102, set out as a note under section 106 of
‚ ‚ ‚  this title.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30502‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 305 – NATIONAL MOTOR VEHICLE TITLE INFORMATION SYSTEM

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30502. National Motor Vehicle Title Information System

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Establishment or Designation. – (1) In cooperation with the
‚ ‚ ‚  States and not later than December 31, 1997, the Attorney General
‚ ‚ ‚  shall establish a National Motor Vehicle Title Information System
‚ ‚ ‚  that will provide individuals and entities referred to in
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection (e) of this section with instant and reliable access to
‚ ‚ ‚  information maintained by the States related to automobile titling
‚ ‚ ‚  described in subsection (d) of this section. However, if the
‚ ‚ ‚  Attorney General decides that the existing information system meets
‚ ‚ ‚  the requirements of subsections (d) and (e) of this section and
‚ ‚ ‚  will permit the Attorney General to carry out this chapter as early
‚ ‚ ‚  as possible, the Attorney General, in consultation with the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary of Transportation, may designate an existing information
‚ ‚ ‚  system as the National Motor Vehicle Title Information System.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) In cooperation with the Secretary of Transportation and the
‚ ‚ ‚  States, the Attorney General shall ascertain the extent to which
‚ ‚ ‚  title and related information to be included in the system
‚ ‚ ‚  established under paragraph (1) of this subsection will be
‚ ‚ ‚  adequate, timely, reliable, uniform, and capable of assisting in
‚ ‚ ‚  efforts to prevent the introduction or reintroduction of stolen
‚ ‚ ‚  vehicles and parts into interstate commerce.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Operation. – The Attorney General may authorize the operation
‚ ‚ ‚  of the System established or designated under subsection (a)(1) of
‚ ‚ ‚  this section by agreement with one or more States, or by
‚ ‚ ‚  designating, after consulting with the States, a third party that
‚ ‚ ‚  represents the interests of the States.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) User Fees. – Operation of the System established or
‚ ‚ ‚  designated under subsection (a)(1) of this section shall be paid
‚ ‚ ‚  for by user fees and should be self-sufficient and not be dependent
‚ ‚ ‚  on amounts from the United States Government. The amount of fees
‚ ‚ ‚  the operator collects and keeps under this subsection subject to
‚ ‚ ‚  annual appropriation laws, excluding fees the operator collects and
‚ ‚ ‚  pays to an entity providing information to the operator, may be not
‚ ‚ ‚  more than the costs of operating the System.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d) Information Requirements. – The System established or
‚ ‚ ‚  designated under subsection (a)(1) of this section shall permit a
‚ ‚ ‚  user of the System at least to establish instantly and reliably –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) the validity and status of a document purporting to be a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  certificate of title;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) whether an automobile bearing a known vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  identification number is titled in a particular State;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) whether an automobile known to be titled in a particular
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  State is or has been a junk automobile or a salvage automobile;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (4) for an automobile known to be titled in a particular State,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the odometer mileage disclosure required under section 32705 of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  this title for that automobile on the date the certificate of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  title for that automobile was issued and any later mileage
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  information, if noted by the State; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (5) whether an automobile bearing a known vehicle
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  identification number has been reported as a junk automobile or a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  salvage automobile under section 30504 of this title.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (e) Availability of Information. – (1) The operator shall make
‚ ‚ ‚  available –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) to a participating State on request of that State,
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  information in the System about any automobile;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) to a Government, State, or local law enforcement official
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  on request of that official, information in the System about a
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  particular automobile, junk yard, or salvage yard;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (C) to a prospective purchaser of an automobile on request of
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  that purchaser, including an auction company or entity engaged in
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  the business of purchasing used automobiles, information in the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  System about that automobile; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (D) to a prospective or current insurer of an automobile on
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  request of that insurer, information in the System about that
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  automobile.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) The operator may release only the information reasonably
‚ ‚ ‚  necessary to satisfy the requirements of paragraph (1) of this
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection. The operator may not collect an individual’s social
‚ ‚ ‚  security account number or permit users of the System to obtain an
‚ ‚ ‚  individual’s address or social security account number.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (f) Immunity. – Any person performing any activity under this
‚ ‚ ‚  section or sections 30503 or 30504 in good faith and with the
‚ ‚ ‚  reasonable belief that such activity was in accordance with this
‚ ‚ ‚  section or section 30503 or 30504, as the case may be, shall be
‚ ‚ ‚  immune from any civil action respecting such activity which is
‚ ‚ ‚  seeking money damages or equitable relief in any court of the
‚ ‚ ‚  United States or a State.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 980; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  104-152, Secs. 2(a), (c), 3, 4, July 2, 1996, 110 Stat. 1384; Pub.
‚ ‚ ‚  L. 105-102, Sec. 3(b), Nov. 20, 1997, 111 Stat. 2215.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30502(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:2042(a)(1).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Oct. 25, 1992, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102-519, Sec. 202, 106 Stat.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  3390.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30502(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:2042(a)(2).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30502(c)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:2042(a)(3).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30502(d)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:2042(b).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30502(e)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:2042(c).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a)(1), the words “January 31, 1996” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “January 1996” for clarity. The words “National
‚ ‚ ‚  Automobile Title Information System” are substituted for “National
‚ ‚ ‚  Motor Vehicle Title Information System” for clarity and consistency
‚ ‚ ‚  because the defined term in the source provisions being restated is
‚ ‚ ‚  “automobile”. The words “individuals and entities referred to in
‚ ‚ ‚  subsection (e) of this section” are substituted for “States and
‚ ‚ ‚  others”, the words “information maintained by the States related to
‚ ‚ ‚  automobile titling described in subsection (d) of this section” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “information maintained by other States pertaining
‚ ‚ ‚  to the titling of automobiles”, and the words “existing information
‚ ‚ ‚  system” are substituted for “such system”, for clarity.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a)(2), the words “In cooperation with” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “working with” for clarity and consistency in the
‚ ‚ ‚  revised title and with other titles of the United States Code.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b), the word “agreement” is substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “contract through an agreement” to eliminate unnecessary words. The
‚ ‚ ‚  word “designating” is substituted for “redesignating” for clarity.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c), the words “user fees” are substituted for “a
‚ ‚ ‚  system of user fees” to eliminate unnecessary words. The words
‚ ‚ ‚  “amounts from the United States Government” are substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “Federal funds” for clarity and consistency in the revised titles
‚ ‚ ‚  and with other titles of the Code. The word “pays” are substituted
‚ ‚ ‚  for “passed on” for clarity. The word “entity” is substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “State or other entity” to eliminate unnecessary words.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (d)(4), the words “the odometer mileage disclosure
‚ ‚ ‚  required” are substituted for “the odometer reading information”,
‚ ‚ ‚  and the words “any later mileage information” are substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “any such later odometer information”, for consistency with section
‚ ‚ ‚  32705 of the revised title.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (e)(2), the words “The operator may release only
‚ ‚ ‚  the information necessary” are substituted for “Notwithstanding any
‚ ‚ ‚  provision of paragraphs (1) through (4), the operator shall release
‚ ‚ ‚  no information other than what is necessary” to eliminate
‚ ‚ ‚  unnecessary words. The words “social security account number” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “social security number” for consistency with
‚ ‚ ‚  42:405.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  AMENDMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1997 – Pub. L. 105-102 amended directory language of Pub. L. 104-
‚ ‚ ‚  152, Sec. 2(c). See 1996 Amendment notes below.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1996 – Pub. L. 104-152, Sec. 2(c), as amended by Pub. L. 105-102,
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted “Motor Vehicle” for “Automobile” in section catchline.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsecs. (a), (b). Pub. L. 104-152, Sec. 3(a), which directed the
‚ ‚ ‚  amendment of this section by striking each reference to “Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  of Transportation” or “Secretary” and inserting “Attorney General”,
‚ ‚ ‚  and Pub. L. 104-152, Sec. 3(b), which directed the striking of each
‚ ‚ ‚  reference to “Attorney General” and inserting “Secretary of
‚ ‚ ‚  Transportation”, were executed simultaneously, to reflect the
‚ ‚ ‚  probable intent of Congress. See below.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 104-152, Sec. 3, substituted “Attorney
‚ ‚ ‚  General shall” for “Secretary of Transportation shall”, “Attorney
‚ ‚ ‚  General decides” for “Secretary decides”, “permit the Attorney
‚ ‚ ‚  General” for “permit the Secretary”, and “Attorney General, in
‚ ‚ ‚  consultation with the Secretary of Transportation” for “Secretary,
‚ ‚ ‚  in consultation with the Attorney General”.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 104-152, Sec. 2(c), as amended by Pub. L. 105-102,
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted “National Motor Vehicle Title Information System” for
‚ ‚ ‚  “National Automobile Title Information System” in two places.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 104-152, Sec. 2(a), substituted “December 31, 1967” for
‚ ‚ ‚  “January 31, 1966”.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 104-152, Sec. 3, substituted “Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  of Transportation” for “Attorney General” and “Attorney General”
‚ ‚ ‚  for “Secretary”.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 104-152, Sec. 3(a), substituted “Attorney
‚ ‚ ‚  General” for “Secretary”.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 104-152, Sec. 4, added subsec. (f).

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1997 AMENDMENT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 105-102, Sec. 3(b), Nov. 20, 1997, 111 Stat. 2215,
‚ ‚ ‚  provided that the amendment made by section 3(b) is effective July
‚ ‚ ‚  2, 1996.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Amendment by Pub. L. 105-102 effective as if included in the
‚ ‚ ‚  provisions of the Act to which the amendment relates, see section
‚ ‚ ‚  3(f) of Pub. L. 105-102, set out as a note under section 106 of
‚ ‚ ‚  this title.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  EFFECTIVENESS OF SYSTEM‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section 6(c) of Pub. L. 104-152 provided that: “The information
‚ ‚ ‚  system established under section 30502 of title 49, United States
‚ ‚ ‚  Code, shall be effective as provided in the rules promulgated by
‚ ‚ ‚  the Attorney General.”

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30503‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 305 – NATIONAL MOTOR VEHICLE TITLE INFORMATION SYSTEM

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30503. State participation

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) State Information. – Each State shall make titling
‚ ‚ ‚  information maintained by that State available for use in operating
‚ ‚ ‚  the National Motor Vehicle Title Information System established or
‚ ‚ ‚  designated under section 30502 of this title.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Verification Checks. – Each State shall establish a practice
‚ ‚ ‚  of performing an instant title verification check before issuing a
‚ ‚ ‚  certificate of title to an individual or entity claiming to have
‚ ‚ ‚  purchased an automobile from an individual or entity in another
‚ ‚ ‚  State. The check shall consist of –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) communicating to the operator –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) the vehicle identification number of the automobile for
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  which the certificate of title is sought;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) the name of the State that issued the most recent
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  certificate of title for the automobile; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (C) the name of the individual or entity to whom the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  certificate of title was issued; and

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) giving the operator an opportunity to communicate to the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  participating State the results of a search of the information.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Grants to States. – (1) In cooperation with the States and
‚ ‚ ‚  not later than January 1, 1994, the Attorney General shall –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) conduct a review of systems used by the States to compile
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  and maintain information about the titling of automobiles; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) determine for each State the cost of making titling
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  information maintained by that State available to the operator to
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  meet the requirements of section 30502(d) of this title.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) The Attorney General may make reasonable and necessary grants
‚ ‚ ‚  to participating States to be used in making titling information
‚ ‚ ‚  maintained by those States available to the operator.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d) Report to Congress. – Not later than October 1, 1998, the
‚ ‚ ‚  Attorney General shall report to Congress on which States have met
‚ ‚ ‚  the requirements of this section. If a State has not met the
‚ ‚ ‚  requirements, the Attorney General shall describe the impediments
‚ ‚ ‚  that have resulted in the State’s failure to meet the requirements.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 981; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  104-152, Secs. 2(b), (c), 3(a), 6(a), July 2, 1996, 110 Stat. 1384,
‚ ‚ ‚  1385; Pub. L. 105-102, Sec. 3(b), Nov. 20, 1997, 111 Stat. 2215.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30503(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:2043(a)(1).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Oct. 25, 1992, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102-519, Sec. 203, 106 Stat.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  3391.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30503(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:2043(a)(2).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30503(c)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:2043(b).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30503(d)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:2043(c).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a), the words “for use in operating . . .
‚ ‚ ‚  established or designated” are substituted for “for use in
‚ ‚ ‚  establishing . . . established” for clarity and for consistency
‚ ‚ ‚  with the source provisions restated in section 30502 of the revised
‚ ‚ ‚  title.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b), before clause (1), the words “The check” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “Such instant title verification check” to
‚ ‚ ‚  eliminate unnecessary words. In subclauses (A) and (B), the words
‚ ‚ ‚  “of the automobile” are substituted for “of the vehicle” for
‚ ‚ ‚  consistency in the revised chapter.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c)(1)(B), the words “section 30502(d) of this
‚ ‚ ‚  title” are substituted for “subsection (b)” to reflect the apparent
‚ ‚ ‚  intent of Congress.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c)(2)(A), before subclause (i), the words “is not
‚ ‚ ‚  more than the lesser of” are substituted for “does not exceed . . .
‚ ‚ ‚  whichever is lower” for clarity. In subclause (i), the words
‚ ‚ ‚  “paragraph (1)(B) of this subsection” are substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “subsection (d)(1)(B)” to reflect the apparent intent of Congress.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (c)(2)(B), the word “fair” is omitted as being
‚ ‚ ‚  included in “reasonable”.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  AMENDMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1997 – Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 105-102 amended directory language of
‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 104-152, Sec. 2(c). See 1996 Amendment note below.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1996 – Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104-152, Sec. 2(c), as amended by
‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 105-102, substituted “National Motor Vehicle Title
‚ ‚ ‚  Information System” for “National Automobile Title Information
‚ ‚ ‚  System”.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 104-152, Sec. 3(a), substituted “Attorney
‚ ‚ ‚  General” for “Secretary of Transportation”.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 104-152, Sec. 6(a), amended par. (2)
‚ ‚ ‚  generally. Prior to amendment, par. (2) read as follows: “The
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary may make grants to participating States to be used in
‚ ‚ ‚  making titling information maintained by those States available to
‚ ‚ ‚  the operator if –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(A) the grant to a State is not more than the lesser of –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(i) 25 percent of the cost of making titling information
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  maintained by that State available to the operator as
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  determined by the Secretary under paragraph (1)(B) of this
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  subsection; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(ii) $300,000; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  “(B) the Secretary decides that the grants are reasonable and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  necessary to establish the System.”
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 104-152, Secs. 2(b), 3(a), substituted
‚ ‚ ‚  “October 1, 1998” for “January 1, 1997” and substituted “Attorney
‚ ‚ ‚  General” for “Secretary” in two places.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1997 AMENDMENT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 105-102, Sec. 3(b), Nov. 20, 1997, 111 Stat. 2215,
‚ ‚ ‚  provided that the amendment made by section 3(b) is effective July
‚ ‚ ‚  2, 1996.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Amendment by Pub. L. 105-102 effective as if included in the
‚ ‚ ‚  provisions of the Act to which the amendment relates, see section
‚ ‚ ‚  3(f) of Pub. L. 105-102, set out as a note under section 106 of
‚ ‚ ‚  this title.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30504‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 305 – NATIONAL MOTOR VEHICLE TITLE INFORMATION SYSTEM

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30504. Reporting requirements

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Junk Yard and Salvage Yard Operators. – (1) Beginning at a
‚ ‚ ‚  time established by the Attorney General that is not sooner than
‚ ‚ ‚  the 3d month before the establishment or designation of the
‚ ‚ ‚  National Motor Vehicle Title Information System under section 30502
‚ ‚ ‚  of this title, an individual or entity engaged in the business of
‚ ‚ ‚  operating a junk yard or salvage yard shall file a monthly report
‚ ‚ ‚  with the operator of the System. The report shall contain an
‚ ‚ ‚  inventory of all junk automobiles or salvage automobiles obtained
‚ ‚ ‚  by the junk yard or salvage yard during the prior month. The
‚ ‚ ‚  inventory shall contain –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) the vehicle identification number of each automobile
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  obtained;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) the date on which the automobile was obtained;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (C) the name of the individual or entity from whom the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  automobile was obtained; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (D) a statement of whether the automobile was crushed or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  disposed of for sale or other purposes.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) Paragraph (1) of this subsection does not apply to an
‚ ‚ ‚  individual or entity –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (A) required by State law to report the acquisition of junk
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  automobiles or salvage automobiles to State or local authorities
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  if those authorities make that information available to the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  operator; or
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (B) issued a verification under section 33110 of this title
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  stating that the automobile or parts from the automobile are not
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  reported as stolen.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Insurance Carriers. – Beginning at a time established by the
‚ ‚ ‚  Attorney General that is not sooner than the 3d month before the
‚ ‚ ‚  establishment or designation of the System, an individual or entity
‚ ‚ ‚  engaged in business as an insurance carrier shall file a monthly
‚ ‚ ‚  report with the operator. The report may be filed directly or
‚ ‚ ‚  through a designated agent. The report shall contain an inventory
‚ ‚ ‚  of all automobiles of the current model year or any of the 4 prior
‚ ‚ ‚  model years that the carrier, during the prior month, has obtained
‚ ‚ ‚  possession of and has decided are junk automobiles or salvage
‚ ‚ ‚  automobiles. The inventory shall contain –
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (1) the vehicle identification number of each automobile
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  obtained;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) the date on which the automobile was obtained;
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (3) the name of the individual or entity from whom the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  automobile was obtained; and
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (4) the name of the owner of the automobile at the time of the
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  filing of the report.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (c) Procedures and Practices. – The Attorney General shall
‚ ‚ ‚  establish by regulation procedures and practices to facilitate
‚ ‚ ‚  reporting in the least burdensome and costly fashion.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 982; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  104-152, Secs. 2(c), 3(a), July 2, 1996, 110 Stat. 1384; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  105-102, Sec. 3(b), Nov. 20, 1997, 111 Stat. 2215.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30504(a)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:2044(a).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Oct. 25, 1992, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102-519, Sec. 204(a), (b),‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (d), 106 Stat. 3392, 3393.‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30504(b)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:2044(b).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  30504(c)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:2044(d).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsections (a)(1), before clause (A), the words “Beginning at
‚ ‚ ‚  a time established by the Secretary of Transportation that is not
‚ ‚ ‚  sooner than the 3d month before the establishment or designation
‚ ‚ ‚  of” are substituted for “Beginning at a time determined by the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary, but no earlier than 3 months prior to the establishment
‚ ‚ ‚  of” for clarity and consistency with the source provisions restated
‚ ‚ ‚  in section 30502 of the revised title. The words “engaged in the
‚ ‚ ‚  business” are substituted for “in the business” for consistency in
‚ ‚ ‚  the revised chapter. The words “junk yard or salvage yard” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “automobile junk yard or automobile salvage yard”
‚ ‚ ‚  because of the definitions of “junk yard” and “salvage yard” in
‚ ‚ ‚  section 30501 of the revised title. The words “with the operator of
‚ ‚ ‚  the System” are substituted for “with the operator” for clarity. In
‚ ‚ ‚  clauses (A), (C), and (D), the words “each automobile” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “each vehicle”, and the words “the automobile” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “the vehicle”, for consistency in the revised
‚ ‚ ‚  title.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a)(2)(B), the word “automobile” is substituted for
‚ ‚ ‚  “vehicle” for consistency in the revised title.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsections (b), before clause (1), the words “Beginning at a
‚ ‚ ‚  time established by the Secretary that is not sooner than the 3d
‚ ‚ ‚  month before the establishment or designation of” are substituted
‚ ‚ ‚  for “Beginning at a time determined by the Secretary, but no
‚ ‚ ‚  earlier than 3 months prior to the establishment of” for clarity
‚ ‚ ‚  and consistency with the source provisions restated in section
‚ ‚ ‚  30502 of the revised title. In clauses (1), (3), and (4), the words
‚ ‚ ‚  “each automobile” are substituted for “each vehicle”, and the words
‚ ‚ ‚  “the automobile” are substituted for “the vehicle”, for consistency
‚ ‚ ‚  in the revised title.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  AMENDMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1997 – Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 105-102 amended directory language
‚ ‚ ‚  of Pub. L. 104-152, Sec. 2(c). See 1996 Amendment note below.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1996 – Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 104-152, Sec. 3(a), substituted
‚ ‚ ‚  “Attorney General” for “Secretary of Transportation”.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 104-152, Sec. 2(c), as amended by Pub. L. 105-102,
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted “National Motor Vehicle Title Information System” for
‚ ‚ ‚  “National Automobile Title Information System”.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Subsecs. (b), (c). Pub. L. 104-152, Sec. 3(a), substituted
‚ ‚ ‚  “Attorney General” for “Secretary”.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1997 AMENDMENT‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Pub. L. 105-102, Sec. 3(b), Nov. 20, 1997, 111 Stat. 2215,
‚ ‚ ‚  provided that the amendment made by section 3(b) is effective July
‚ ‚ ‚  2, 1996.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Amendment by Pub. L. 105-102 effective as if included in the
‚ ‚ ‚  provisions of the Act to which the amendment relates, see section
‚ ‚ ‚  3(f) of Pub. L. 105-102, set out as a note under section 106 of
‚ ‚ ‚  this title.

-End-

 

-CITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  49 USC Sec. 30505‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1/07/2011 (111-383)

-EXPCITE-
‚ ‚ ‚  TITLE 49 – TRANSPORTATION
‚ ‚ ‚  SUBTITLE VI – MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS
‚ ‚ ‚  PART A – GENERAL
‚ ‚ ‚  CHAPTER 305 – NATIONAL MOTOR VEHICLE TITLE INFORMATION SYSTEM

-HEAD-
‚ ‚ ‚  Sec. 30505. Penalties and enforcement

-STATUTE-
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (a) Penalty. – An individual or entity violating this chapter is
‚ ‚ ‚  liable to the United States Government for a civil penalty of not
‚ ‚ ‚  more than $1,000 for each violation.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (b) Collection and Compromise. – (1) The Attorney General shall
‚ ‚ ‚  impose a civil penalty under this section. The Attorney General
‚ ‚ ‚  shall bring a civil action to collect the penalty. The Attorney
‚ ‚ ‚  General may compromise the amount of the penalty. In determining
‚ ‚ ‚  the amount of the penalty or compromise, the Attorney General shall
‚ ‚ ‚  consider the appropriateness of the penalty to the size of the
‚ ‚ ‚  business of the individual or entity charged and the gravity of the
‚ ‚ ‚  violation.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  (2) The Government may deduct the amount of a civil penalty
‚ ‚ ‚  imposed or compromised under this section from amounts it owes the
‚ ‚ ‚  individual or entity liable for the penalty.

-SOURCE-
‚ ‚ ‚  (Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 983; Pub. L.
‚ ‚ ‚  104-152, Sec. 3(a), July 2, 1996, 110 Stat. 1384.)

-MISC1-

 

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Revised ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (U.S. Code)‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Source (Statutes at Large)
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Section‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–
‚ ‚ ‚  30505‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  15:2044(c).‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Oct. 25, 1992, Pub. L.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  102-519, Sec. 204(c), 106‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  Stat. 3393.‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚  ——————————————————————–

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (a), the words “An individual or entity violating
‚ ‚ ‚  this chapter is liable to the United States Government for a civil
‚ ‚ ‚  penalty of” are substituted for “Whoever violates this section may
‚ ‚ ‚  be assessed a civil penalty of not to exceed” for clarity and
‚ ‚ ‚  consistency in the revised title and with other titles of the
‚ ‚ ‚  United States Code.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b), the words “individual or entity” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “person” for clarity and consistency with the
‚ ‚ ‚  source provisions restated in the revised chapter.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(1), the words “The Secretary of Transportation
‚ ‚ ‚  shall impose a civil penalty under this section. The Attorney
‚ ‚ ‚  General shall bring a civil action to collect the penalty” are
‚ ‚ ‚  substituted for “Any such penalty shall be assessed by the
‚ ‚ ‚  Secretary and collected in a civil action brought by the Attorney
‚ ‚ ‚  General of the United States” for clarity and consistency in the
‚ ‚ ‚  revised title and with other titles of the Code.
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  In subsection (b)(2), the words “penalty imposed or compromised”
‚ ‚ ‚  are substituted for “such penalty, finally determined, or the
‚ ‚ ‚  amount agreed upon in compromise”, and the words “liable for the
‚ ‚ ‚  penalty” are substituted for “charged”, for clarity and consistency
‚ ‚ ‚  in the revised title and other titles of the Code.

‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  AMENDMENTS‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ 
‚ ‚ ‚ ‚ ‚  1996 – Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 104-152 substituted “Attorney
‚ ‚ ‚  General shall impose” for “Secretary of Transportation shall
‚ ‚ ‚  impose”, “Attorney General may compromise” for “Secretary may
‚ ‚ ‚  compromise”, and “Attorney General shall consider” for “Secretary
‚ ‚ ‚  shall consider”.

-End-

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